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SMOKING. One of the leading causes of respiratory and cardiovascular diseases in the world. Tobacco is the 2 nd major cause of deaths in the world. In Pakistan smoking is the single preventable cause of death.

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Smoking
SMOKING

One of the leading causes of respiratory and cardiovascular diseases in the world.

Tobacco is the 2nd major cause of deaths in the world.

In Pakistan smoking is the single preventable cause of death.

Stress in our life's, nicotine addiction, peer pressure, or just lying to cool and going with the trend are some of the major reasons why smokers find it so hard to quite.

Unfortunately, many smokers don’t really take the time out to carefully think about the harmful effects of smoking.


  • In the world one billion people smoke and 5.4million people die each year.

  • 25-30million Pakistani smoke and 1200 young people start smoking each day.

  • 40% men & 8% women in Pakistan are regular smokers.

  • 100, 000 Pakistani die each year from tobacco related illness. Tobacco kills 274 Pakistani each day.



  • Smoking means in halation and exhalation of the fumes of burning tobacco

  • Cigarettes – the most popular method of smoking, consists of finally shredded tobacco rolled in light weight paper.

  • Cigarette smoking is dangerous & injurious to health.

  • Smoking is major risk factor for many diseases like lung cancer, Bronchogenic ca., ch. Bronchitis, IHD etc.

  • Smokers have 3 fold risk of IHD other than non-smokers.


  • Smoking has synergistic action with other risk factors such as hypertension and elevated serum cholesterol.

  • Responsible for 25% of coronary heart disease (CHD) deaths under 65 years of age in men.

  • In developed countries 60 million deaths due to smoking in the last 50 years.

  • 5 million die each year due to smoking.

  • About 46 million people in USA smoke an estimated 420 billion cigarettes each year.



Effects of environmental tobacco smoke ets
Effects of Environmental Tobacco Smoke (ETS) cigarettes smoking.

  • Exposure to ETS increases “Risk of Lung Ca.” among the non-smokers.

    Harmful components of smoking:

  • Smoking form the average cigarette contains about 4000 chemicals, some of which are highly toxic and 43 of which cause cancers.

  • Tar

  • Nicotine – Poisonous & highly addictive.

  • Co – induces Atherogenesis

  • Hydrocarbons – from paper burning.

  • Fall in HDL.


Mode of action
Mode of Action cigarettes smoking.

Tobacco smoke destroys an important brain enzyme MAOB which is vital for breaking down excess amount of DOPAMINE – a neurotransmitter that triggers pleasure – seeking behavior.

Smokers have decreased level of MAOB and abnormally high levels of DOPAMINE.

Factors Associated with Smoking:

  • Peer pressure

  • Following the examples of sublings & parents

  • Employment outside the home.


Smoking related diseases
Smoking related Diseases cigarettes smoking.

1. Respiratory System Diseases:

Lung Ca. Emphysema

Bronchogenic Ca. Asthma

Ch. Bronchitis

2. CVS Diseases

  • IHD chance increases two times –---- develops MI

  • Hypertension

  • Aortic aneurysm

    3. GIT Diseases:

  • Peptic Ulcer

  • Ca. Oral cavity & Oesophagus.

  • Liver Cirrhosis.

    4. CNS Diseases:

  • Cerebro-vascular disease

  • Stroke (50 %) – male 40 % and female 60% at risk

  • Temporary Ischemia


5. Renal Diseases: cigarettes smoking.

  • Nephritis

  • Ca. Kidney & Urinary bladder

    6. Smoking and Breast Ca.

    Smoking increases the chance of developing Breast Ca.

    in some women.

    7. Smoking & Pregnancy:

  • Retarded foetal growth

  • LBW babies ( 200g less than normal at birth)

  • Increased chance of congenital anomalies

  • Still birth and abortions

  • High pre-natal mortality rate


Withdrawal symptoms may continue for 4 6 weeks

Anger & mood swings cigarettes smoking.

Depression

Dizziness

Irritability

Anxiety/ Restlessness

Craving (may continue for many months )

Tremors

Headache

Lethargy

Insomnia

Increase in appetite

Night time awakenings

Feeling tired all the time

Frustration

Lack of concentration

Withdrawal Symptomsmay continue for 4-6 weeks


Control measures
Control Measures cigarettes smoking.

  • Change in Attitude and behavior

  • Health education

  • Comprehensive services to treat tobacco dependents

  • Legislation

  • Ban on cigarette advertisements

  • Increasing taxes on Tobacco products

  • Registration of smoking on public places

  • Establishing “STOP SMOKING” clinics at all the major hospital in Pakistan

  • To assist those wishing to stop smoking.

  • Anti-smoking activities by Govt. & NGOs.

  • Research


Thanks
THANKS cigarettes smoking.


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