Literature Review - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Literature review l.jpg
Download
1 / 11

Literature Review Taken From: University of Washington Psychology Writing Center 2 Main Approaches Choose an area of research, read all the relevant studies and organize them in a meaningful way Choose an organizing theme or a point that you want to make, the select your studies accordingly

I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.

Download Presentation

Literature Review

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Literature review l.jpg

Literature Review

Taken From:

University of Washington

Psychology Writing Center


2 main approaches l.jpg

2 Main Approaches

  • Choose an area of research, read all the relevant studies and organize them in a meaningful way

  • Choose an organizing theme or a point that you want to make, the select your studies accordingly


Two purposes l.jpg

Two Purposes

  • To thoroughly describe work done on specific area of research

  • To evaluate this work

    • Identify relations, contradictions, gaps, and inconsistencies in the literature and by suggesting the next step needed to solve the research problem

    • Compare studies in terms of assumptions about the research question, experimental method, data analysis and any conclusions drawn


Select a research topic l.jpg

Select a Research Topic

  • Select a topic of current interest

  • Select a well-researched area

  • Narrow

  • Plan on spending half of your time selecting a topic and reading articles and the other half writing


Collect the relevant articles l.jpg

Collect the relevant articles

  • Do a preliminary search on PsycInfo

  • Further narrow your topic if necessary

  • Find your pivotal article –what article do all the other articles cite

  • Do an author search and see what other articles the author has written (PsycInfo)

  • See who has cited those authors (SSCI)

    • Find readable articles

    • Identify accessible articles


Reading the articles l.jpg

Reading the Articles

  • Read the easier articles first

  • Scan the articles

    • Identify the research question

    • Specific hypotheses

    • The findings

    • How the findings were interpreted

  • Read abstract, look at graphs and read discussion

  • Jot down main conclusion of articles on a summary sheet or next to the abstract

  • Now do a careful read of the articles and look for differences in theoretical outlook


Writing the literature review l.jpg

Writing the Literature Review

  • Number of articles reviewed

    • 5-15

  • Length

    • 8-20 pages

  • Organization

    • Introduce research question]

    • Narrow research question to the studies discussed

    • Briefly outline the organization of the paper

      • E.g., 3 methods have been used and each will be described and a comparison among them will be made


Writing the literature review8 l.jpg

Writing the Literature Review

  • Describe studies in detail

  • Compare and evaluate studies

  • Discus implication of studies

  • USE CONCEPTUAL HEADINGS:

    • Read 5 articles first then write headings

    • Literature is SDs for what you write as headings not other way around

    • Headings are conclusions not predictions

      • Definition of terms

      • Description of research question

      • What population have been used

      • Skills taught using this teaching procedure

      • Studies that measured a particular variable

      • Studies that did not measure a particular variable


Writing the literature review9 l.jpg

Writing the Literature Review

  • Write the Introduction

    • Start off with the research question and progressively narrow it.

    • State the specific lines of research you will be discussing

    • Establish a brisk but even pace

      • Avoid sudden jumps in logic

      • It is your job to make reading your article as easies as possible on the reader –assume nothing about their background


Writing the literature review10 l.jpg

Writing the Literature Review

  • Describe each article

    • Compare research assumptions, research theories tested, hypotheses stated, research designs used, variables selected, equipment used, instruction given, results obtained, interpretation of results, researcher speculations about future studies

    • If you’re having trouble here, then you don’t thoroughly understand the articles. Go back and read them again

  • Evaluate the work don in the area you are researching

    • State strengths and weaknesses and what remains to be done.

    • Assertions must be well supported by evidence

    • Recommend future studies


Recommendations l.jpg

Recommendations

  • Don’t start writing too early –you’ll write in circles because you don’t have anything to say

  • Leave time for breaks to get a fresh perspective

  • Use specific language and support your arguments with concrete examples

    • Don’t say “this illustrates” say “this experiment illustrates”

    • Use as few words as possible (write actively)

    • Never use a word with more syllables if the small word says the same thing “utilize and use”

    • Paragraphs need a main point

  • Paraphrase NEVER quote

  • Evaluate what you report

    • Synthesize the research, not just describe it

  • Avoid plagiarism –give credit


  • Login