Community Forestry Carbon Projects for Cambodia Mark Poffenberger, Ph.D. Community Forest Carbon Markets 1) CDM Approved (CERs) Buyers 2) Private Buyers (VERs) Voluntary Buyers Non CDM Offset Buyers (CARB) Investors. Types of Forest Carbon Projects
Mark Poffenberger, Ph.D.
1) CDM Approved (CERs) Buyers
2) Private Buyers (VERs)
Non CDM Offset Buyers (CARB)
Type 1 – Afforestation and Reforestation of deforested areas.
Type 2 - Assisted Natural Regeneration (ANR)
projects for degraded forest areas
Type 3 - Avoided Deforestation (AD) projects
for closed forest areas
Baseline Carbon Stocks & Sequestration Rates for Northern Cambodian Forests
CF Avoided Deforestation Projects (AD) Cambodian Forests
Primary Criteria: Deforestation rates in area over past ten years
Additionality Criteria: Demonstration that CF protection can slow, halt or reverse previous rate
Advantages: Large areas eligible – Lower establishment costs, easier to establish baselines and monitor
Disadvantages: Lower price for VERS
Proposed CF Carbon Project Areas Otdar Meanchey Province Cambodian ForestsSiem Reap FA Cantonment
RISK Cambodian Forests
Forest Fire: Fire Line, ban on fires, fuel load reduction, fire brigade,
Illegal logging control, volunteer patrols, paid watchers.
Illegal Logging: Volunteer patrols, paid watchers, FA coordination, fines, forest stock monitoring.
Economic Concessions: CFM agreements with FA, MAFF coordination, monitoring and dialogue for proposed concessions.
LEAKAGE Cambodian Forests
And Other Leakage
Fuelwood is the primary source of energy for project families
Studies indicate that rural households consume approximately 1 mt of fuelwood annually
Considering 50 villages with 31,000 households, fuelwood emission may total 57,000 mt. of Co2E yearly in the project area
LEAKAGE MITIGATION Cambodian Forests
PROJECTED CO Cambodian Forests2 AND ESTIMATED VALUE
Outstanding Questions Cambodian Forests
CFI Research on Carbon & Communities Cambodian Forests
CFI collaborated with the Indian Institute of Forests and the Indian Institute of Science to develop cost effective methods for assessing carbon baselines, additionality, risk assessment and leakage. CFI presented the findings at COP-8 held in New Delhi, India
CFI is a registered NGO with UNFCCC Conference of Parties (COP)
CFI is a partner in the Clinton Climate Initiative (CCI) and the Terra Global Capital Fund
CFI is working with the Andhra Pradesh Forest Depart to launch parallel CF carbon projects in central India
CFI has been working closely with the FA since 2001 to develop CF strategies in Cambodia
THE END Cambodian Forests