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Maryland 4-H Horsemanship Standards Riding Levels 1 - 2 Kristen M. Wilson University of Maryland Extension Horse Specialist Prepared by: Dr. Amy Burk University of Maryland Extension Horse Specialist Rev. 12/15/09 Riding Testing Schedule Horse Management

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Maryland 4 h horsemanship standards riding levels 1 2 l.jpg

Maryland 4-H Horsemanship Standards Riding Levels 1 - 2

Kristen M. Wilson

University of Maryland

Extension Horse Specialist

Prepared by:

Dr. Amy Burk

University of Maryland Extension Horse Specialist

Rev. 12/15/09


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Riding Testing Schedule

  • Horse Management

  • Rider Courtesy and Horse and Rider Turnout

  • Tack

  • Riding

    • English – on the flat

    • English – over fences

    • Western


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Horse Management

  • Previously a part of the Knowledge Standard:

    • Level 1: Approach horse and halter safely, lead and turn a horse in hand, demonstrate proper grooming techniques (including picking hooves)

    • Level 2: Lead horse in and out of a stall safely, tie a horse with a proper quick release knot, perform walk/trot transitions in hand


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Correct

Horse Handling



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Horse and Rider Turnout

  • Recognize clean and safe attire and tack

  • Have horse properly groomed

  • Discuss safe approach of another horse and rider while mounted

  • Discuss general precautions taken when riding in a group


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Rider Turnout

http://www.wiseways.com/images/bareback.jpg

www.StateLineTack.com

Does Not Meet

Expectations

Exceeds

Expectations

Meets

Expectations


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Rider Safety

Improperly Fitting Hat

Jumping Vest

Optional


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Horse Turnout

Does Not Meet

Expectations

Meets

Expectations

Exceeds

Expectations



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Riding Courtesy

Level 1: Must be able to discuss with examiner precautions that must be taken when approaching another horse and rider when mounted

Level 2: Must discuss safety precautions to be taken when riding in a group


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Tack

  • Safe, neat, and properly adjusted tack

  • Demonstrate how to properly fit a girth (Level 1)

  • Demonstrate how to check for proper length of stirrups mounted and unmounted (Level 2)



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Unsafe Tack

http://www.newrider.com/Library/Misc_Tips/tack_safety.html


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Types of English Bridles

Bitless Bridle (hackamore)

Snaffle Bridle

Double

Bridle


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Common English Bits

Plain D-Ring Snaffle

French Link Snaffle

Full Cheek Snaffle

Kimberwick


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Western Bridles

  • Non-jointed reins

  • Usually held in one hand

  • No noseband


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Types of Western Bridles

1-ear Western Pleasure

All Round Western

Western Hackamore


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Common Western Bits

Western Curb Bit

Snaffle Training Bit


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English Saddles

  • English saddle should be worn in English Riding tests

Close

Contact

All Purpose

Dressage

Jumping


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Western Saddles should be used in Western Riding tests

Horses should not be jumped in a Western Saddle

Western Saddles

Barrel Racer

All Purpose

Work Saddle


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Check Safety and Fit of Accessories

  • Saddle pads

  • Girth

  • Stirrups and leathers

  • Breast plates

  • Martingales


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Gaits Review for Riding Tests

  • Required Gaits

  • Levels 1 & 2

    • Walk and Trot/Jog

  • Levels 3 & 4

    • Walk, Trot, Canter/Lope

Leaping and Galloping not included..


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Riding Level 1 (English/Western)

  • Mounting and dismounting (with aid if necessary)

  • Holding and adjustment of reins

  • Length and adjustment of stirrups

  • Drop and regain stirrups at the halt

  • Gradual transitions from walk to trot and walk to halt

  • Basic changes of direction

  • Walk over evenly spaced ground poles

  • Complete English Riding Pattern 1


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Mounting

Susan E. Harris, The United States Pony Club Manual of Horsemanship


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English

Riding

Susan E. Harris, The United States Pony Club Manual of Horsemanship


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Western Riding

Rider adjusting her reins

Young horse going in two hands


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AdjustingStirrups

Susan E. Harris, The United States Pony Club Manual of Horsemanship




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Riding Level 2 (English/Western)

  • Shorten and lengthen reins at the walk and halt

  • Adjust stirrups and girth while mounted at the halt

  • Ride without stirrups at the walk, and regain them

  • Perform simple circles and figure 8’s at the walk and trot/jog (posting on the correct diagonal for English)

  • Demonstrate a halt from a trot on a straightaway

  • Complete English Riding Pattern 2


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Backing

Susan E. Harris, The United States Pony Club Manual of Horsemanship


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20 m Circle – Small Dressage Arena

K

E

H

20 m

A

C

X

F

B

M

40 m


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Figure Eight – Small Dressage Arena

K

E

H

20 m

A

C

X

F

B

M

40 m


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Basic Secure

Position

Susan E. Harris, The United States Pony Club Manual of Horsemanship



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Two- Point Position

Susan E. Harris, The United StatesPony Club Manual of Horsemanship




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English Jumping Level 1

  • Two-point

  • Spaced 3-5 feet depending on horse’s stride

  • The horse can hit the poles but the important thing is the riders response and ability to hold position

Susan E. Harris, The United States Pony Club Manual of Horsemanship


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English Jumping Level 2

  • Trot over evenly spaced poles followed by a simple 2’ cross rail as according to Appendix K.

    • Secure position and steady rhythm are to be maintained.


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Riding Rules and Etiquette

  • Riding alone is discouraged

  • Enclosed ring preferred

  • One horse length between horses

  • Passing is done left shoulder to left shoulder

  • Jumps to be jumped are called out

Deborah Poole “DreamFields.com” http://www.dreamfields.ca/Hymers%20Horse%20Show.gif


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References and Resources

  • Approved resources for state contests

  • USPC Manual of Horsemanship: The Basics for Beginners through D Level, by S. E. Harris

  • USPC Manual of Horsemanship: The Intermediate Horsemanship through C Level, by S. E. Harris

  • USPC Manual of Horsemanship: The Advanced Horsemanship Through A Level, by S. E. Harris


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Acknowledgements

  • Thanks for assistance to:

    • Rebekah Cosden

      • Development of Horsemanship Levels

    • Meredith Clark

      • Development of Training Materials for Riding Levels

    • Jessica Suagee

      • Development of Examiner Certification Tests


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