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Alternatives to biofuels: efficiency, efficiency and efficiency!. Aat Peterse, T&E Berlin, October 6, 2007.

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Alternatives to biofuels efficiency efficiency and efficiency
Alternatives to biofuels: efficiency, efficiency and efficiency!

  • Aat Peterse, T&E

  • Berlin, October 6, 2007


T e membership

Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, UK

49 Members – 21 Countries

T&E membership


The scale of the challenge Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, UK

Annual energy needs of one man

4 GJ

Annual energy needs of one car 40 GJ


Towards a balanced development
Towards a balanced development Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, UK


1 Energy efficiency Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, UK

There is no substitute for energy efficiency in vehicles and transport systems

Best investment for climate, energy security and technological innovation


2 Biomass efficiency Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, UK

Biofuel in transport

Biomass in electricity production

Source: JRC/EUCAR/CONCAWE, 2007


9 January: Schwarzenegger proposes ‘Low Carbon Fuel Standard’ (LCFS)

‘Well to Wheel’ greenhouse gas emissions per litre of petrol and diesel -10% in 2020

31 January: Commission proposes reviewed fuel quality directive, including lifecycle greenhouse gas target for petrol and diesel

Similar targets

3 climate performance targets, not biofuel volume targets !


Why fuel climate targets are crucial Standard’ (LCFS)

PROCESS

END USE

Crude Oil (avg.)

CO2

CO2

CO2

CO2

CO2

CO2

CO2

Biofuel (good)

CO2

CO2

CO2

CO2

CO2

CO2

CO2

CO2

CO2

CO2

CO2

CO2

CO2

CO2

CO2

CO2

CO2

CO2

CO2

Biofuel (bad)

Tar Sands

CO2

CO2

CO2

CO2

CO2

CO2

CO2

CO2

CTL

CO2

CO2

CO2

CO2

CO2

CO2

CO2

CO2

CO2

CO2

CO2

CO2

CO2


4 sustainability certification Standard’ (LCFS)

An absolutely critical element

Should include all relevant environmental and social concerns, including land use change

policies should be based on its outcome !!


But displacement Standard’ (LCFS)

remains unaddressed …

Even if biofuels are sustainable, they are still likely to displace other agricultural activity

This is also relevant for biofuels grown in Europe !!

Only solution: global approach to biodiversity and commodities – including fossils !

German approach (‘risk addition’ for displacement CO2) might be interim strategy


So … Standard’ (LCFS)

Even if biofuels are good, energy efficient transport and biomass to replace coal and oil in powerplants is better

Move from biofuel targets to climate performance targets and sustainability certification

Even then, the planet can only bear cautious and well-planned steps, not a wild rush


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