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Singing as means of cultural identity ‘against’ globalisation. Xavier Baulies. Introduction. Diversity of musical history linked to the geographical and sociological realities is the basis form which choral music at local level keeps the identity of ways of thinking, feeling and singing.

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Singing as means of cultural identity against globalisation

Singing as means of cultural identity ‘against’ globalisation

Xavier Baulies


Introduction

Introduction

  • Diversity of musical history linked to the geographical and sociological realities is the basis form which choral music at local level keeps the identity of ways of thinking, feeling and singing.

  • Beyond this, there is a determinant role of the voice itself and language to harmonically color music and preserve cultural identity.

  • In this respect the analysis of transparency of vowels, use of consonants and proper vocal technique, oriented to strong and artistic communication, can provide a better understanding on the capacity of a given choral music to sustain local culture against globalization.


Index

Index

  • diversity of musical history

    • geographical and sociological realities

    • natural intonation and temperaments

  • voice, language and communication

    • transparency of vowels, use of consonants and proper vocal technique

    • a capella artistic communication

      • thinking, feeling and singing


1 diversity of musical history

1. Diversity of musical history

  • History: (from Local and Region to Global):

    • India, Europe, America

    • Asia

    • Africa, Australia

  • Instruments (perception of Harmony)

    Voice, Drums, Strings, Other Metal and Brass

  • Temperament evolution:

    Natural Intonation and Equal Temperament (Tonality Modulation)


1 diversity of musical history1

1. Diversity of musical history

  • History (from Local and Region to Global):

    • India -> Europe …-> America

    • India <-> Asia

    • Africa

    • Australia


1 diversity of musical history2

1. Diversity of musical history

Materials (2 interrelated ways of vibration) :

  • projection of voice and resonance (from human musical imagination to instrument construction)

  • perception of Pitch, Harmony and Rhythm (from universe to human musical perception)

    Instruments:

    Voice,

    Drums,

    Strings,

    Other Metal and

    Brass


1 diversity of musical history3

1. Diversity of musical history…

  • Temperament evolution:

    from Natural intonation to Equal Temperament (Tonality Modulation and equal use of tones)

    Misunderstanding of the concept:

    ‘BACH Well-tempered clavier’ as an Equal Temperament rather than an asymmetric one

    Reference: Bradley Lehman

    Singing effect in Europe and North America: ‘Long major thirds and short fifths’


Singing as means of cultural identity

B# = C

E#

A#

D#

G#

B# is not

equal to C

There is a COMMA


Bach s diagram

BACH’s diagram

Bach's diagram shows a tuning sequence. Starting at F-C, C-G etc, go clockwise around the circle. Temper the 5ths narrow by 1/6 (2/12) comma, 1/6, 1/6, 1/6, 1/6, 0, 0, 0, 1/12, 1/12, 1/12.


2 voice language and communication

2. Voice, language and communication

  • Key point for choral resilience at local level:

    ‘Every language have transparency of vowels, specific use of consonants and proper vocal technique, historically associated to emotion and feeling’

    ‘Every culture need to develop musical language and to promote quality composers to build up complexity’


2 voice language and communication1

2. Voice, language and communication

  • The voice can be seen as a balance between projection and resonance

    two inseparable axes of energy

  • Where is clarity? (pitch and language)

  • Where is darkness? (harmony and timber)


2 voice language and communication2

2. Voice, language and communication

  • a capella artistic communication

    • Dynamic intonation of choral performance

      ‘orchestral’ adaptation to emotion

    • Ways of thinking, feeling and singing

      Use of technical support:

      Piano (not as basis for harmonic intonation)

      Alexander Technique

      Psychophysical coordination

      Inner Game of Music

      Awareness, Will and Trust

      Language pronunciation


Catalonia s choral vitality

Catalonia’s choral vitality

  • 120 federated children choirs

  • 450 federated adult choirs

    Internet access to Catalan repertoire and coordinated activity

    Interest for training courses for conductors and singers

    Increasing number of auditoriums and concerts

    Positive ‘2003 Europa Cantat’ effect?


Examples

Examples:

  • Cantarina Choir (Czech Women's Choir)

    Baba yetu (African song)

    Siyahamba

    Uz Mne Kone Vyvadeji (Czech folk song)

  • The Boys Choir of Kenya

    AumaChapia

    JowiKitiKiti

    PapalePitie

  • Eric Whitacre

    Waternight


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