Extraposition from NP. Heike Walker Georg-August University of Göttingen CoGETI Workshop Heidelberg 24-25 November 2006. Overview. Definition and Data Syntactic Analyses HPSG Analyses Discourse Constraints Conclusion. Definition and Data Syntactic Analyses HPSG Analyses
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Georg-August University of Göttingen
CoGETI Workshop Heidelberg
24-25 November 2006
Extraposition: a process by which an element
is moved to theright of, or subsequent to, its
Extraposition from NP: a process by which
an element is extraposed from an NP.
Relative Clause Extraposition
Ross (1967): Right Roof Constraint
An element cannot move rightward out of the clause
in which it originates.
An extraposed relative clause cannot be related to a
b. *John said he would meet a man at the party who was from Philadelphia, and meet a man at the party he did who was from Philadelphia. (Culicover&Rochemont 1990, 28)
b. *Micro brews, I like that are located around the Bay Area.
No dislocation out of an extraposed phrase:
b. *Whoi did you see a picture in the newspaper of _i?
But extraposition from wh-moved objects possible:
Baltin (1981): Generalized Subjacency
In the configuration A...[a...[b...B...]...]...A',
i. A' cannot be related to B where a and b are maximal projections of any major categories;
ii. A cannot be related to B where a and b are drawn from the following list of phrasal categories: (a) PP; (b) NP; (c) S or S' or both, depending on the specific language.
[which was lying on the table]i. (Baltin 2001)
The complement of X is a constituent governed by X. (Guéron 1980, 642)
β is a potential complement of α (α,β=Xmax), only if α and β are in a government relation.
The index of a modifying phrase has to be identified with a suitable index contained in the phrase to which the modifier is adjoined.
The anchors set of a headed phrase consists of the union of the anchors set of the daughters less those anchors that are specified as TO-BIND|ANCHORS on the head daughter.
Kiss (2003) syntactic sister contains a member that is token-identical to the ANCHORS feature of the relative clause
b. ??A man screamed who wasn‘t wearing any clothes.
b. *A man died from India.
Maynell (2003): Extraposition of restrictive relative clauses from definite NP subjects
b. ??The cocktail waitress entered the dining room who was wearing a blond wig.
Baltin, Mark R. (1981): Strict Bounding. In Carl Lee Baker, John J.McCarthy, eds., The Logical Problem of Language Acquisition,Cambridge,Massachusetts: MIT, 257-295.
Baltin, Mark R. (Draft of 2001): Extraposition, the Right RoofConstraint,Result Clauses, Relative Clause Extraposition, and PPExtraposition. (http://www.nyu.edu/gsas/dept/lingu/people/faculty/baltin/papers/extrapos.pdf).
Culicover, Peter W., Michael S. Rochemont (1990):Extraposition andtheComplement Principle. In LinguisticInquiry 21:1,23-47.
Guéron, Jacqueline (1980): On the Syntax and Semantics ofPPExtraposition. In Linguistic Inquiry 11:4,637-678.
Guéron, Jacqueline, Robert May (1984): Extraposition and LogicalForm.In Linguistic Inquiry 15:1, 1-31.
Keller, Frank (1995): Towards an Account of Extraposition in HPSG.InProceedings of the 7th Conference of the European Chapter ofthe Association for Computational Linguistics. Student Session.Dublin, 301-306. (http://homepages.inf.ed.ac.uk/keller/papers/eacl95.pdf).
Kiss Tibor (2002): Semantic Constraints on Relative ClauseExtraposition. Forthcoming in Natural Language and Linguistic Theory. (http://www.linguistics.ruhr-uni-bochum.de/~kiss/publications.html).
Kiss, Tibor (2003): Phrasal typology and the interaction of topicalization, wh-movement, and extraposition. In Jong-Bok Kim, Stephen Wechsler, eds., Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Head-Driven Phrase Structure Grammar, Stanford: CSLI, 109-128.
Maynell, Laurie A. (Draft of 2003): Discourse Constraints onExtraposition from Definite NP Subjects in English.
Ross, John Robert (1967): Constraints on Variables in Syntax. DoctoralDissertation. Reproduced by The Linguistics Club of IndianaUniversity, Fall 1968. (Reprinted : Infinite Syntax! Norwood, NJ: Ablex.).