Alternatives to biofuels efficiency efficiency and efficiency
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Alternatives to biofuels: efficiency, efficiency and efficiency!. Aat Peterse, T&E Berlin, October 6, 2007.

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Alternatives to biofuels: efficiency, efficiency and efficiency!

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Alternatives to biofuels efficiency efficiency and efficiency

Alternatives to biofuels: efficiency, efficiency and efficiency!

  • Aat Peterse, T&E

  • Berlin, October 6, 2007


T e membership

Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, UK

49 Members – 21 Countries

T&E membership


Alternatives to biofuels efficiency efficiency and efficiency

The scale of the challenge

Annual energy needs of one man

4 GJ

Annual energy needs of one car40 GJ


Towards a balanced development

Towards a balanced development


Alternatives to biofuels efficiency efficiency and efficiency

1 Energy efficiency

There is no substitute for energy efficiency in vehicles and transport systems

Best investment for climate, energy security and technological innovation


Alternatives to biofuels efficiency efficiency and efficiency

2 Biomass efficiency

Biofuel in transport

Biomass in electricity production

Source: JRC/EUCAR/CONCAWE, 2007


Alternatives to biofuels efficiency efficiency and efficiency

9 January: Schwarzenegger proposes ‘Low Carbon Fuel Standard’ (LCFS)

‘Well to Wheel’ greenhouse gas emissions per litre of petrol and diesel -10% in 2020

31 January: Commission proposes reviewed fuel quality directive, including lifecycle greenhouse gas target for petrol and diesel

Similar targets

3 climate performance targets, not biofuel volume targets !


Alternatives to biofuels efficiency efficiency and efficiency

Why fuel climate targets are crucial

PROCESS

END USE

Crude Oil (avg.)

CO2

CO2

CO2

CO2

CO2

CO2

CO2

Biofuel (good)

CO2

CO2

CO2

CO2

CO2

CO2

CO2

CO2

CO2

CO2

CO2

CO2

CO2

CO2

CO2

CO2

CO2

CO2

CO2

Biofuel (bad)

Tar Sands

CO2

CO2

CO2

CO2

CO2

CO2

CO2

CO2

CTL

CO2

CO2

CO2

CO2

CO2

CO2

CO2

CO2

CO2

CO2

CO2

CO2

CO2


Alternatives to biofuels efficiency efficiency and efficiency

4 sustainability certification

An absolutely critical element

Should include all relevant environmental and social concerns, including land use change

policies should be based on its outcome !!


Alternatives to biofuels efficiency efficiency and efficiency

But displacement

remains unaddressed …

Even if biofuels are sustainable, they are still likely to displace other agricultural activity

This is also relevant for biofuels grown in Europe !!

Only solution: global approach to biodiversity and commodities – including fossils !

German approach (‘risk addition’ for displacement CO2) might be interim strategy


Alternatives to biofuels efficiency efficiency and efficiency

So …

Even if biofuels are good, energy efficient transport and biomass to replace coal and oil in powerplants is better

Move from biofuel targets to climate performance targets and sustainability certification

Even then, the planet can only bear cautious and well-planned steps, not a wild rush


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