Least restrictive environment lre
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EDS 513: Legal Issues in Special Education. Least Restrictive Environment (LRE) . Kristina Krampe, 2005. Introduction to the Presentation. Prior to beginning this presentation, you should have r ead Chapter 12 of Yell’s (2006) The Law and Special Education, 2nd Edition

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Least restrictive environment lre

EDS 513: Legal Issues

in Special Education

Least Restrictive Environment (LRE)

Kristina Krampe, 2005


Introduction to the presentation
Introduction to the Presentation

Prior to beginning this presentation, you should have read Chapter 12 of Yell’s (2006) The Law and Special Education, 2nd Edition

Upon completion of this session, you should be able to discuss the LRE requirements under the IDEA


Lre v inclusion
LRE v. Inclusion

LRE refers to providing meaningful education to students with disabilities to maximum extent possible in the general education environment

Inclusion refers to placement of students with disabilities in the general education environment regardless of their individual needs


Lre mandate
LRE Mandate

Favors integration, but recognizes segregated settings may be necessary for some students

Segregation is permissible when use of supplementary aids and services in less restrictive settings are not sufficient to provide appropriate education

Applies to students in public and private schools as well as those in care facilities


Continuum of services
Continuum of Services

Represents spectrum of placements where IEP can be implemented

Ranges from general education classroom to self-contained classrooms to special schools and institutions

May involve placement in a private or charter school or arrangement with another district at home district’s expense


Educational placement
Educational Placement

Factors to be considered in placement:

  • Needs of the student with a disability

  • Proximity to neighborhood school

  • Access to integration in nonacademic settings

  • Needs of the student’s peers


Tests for determining lre
Tests for Determining LRE

Roncker Portability Test

  • Can services provided in segregated setting be transported to the general education classroom?

    Daniel Two-Part Test

  • Can meaningful education be provided in general education classroom with supplementary services and aids?

  • Is the student integrated to the maximum extent possible?


Tests for determining lre1
Tests for Determining LRE

Rachel H. Four-Factor Test

  • How do the educational benefits of the general education classroom with supplementary services and aids compare to those of the segregated setting?

  • What are the nonacademic benefits of the general education classroom?

  • What effect does the student’s presence have on others in the general education classroom?

  • What is the cost associated with provision of services and aids in the general education classroom?


Tests for determining lre2
Tests for Determining LRE

Hartmann Three-Part Test

  • What, if any, are the educational benefits of the general education classroom with supplementary aids and services?

  • Do the educational benefits obtained only in a segregated setting outweigh those in the general education classroom?

  • Is the student with a disability a disruptive force in the general education classroom?


Standards for determining lre
Standards for Determining LRE

Must be based on student’s individual needs

Must weigh benefits (educational and social) of the general education classroom with those received in segregated setting

Must consider impact of student’s presence on others in the general education classroom


Standards for determining lre1
Standards for Determining LRE

Must consider provision of FAPE over integration

Must involve good faith effort towards inclusion including provision of supplementary services and aids


Model for determining lre
Model for Determining LRE

Step 1: Determine eligibility

Step 2: Define FAPE

Step 3: Determine if services can be provided in general education classroom in its current form

Step 4: Determine if services can be provided in general education classroom if it is modified


Model for determining lre1
Model for Determining LRE

Step 5: Determine at what level on the continuum of placements services can be provided

Step 6: Determine at what level on the continuum of placements services can be provided if the setting is modified

Step 7: Determine if there are opportunities for integration in the general education classroom during the school day


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