Obsessive Compulsive Disorder

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Obsessive Compulsive Disorder

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2. What is OCD? A type of anxiety that happens when there is a problem with the way the brain deals with normal worrying and doubts A person has recurrent and unwanted ideas or impulses and an urge to do something to relieve the discomfort caused by the obsession.

3. What are obsessions? Ideas, images, and impulses that run through the person’s mind over and over again. Fear of dirt or germs Disgust with bodily waste or fluids Concern with order, symmetry and exactness

4. What are compulsions? Behaviors that people with OCD do to try to get rid of nervous and afraid feelings according to “rules” that they make up for themselves Compulsions are also called rituals

5. What are common obsessions? Worrying that something has been done poorly when they know it wasn’t Fear of thinking evil or sinful thoughts Thinking about certain sounds, images, words, or numbers all the time Need for constant reassurance Fear of harming a family member or friend

6. What are common compulsions? Cleaning and grooming over and over again Checking drawers, door locks, and appliances to make sure they are shut, locked, or turned off Repeating things several times Ordering and arranging items in certain ways Counting over and over to a certain number Saving things such as newspapers, mail, or containers when they are no longer needed Seeking constant reassurance and approval

7. How common is OCD? It was thought to be rare for many years Recent studies show that as many as 3 million Americans ages 18-54 may have it

8. What causes OCD? A single proven cause has not been found Research shows that it could have to do with chemicals in the brain that carry messages from one nerve cell to another A person who has OCD may not have enough Serotonin.

9. What other illnesses are associated with OCD? People often have other kinds of anxiety like phobias or panic attacks They may have depression, ADHD, and eating disorder or a learning disorder such as dyslexia

10. How is OCD treated? Many medications are available: clomipramine ( Anafranil), fluoxetine ( Prozac), sertraline (Zoloft), paroxetine (Paxil), and fluvoxamine (Luvox) Behavioral therapy can also be used under the guidance of a trained therapist

11. What are the risk factors of you getting OCD? the risk of you getting OCD is slightly higher if your parents or other family members have OCD.

12. How do doctors diagnose OCD? There is no laboratory test to diagnose OCD but your doctor may ask you questions about your obsessions, compulsions, and emotional well- being Your doctor may also talk to your friends and relatives about your behavior

13. Sources cited Obsessive Compulsive Disorder. ( 1995-2006). [On-line]. Retrieved on December 7, 2006. Available: http://www.kidshealth.org/kid/health_problems/learning_problem/ocd.html Obsessive Compulsive Disorder. ( 1995-2006). [On-line]. Retrieved on: December 7, 2006. Available: http://mentalhelp.net/poc/center_index.php?id=6

14. More sources Obsessive Compulsive Disorder: What it is and how to treat it. ( September 2006). [ On-line]. Retrieved on December 7, 2006. Available: http://familydoctor.org/133.xml Obsessive Compulsive Disorder. ( October 4, 2006). [ On-line]. Retrieved on December 7, 2006. Available: http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/obsessive-compulsive-disorder/DS00189

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