Collective action and nature protection the case o f the drawa national park poland
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Collective action and nature protection The case o f the Drawa National Park (Poland) Part of IDARI Project (FP 5 Quality of Life) Piotr Matczak Adam Mickiewicz University, Poznań, Poland Ilona Banaszak Humboldt University, Berlin, Germany Map of the Drawa NP Problem

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Collective action and nature protection The case o f the Drawa National Park (Poland)

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Collective action and nature protection The case of the Drawa National Park (Poland)

Part of IDARI Project (FP 5 Quality of Life)

Piotr Matczak

Adam Mickiewicz University, Poznań, Poland

Ilona Banaszak

Humboldt University, Berlin, Germany

ESEE conference: Science and Governance. June 14-17, 2005, Lisbon


Map of the Drawa NP

ESEE conference: Science and Governance. June 14-17, 2005, Lisbon


ESEE conference: Science and Governance. June 14-17, 2005, Lisbon


ESEE conference: Science and Governance. June 14-17, 2005, Lisbon


Problem

  • Building self-reliance of communities:

    • Poor economic situation of the area

    • The Park as a capital for development

  • Nature/resources protection – common good

  • Tourist infrastructure – public good

ESEE conference: Science and Governance. June 14-17, 2005, Lisbon


Objective of the study

  • What is the model of a collective action

    • Building and evolution of institutions (formal and informal)

    • The role of learning

      (... to make a deal enhancing development.)

  • Methodology

ESEE conference: Science and Governance. June 14-17, 2005, Lisbon


Key actors

Tourist industry

Academic Institutions

Drawa Park Council

Ministry of Environment

Drawa Park Administration

Nature Protection NGOs

National Board for National Parks

Local inhabitants, local farmers

Self-governments (gmina and powiats)

Regional authorities

NGOs

ESEE conference: Science and Governance. June 14-17, 2005, Lisbon


Nature protection side

  • Legal framework: Nature Protection Plan

    • least possible participation

    • law of access to public information

    • „success story”

ESEE conference: Science and Governance. June 14-17, 2005, Lisbon


Economic development

  • Individualistic type of actions (tourist industry and self-government) – market approach in regulated conditions

  • No institution involving all the actors (lack of horizontal co-ordination)

ESEE conference: Science and Governance. June 14-17, 2005, Lisbon


Learning process

  • Concerning nature protection

    • Participatory approach in Nature Protection Plan

    • Soft enforcement of restrictions by Park’s Guard

  • Concerning development - obstacles:

    • Economic fragility of the business keeps tourist industry reluctant

    • Privatisation approach of the Park

    • Weakeness and division of self-governments

ESEE conference: Science and Governance. June 14-17, 2005, Lisbon


Conclusion

„Development trap”

  • Lack of financial capital

  • Use of the park as a capital needs co-operation

  • Lack of institutional infrastructure

ESEE conference: Science and Governance. June 14-17, 2005, Lisbon


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