LIVESTOCK PRODUCTION IN POLAND WITH THE ASPECT TO THE HEALTH PROTECTION AND FOOD QUALITY AND SAFETY . Katarzyna Połtowicz Department of Animal Genetics and Breeding, National Research Institute of Animal Production, 32-083 Balice n. Kraków. Structure of farmland utilisation in Poland. %.
LIVESTOCK PRODUCTION IN POLAND WITH THE ASPECT TO THE HEALTH PROTECTION AND FOOD QUALITY AND SAFETY
Department of Animal Genetics and Breeding,
National Research Institute of Animal Production,
32-083 Balice n. Kraków
Total number of farms
1995 – 2047600
2004 - 1851200
UAA size of farms (’000 ha)
1995 – 13819,9
2004 – 13930,4
Source: Agriculture 2004, GUS, Warsaw 2005
The organization of farm animal breeding and reproduction in Poland
Maternal breeds and lines are improved for:
prolificacy, milk yield, maternal ability
Paternal breeds and linesare mainly improved
to increase the growth rate of lambs, carcass meat percentage, and to decrease carcass fatness.
3 laying hen farms (15 lines of laying hens)
1 ducks farm (4 lines of ducks)
2 goose farms (3 lines of geese).
The conservation of local farm animal breeds is specified in the Rural Development Plan.
Programme:“Support for agri-environmental undertakings and improvement of animal welfare”
Animals of local breeds can complement the herds of other breeds or form separate herds, but the number of animals of the same breed, entered in a herd-book, must be at least:
4 for cows,
3 for mares
10 for sheep
consumer handling of the final product.
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