An irish clinical perspective biosecurity and the role of veterinary ireland
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An Irish Clinical Perspective: Biosecurity and the role of Veterinary Ireland Meta Osborne MVB CertESM MRCVS EDUCATION + COMMUNICATION + PARTNERSHIP What is Veterinary Ireland? The representative body for vets in Ireland (1200 members) Committed to improving animal health & welfare

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An Irish Clinical Perspective: Biosecurity and the role of Veterinary Ireland

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An irish clinical perspective biosecurity and the role of veterinary ireland l.jpg

An Irish Clinical Perspective:Biosecurityand the role of Veterinary Ireland

Meta Osborne MVB CertESM MRCVS


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EDUCATION + COMMUNICATION + PARTNERSHIP


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What is Veterinary Ireland?

  • The representative body for vets in Ireland (1200 members)

  • Committed to

    • improving animal health & welfare

    • protecting public health

  • 6 interest groups

  • Veterinary Ireland Equine Group has over 200 members


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What does Veterinary Ireland do?

EDUCATION

COMMUNICATION


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What does Veterinary Ireland do?

  • Education

    • Mandatory CVE from January 2012

    • Annual Irish Equine Veterinary Conference

    • Facilitate local clinical societies

    • Work with organisations such as BEVA & ITBA


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What does Veterinary Ireland do?

Communication

  • with members

    • Veterinary Journal

    • VetView

    • website

    • Email/text alerts

  • with outside bodies & agencies

    • DAFF, IEC, ITBA, ISPCA


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VETERINARY IRELAND =EDUCATION + COMMUNICATION + PARTNERSHIP


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Biosecurity?........sounds a bit woolly to me!


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Equine biosecurity

“management practices that minimise and prevent the movement of disease on, off and within a venue”

(Animal Health Australia, 2009)


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….movement of disease…


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Movement of animals

  • resident population

    • movement within farm

    • temporary movement off farm

      • veterinary hospital

      • breeding shed

      • Sales

      • Competition

  • newcomers

    • sales, competition


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Movement of objects

Equipment and tack

  • feed and water buckets

  • bridles, headcollars, bits, leadropes, twitches, rugs, rollers, saddles, girths, numnahs

  • grooming kits

  • thermometers, dosing syringes

  • Veterinary equipment (syringes, needles, suture kits, giving sets, endoscopes, specs)


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Movement of objects

  • Vehicles

    • horse transport

    • Tractors

    • feed lorries

    • cars/jeeps (staff & visitors)


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Movement of people

  • staff (full/part-time)

  • professionals & contractors

    KEEP THE

    GATE

    CLOSED!


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Why me?Why not me?


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Equine Biosecurity – the role of the veterinary clinician

  • “pivot person”

    • Often first on scene to examine a clinical case

    • veterinary training, knowledge and experience

    • ambulatory - has been on other holdings, will visit other holdings

    • awareness – outbreaks within practice area/locally/nationally/internationally

  • Preemptive role in advising on optimum biosecurity procedures


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BIOSECURITY – WHAT CAN THE VET DO?

  • EDUCATION

    • Self: CVE (relevant, up-to-date, evidence-based)

    • Others:

      • Practice staff

      • Farm owners/managers

      • Yard staff

      • Equine groups (ITBA, Pony Club, Riding Clubs etc)


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BIOSECURITY – WHAT CAN THE VET DO?

  • COMMUNICATION

    • Full explanation of (tentative) diagnosis & differentials

    • Outline of further testing/treatment plan

    • Further consultations – 2nd opinion from a colleague, discussion of case with IEC or local DVO

    • Client confidentiality vs vet’s legal & ethical responsibilities


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BIOSECURITY – WHAT CAN THE VET DO?

  • PARTNERSHIP

    • With horse owner/manager

      • Biosecurity plan (tailored to holding/enterprise)

        • PREVENT SPREAD

          • Between animals (quarantena)

          • By people

          • By things


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BIOSECURITY – WHAT CAN THE VET DO?

  • PARTNERSHIP = SHARING

    • With professional colleagues

      • Dissemination of information

      • CVE

    • With industry bodies


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CLIENT/PRACTITIONER RELATIONSHIP =


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BIOSECURITY – WHAT CAN THE HORSE OWNER DO?

  • EDUCATION

    • STAY INFORMED – know what threats are out there (local/national/international)

    • trade papers & journals, education opportunities via ITBA

  • COMMUNICATION

    • With staff & visitors (professional & others)

    • With industry bodies

    • You own the horse, not the disease, and not the industry!


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BIOSECURITY – WHAT CAN THE HORSE OWNER DO?

PARTNERSHIP

  • Draw up a biosecurity plan with input from staff & vets

  • Plan should be

    • Easy to follow

    • Compatible with day-to-day running of enterprise

    • Inexpensive


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BIOSECURITY – WHAT CAN THE HORSE OWNER DO?

  • PARTNERSHIP

    • Strength in numbers:

      • Join ITBA!

      • Ask vet if he/she is a member of Veterinary Ireland


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What your vet can expect from you

  • Openness & honesty

    • animal ID

    • history

    • records

  • Compliance

    • Follow through on control measures & treatments


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What you can expect from your vet

TECHNICAL KNOWLEDGE

  • known knowns  unknown unknowns

  • PROFESSIONALISM

    • ethical behaviour

    • care & empathy

    • honesty & trust

    • communication skills

    • cleanliness & hygiene


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    Prevention of disease spread - what you can expect from your vet

    • Clean footwear and clothing on arrival

    • Clean instruments & equipment, good hygiene & clinical waste disposal during procedures

    • Good hygiene as I leave yard (more likely that I did the same at the previous yard I visited)


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    Who is the weakest link?


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    Ostriches & biosecurity

    Ostrich attitude is never a good idea!


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    NO MORE OSTRICHES!

    • If you have an infectious disease problem – admit it!

    • If your horse is on a farm with an infectious disease problem, be a part of the solution, not part of the problem!

    X


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    NO MORE OSTRICHES!

    • COMMUNICATION: Let people know what’s going on and what you are doing to control it

    • DEBRIEFING: when the dust has settled, try to figure out what happened and why, to help prevent the problem recurring.

    X


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    “hope is not an infection control strategy – you have to work at it!

    Dr Scott Weese DVM, University of Guelph

    THANK YOU!


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