Ap psychology
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AP Psychology. 4/10/14. Warm-up. Turn in Therapy graphic organizer. Psychoanalytic Therapy. NOT psychodynamic in this case…confusing! Freudian Free association Provide insight Transference Dream interpretation 3-7 years @$150/session…. Psychodynamic therapy. Based off Freud

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AP Psychology

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Ap psychology

AP Psychology


Warm up


  • Turn in Therapy graphic organizer.

Psychoanalytic therapy

Psychoanalytic Therapy

  • NOT psychodynamic in this case…confusing!

  • Freudian

  • Free association

  • Provide insight

  • Transference

  • Dream interpretation

  • 3-7 years @$150/session…

Psychodynamic therapy

Psychodynamic therapy

  • Based off Freud

  • Shorter, cheaper, goal-directed

  • Face-to-face therapy

  • Interpersonal psychotherapy: short and intended to relieve symptoms

Humanistic therapy

Humanistic therapy

  • What is troubling here and now…address this and symptoms will disappear

  • Responsibility on individual: client-center (nondirective)

  • Unconditional positive regard from therapist (Rogers)

  • Gestalt therapy (Frederick Perls): intended to focus on the present (existential) and enable people to make better choices based on their whole (gestalt) circumstances.

  • Existential therapy (Irvin Yalom): helps people cope with existence—inevitability of death, “condemned to be free,” and meaninglessness.

Behavior therapy

Behavior therapy

  • Change the behavior/symptoms = change the problem

  • Systematic desensitization (gradual)

  • Aversive conditioning (opposite of S.D.)

  • Flooding (used to treat phobias with prolonged exposure)

  • Token economy (questions of ethics & “real world”)

Cognitive therapy

Cognitive therapy

  • Correct distorted thinking and symptoms disappear

  • Aaron Beck (father of cognitive therapy)

Cognitive behavioral therapy

Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy

  • RET (Rational Emotive Therapy) – Albert Ellis

  • Dissatisfied with psychoanalytic, so he developed a new approach.

  • “People are not bothered by things but by their view of things.”

Family therapy

Family therapy

  • Treats a family as a system

  • Genogram (pictorial display of relationships—visualize patterns & factors in genetic tree/relationships)

  • You don’t actually draw the people 

Meta analysis


  • Statistically combining many research studies.

Psychopharmacology biological therapy

Psychopharmacology(biological therapy)

  • Electroconvulsive Therapy (ECT) = extreme depression

  • Psychosurgery: lobotomies…are not good (sorry guys)

  • Chemotherapy: antipsychotics, antianxiety, antidepressants

Antipsychotics neuroleptics

Antipsychotics (neuroleptics)

  • Major tranquilizers

  • Schizophrenia: chloropromazine, haloperidol

  • Side effects: tardivedyskenesia (involuntary muscle movements) and neuroleptic malignant syndrome (delirium, coma, death)

  • New-generation antipsychotics (clozapine)



  • Minor tranquilizers

  • Xanax, Valium

  • Increase Cl ions (chloride) in nerve cells which decrease transmission

  • Side effects: dependency, weakness/paralysis



  • Increase serotonin/norepinephrine levels in synapse

  • MAOI: monoamine oxidase inhibitor (MAO breaks down serotonin and norepinephrine)

  • Tricyclics: prevents reuptake of serotonin and norepinephrine

  • SSRIs: Serotonin prevented from reuptake into terminal button (Prozac)

  • Lithium carbonate (Li2CO3): treats bipolar disorder (as well as schizophrenia occasionally). Dampens extreme mood swings

Psychologist vs psychiatrist

Psychologist vs. Psychiatrist

  • Psychologist = PhD in psychology

  • Psychiatrist = degree in medicine (can prescribe medicine)

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