Electromagnetic Induction. THE MAGNETIC FORCE ON MOVING CHARGE. THE NORTHEN LIGHTS. 1- Where does the northern lights happen ? 2-Where does the magnetic field of Erath very strong ? 3- How does the northern lights occur ? 4- F = B Q v , what does the equation mean ?
THE NORTHEN LIGHTS
When does the pointer of ammeter move ?
Electromagnetic induction. The direction of the induced current is perpendicular both to the magnetic lines of force and to the direction in which the wire is moving. No current is induced when the wire is at rest.
The more turns on the coil , the greater the e.m.f. this is because N turns will cut N times more lines of flux than just one turn .
Magnetic flux is the amount of magnetic field threading or “flowing through” a certain area A, such as the area inside a flat coil of wire. This is represented diagrammatically by the total number of magnetic flux lines that pass through area A.
The stronger the magnetic field at a point, the higher the magnetic flux density B is at that point and the more magnetic flux lines there are cutting or threading a given area. B is a measure of magnetic flux per unit area perpendicular to the direction of the field at a point in the field.
To find the total amount of flux passing through area A, we need to multiply the magnetic flux density B by the number of square meters in area A. This can be expressed mathematically as flux = flux density × area, or
In SI units, magnetic flux is measured in Webers (Wb) and magnetic flux density is measured in Webers per square meter (Wb m-2)