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SAFELY TRANSPORTING HEAD START CHILDREN. Passenger Safety Texas AgriLife Extension Service in cooperation with Texas Department of Transportation.

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SAFELY TRANSPORTINGHEAD START CHILDREN

Passenger Safety

Texas AgriLife Extension Service

in cooperation with

Texas Department of Transportation

Educational programs of the Texas AgriLife Extension Service are open to all people without regard to race, color, sex, disability, religion, age, or national origin.

The Texas A&M University System, U.S. Department of Agriculture, and the County Commissioners Courts of Texas Cooperating


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The Problem

  • Motor vehicle crashes are the leading cause of death among children

  • Nationally, almost half of the children who died in crashes were not in child safety seats or seat belts (NHTSA)


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Why Pre-School Children Need Car Seats

  • Hips are small and rounded

  • Not well developed

  • Adult lap/shoulder belts do not fit properly


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Effectiveness of Child Restraints

  • 71% effective in reducing infant deaths

  • 54% effective in reducing toddler deaths

  • 69% effective in reducing hospitalization need

  • Children are 37% less likely to be fatally injured riding in the rear seat


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HEAD START RULES

January 2001

Head Start programs - 5 yrs. to comply

Require all children to be seated in a child restraint meeting federal standards

Driver must receive training

One Bus Monitor required


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School Buses Design

20 in. min

SRP

24 in. max

  • Compartmentalization

  • Designed for forward-facing crashes

  • Does not work well in rollover crashes


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School Bus Requirements

Large buses >10,000 pounds

Compartmentalization required

Small buses <10,000 pounds

Safety belts required

Lower LATCH anchors required in at least 2 seating positions

2010 – all new Texas buses required to have lap/shoulder belts (unfunded mandate)


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Child Restraint Systems for Buses

Ideal solution - Integrated seats


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Child Restraint Systems

Conventional Child Safety Seats

Fit children 20-40+ lbs.

Convertible

Combination Seat


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Other Restraints

Vests

E-Z-On KidCam

Fits 30-80 lbs.

Can be used with lap belt only


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Other Restraints

SafeGuard STAR

Fits 25-65 lbs. or 25-90 lbs.

Can be used without lap belts


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Cost

Conventional Seats - $40-$160+

Vests - $65+

SafeGuard STAR - $120-$150

Bus Seats with integrated seats - $600+



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What is the Best Child Safety Seat?

  • Fits child - appropriate for child’s height, weight and age

  • Fits in the vehicle

  • Seat that will be used correctly all the time


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INSTRUCTIONS

Convertible Seat

READ AND KEEP FOR FUTURE REFERENCE

Important

  • Read the instruction book

  • Mail in registration card


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Convertible Seats

5-Point Harness

Tray Shield

T-Shield


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Convertible Seats

  • Can be rear-facing as well as forward- facing

  • Forward-facing to 40* lbs.

    • Child must be a minimum of one year and 20 lbs. (some start at 22 lbs.)

  • IMPORTANT-Check manufacturer’s instructions for correct harness slots

* Higher harness weight seats are available


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Combination Seats

  • Combine a removable 5-point

    harness with a high back belt-

    positioning booster

  • Harness weight limit is 40* lbs.

  • All slots are reinforced

  • Choose slot at or above child’s shoulders

* Higher harness weight seats are available


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Higher Harness Weight Seats

  • Convertible or combination seats

  • Forward-facing weight limit above

    40 lbs. (50-80 lbs.)

  • Good option for child not mature enough to use a booster seat

  • More expensive

  • May be harder to find


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Special Needs Children

  • May be able to use conventional seats

  • Some forward-facing seats can be

  • used in a slight recline when forward-

  • facing. Check instructions

  • Higher harness weight seats may be an option

  • Medical seats are also available and go up to 115 pounds. More expensive


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Harness Straps/Retainer Clip

  • Straps should be at or above shoulders

  • Straps must be snug

  • Not able to pinch any of webbing on harness

  • Retainer clip – across chest armpit to armpit

Retainer

Clip


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Installing it Correctly

  • Choose safety belt or LATCH

    • Whichever gives most secure fit

  • Center position is safest position

    • Sometimes center cannot be used

  • Connect top tether

  • Read instructions in vehicle owner’s manual

  • Contact technician for inspection


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Booster Seats

Incorrect belt fit because there is no booster seat

Correct belt fit with belt-positioning booster

  • Children under 4’9” do not fit well in lap/shoulder belts

  • Booster seats help position child

    • Help with correct lap and shoulder belt fit


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Booster Seats

Backless booster

High back booster


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What to Avoid - Second-Hand Seats

  • Seat involved in crash

  • Missing labels

  • More than 6 years old

  • Cracks or rust

  • Parts missing

  • On recall list


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Recalls

  • Recall Lists on NHTSA Web site

  • NHTSA:

    • http://www.nhtsa.dot.gov

    • AUTO SAFETY HOTLINE

    • 1-888-DASH-2-DOT

  • Child Safety Seat Manufacturer


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Resources

  • Get a free safety seat inspection with a certified technician

  • Locate a technician

    • http://buckleup.tamu.edu


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