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CDM Type Micro-hydro Projects: A Case Study. National Workshop on Capacity Development for the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) Eugenio Lopez Conference Center December 9, 2002 Grace S. Yeneza Preferred Energy Inc. Clean Development Mechanism.

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cdm type micro hydro projects a case study

CDM Type Micro-hydro Projects:A Case Study

National Workshop on Capacity Development for the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM)

Eugenio Lopez Conference Center

December 9, 2002

Grace S. Yeneza

Preferred Energy Inc.

clean development mechanism
Clean Development Mechanism
  • Will be driven by the availability of developing country projects operating below the “baselines”
  • Will be a “competitive” process
  • Offers an excellent opportunity for Philippines to fund projects for sustainable development
technical requirements for cdm
Baseline Study

Mitigation Analysis

Company to commission and pay for a baseline study, in accordance with Kyoto Protocol requirements

Company to prepare Project Concept Note showing “with Project scenario” and estimated emissions reduction benefits

Review of proposals by an investment banker for the buyers (fee range-10 to 15% of CER value).

Technical Requirements for CDM
technical requirements for cdm1
Validation/verification

Preparation of Monitoring Plan by qualified consultants,

Operational Entity ("OE") to validate the Emission Reduction component of the Project

Buyer commissions an appraisal and due diligence at a level determined by the CDM.

Technical Requirements for CDM
technical requirements for cdm2
Certification

Prepare and submit a Project Design Document ("PDD") (with "Letter of Approval" from GOP

Project Company requests the GOP to submit to the CDM Executive Board a request for registration of the Project

Technical Requirements for CDM
micro hydro projects
Micro-hydro Projects
  • Basically Small (up to 100kW)
    • Villa Escudero – 98 kW
    • Tulgao, Kalinga - 30 kW
    • Balbalasang MHP – 25 kW
    • Lon-Oy MHP – 20 kW
    • Caguyen, Licuan Baay, Abra - 7kW
    • Buneg, Nabuanagan, Apayao- 5 kW

A 100-kW micro-hydro = 800-900 tCO2 e/yr

  • Most are community-owned and operated, for community use
  • Dispersed & implemented in remote areas
examples of cdm projects undergoing evaluation
Examples of CDM ProjectsUndergoingEvaluation
  • Caribbean wind farm project:

-20 MW electricity output

-50,000 t CO2emission reductions per year (for 10 years)

-Project costs: US$20m (+)

-Carbon value

[email protected]$3 US/tonne CO2e= $1.72m US

[email protected]$5 US/tonne CO2e = $2.87m US

  • SE Asia waste to energy project:

-2 MW electricity output

-50,000 t CO2e (+) emissions reductions per year(for 10 years)

-Project costs: US$3.5m

-Carbon value

[email protected]$3 US/tonne CO2e= $1.72m US

[email protected]$5 US/tonne CO2e = $2.87m US

It will take about 50-60 units 100-kW microhydros

to attain significant CER to attract CDM

challenges hurdles to overcome
Challenges/Hurdles to Overcome
  • GOP approval process
  • Current Technical Requirements
  • Capacity building
    • What CDM is all about
    • How to do baselines
    • How to capture value of benefits
    • How to prepare required documentation
  • Financing
  • Project Aggregation; identify organizations to do aggregation
recommendations
Recommendations
  • Pro-active government that is project development-oriented
  • Systems and approval procedures must be clear & easy to comply with
  • Lobby for “ Fast-track” mechanism for approval/certification of small scale projects
  • Small scale projects must be viewed from the developmental perspective and not only from its carbon mitigation potential
recommendations1
Recommendations
  • Establish an entity to develop top down baselines for small scale projects
  • Even now, start a quasi-CDM program within DENR
  • Provide access to financing by small projects
  • Focus capacity building and support on developing real project developers
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