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USII – 6a. Technology extended progress into all areas of American life, including neglected rural areas. Improved Transportation (The Automobile) Led to:. Greater __________: Mobility. Creation of _______: Jobs Henry Fords assembly line.

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USII – 6a

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USII – 6a

  • Technology extended progress into all areas of American life, including neglected rural areas.

Improved Transportation (The Automobile) Led to:

  • Greater __________:

  • Mobility

  • Creation of _______:

  • Jobs

    • Henry Fords assembly line

  • Growth of transportation - related industries (road construction, oil, steel, automobile)

  • Movement to ________ areas

  • Suburban

Communication Changes

  • Increased availability of ______________

  • Telephones

  • Development of the radio (role of _______) and broadcast industry (role of ___________)

  • Guglielmo Marconi

  • David Sarnoff

  • Development of the movies


  • Labor-saving products (e.g.,_______, electric stoves,_______pumps)

  • Washing Machines

  • Water


  • Electric _________

  • Lighting

  • Entertainment (e.g.,________)

  • Radio

Invention of the Airplane:THE _________BROTHERS

  • Wright

Assembly Line - ________________

Henry Ford

USI – 6b

  • Reforms in the early 20th century could not legislate how people behaved.

  • Economic conditions and violence led to the migration of people.


  • Prohibition was imposed by a _____________ ______________ that made it illegal to manufacture, transport, and sell alcoholic beverages.

  • Constitutional Amendment

As a result:

  • Speakeasies were created as places for people to drink ______ ___________________

  • Alcoholic beverages

  • _________________ smuggled illegal alcohol and promoted organized crime

  • Bootleggers

  • Prohibition was repealed by the ______ Amendment.

  • 21st

The Great Migration North

  • Jobs for ________________in the South were scarce and low paying.

  • African Americans

  • African Americans faced discrimination and violence in the__________.

  • South

  • African Americans moved to northern cities in search of better_____________________.

  • Employment Opportunities

  • African Americans also faced discrimination and violence in the_________.

  • North

USII – 6c

  • The 1920’s and 1930’s were important decades for American art, literature and music.

Artist known for urban scenes and later, paintings of the Southwest –

Georgia O’Keefe


Novelist who wrote about the Jazz age of the 1920’s-

F. Scott Fitzgerald


A novelist who portrayed the strength of poor migrant workers during the 1930’s-

John Steinbeck


Composers who wrote uniquely American music –

Aaron Copland

George Gershwin


TheHarlem Renaissance

  • Harlem - is a neighborhood in the New York City borough of Manhattan, long known as a major African American cultural and business center.

  • Renaissance - A revival of intellectual or artistic achievement and vigor

Harlem Renaissance

  • The Harlem Renaissance was a period of African American artistic achievement during the 1920’s and 1930’s in Harlem, New York

Painterwho chronicled the experiences of the Great Migration North through art –

Jacob Lawrence

Poet who combined the experiences of African and American cultural roots –

Langston Hughes


Famous jazz composers

Duke Ellington

Louis Armstrong

Blues singer –

Bessie Smith


USII – 6d

  • The optimism of the 1920’s concealed problems in the American economic system and attitudes about the role of government in controlling the economy

  • The Great Depression had a widespread and severe impact on American life.

People _________on stocks, using borrowed money that they could not repay when stock prices crashed.


SPECULATION-putting money in a high risk investment with the hope of making a profit

Causes of the Great Depression

The ___________failed to protect the banking system

Federal Reserve

FEDERAL RESERVE– the central banking system of the U.S.

High _______ strangled international trade


TARIFF - is a tax imposed on goods when they are moved across a political boundary

A large number of banks and ___________failed


Impact on Americans

________of workers were unemployed

1/4th or 25%

Large numbers of people were hungry and___________


Lived in Hoovervilleswhich were cardboard or wooden shacks

Farmers incomes fell to low levels because they were growing to much which drove prices down.

Major Features of the New Deal

  • The New Deal was developed by President Roosevelt

  • _____________was a program in the New Deal that still exists and gives money to the elderly/retired, unemployed, and disabled

  • Social Security

  • Federal _________ programs, such as the CCC, which gave unmarried men jobs

  • Work

  • ___________________ improvement programs, such as the TVA, which built 49 dams in 7 states to produce hydroelectric power.

  • Environmental

  • Farm assistance programs, such as the AAA, which paid farmers to produce less.

  • Increased rights for ___________

  • Labor

The New Deal

  • The New Deal was ____________plan to use government programs to help the nation recover from The _________________

  • FDR’s

  • Great Depression

USII – 7a: World War II

  • Political and economic conditions in Europe following WWI led to the rise of __________ and to WWII.

  • Fascism

  • The rise of fascism threatened peace in Europe and __________.

  • Asia

  • As conflict grew in Europe and Asia, American foreign policy evolved from ____________ to direct involvement.

  • Neutrality/Isolationism

1. Causes of World War II

  • A. Political instability and economic devastation in Europe resulting from WWI

    • 1. Worldwide

      • Depression

    • 2. High war debt owed by

      • Germany

    • 3. High

      • Inflation

    • 4. Massive

      • Unemployment

  • Rise of Fascism

  • Fascism is a political philosophy in which total power is given to a _______________ and individual freedoms are denied

  • Dictator

Rise of Fascism

  • Fascist dictators included:

    • 1. Adolph Hitler (Germany)

2. Benito Mussolini (Italy)

3. Hideki Tojo (Japan)

● These fascist dictators led the countries that became known as the _______ Powers


The Allies

  • Democratic nations (The United States, Great Britain, ______________) were known as the ____________.

    • Canada

    • Allies

  • The Soviet Union joined the Allies after being invaded by ______________

    • Germany


  • Franklin D. Roosevelt (United States at the beginning of the war)


  • Harry S. Truman (United States at the end of the war)


  • Winston Churchill (Great Britain)


  • Joseph Stalin (Soviet Union)

Change in American Policy

  • ______________ (Great Depression, Legacy of WWI)

  • Neutrality/Isolationism

Change in American Policy

  • Economic aid to _______________

  • Allies

Change in American Policy

  • Direct Involvement in the war

War In the Pacific

  • Rising tension developed between the U.S. and Japan because of Japanese aggression in___________

  • East Asia

War In the Pacific

  • On December 7, 1941, Japan attacked the U.S. at _________________

  • Pearl Harbor without warning

War In the Pacific

  • The U.S. Declared war on _______________

  • Japan

  • Who declared war on the U.S?

  • Germany

USII – 7b

  • Despite initial Axis success in both Europe and the Pacific, the Allies persevered and ultimately defeated Germany and Japan.

  • The Holocaust is an example of extreme prejudice and discrimination taken to the extreme.

Germany invaded __________ setting of war in Europe.


The Soviet Union also invaded Poland and the Baltic Nations



  • Germany invaded France, capturing ______________

  • Paris


  • Germany bombed London and the ______ _____________ began

  • Battle of Britain


  • The United States gave ____________ war supplies and old naval warships in return for military bases in Bermuda and the _____________

  • Britain

  • Caribbean


  • Germany invaded the _________________

  • Soviet Union


  • After Japan bombed Pearl Harbor, ________ declared war on the United States

  • Germany


  • The Soviet Union defeated Germany at _____________, marking the turning point of the war in Eastern Europe

  • Stalingrad


  • American and Allied troops landed in __________, on D-Day to begin the liberation of Western Europe

  • Normandy, France


  • ____________ bombed Pearl Harbor

  • Japan


  • The U.S. declared war on __________, (and _______________).

  • Japan

  • Germany


  • The United States was victorious over Japan in the ________________. This victory was the turning point of the war in the Pacific.

  • Battle of Midway


  • A. The United States dropped 2 atomic bombs on Japan, (_______________ and _______________) in 1945, forcing Japan to surrender and ending WWII.

  • Hiroshima

  • Nagasaki


  • _______________ is attitudes or actions against Jewish people

  • Anti-Semitism


  • _________ Supremacy is the belief that the blonde hair, blue eyed, white race is above everyone else

  • Aryan


  • Systematic attempt to rid Europe of all the __________.

  • Jews

The Germans could use the following tactics against the Jews:

  • ____________of Jewish stores

  • Boycott

  • Threats

  • ____________

  • segregation

  • Imprisonment and killing of Jews and others in _________ _________________

  • Concentration Camps

  • Liberation by ________ of Jews and others in concentration camps

  • Allied forces

USII – 7c

  • WWII affected every aspect of American life

  • Americans were asked to make sacrifices in support of the war effort and the ideas for which we fought.

Home Front

  • American involvement in WWII brought an end to the __________________. Factories and workers were needed to produce goods to win the war.

  • Great Depression

Home Front

  • Thousands of American women took jobs in defense plants during the war (e.g., ____________).

  • Rosie the Riveter

Home Front

  • Americans at home supported the war by conserving and rationing __________

  • Resources

Home Front

  • The need for more workers temporarily broke down some ____________ barriers (e.g., hiring in defense plants) although discrimination against ________________still continued.

  • Racial

  • African Americans

Home Front

  • While many Japanese Americans served in the armed forces, others were treated with distrust and prejudice, and many were forced into _______________.

  • Internment Camps


  • Despite initial Axis success in both Europe and the Pacific, the Allies persevered and ultimately defeated ________ and _________.

  • Germany

  • Japan

  • Who were the Allies?

  • U.S., Great Britain, Canada, and the Soviet Union

  • The _____________ is an example of prejudice and discrimination taken to the extreme.

  • Holocaust

  • WWII affected every aspect of ____________.

  • American Life

  • Americans were asked to make ____________ in support of the war effort and the ideas for which we fought.

  • Sacrifices

What is…?

  • Anti-Semitism –

    • Hostility toward or prejudice against Jews or Judaism

  • Aryan Supremacy –

    • The belief that the Aryan race (Caucasian, Blonde-hair, blue-eyed Northern Europeans) are better than other human races (especially, in regards to the Jewish race).

  • Boycott –

    • to abstain from buying or using

Where is/are…?

  • Hiroshima and Nagasaki –

    • Cities in Japan

  • Midway –

    • Island in the Pacific between Hawaii and Japan

  • Normandy –

    • City located on the northern coast (beaches) of France

USII – 8a

  • Learning from the mistakes of the past, the United States accepted its role as a world superpower, helping to rebuild Europe and Japan and taking the leading role in establishing the United Nations

United States Role as a World Leader

  • Much of Europe was in ruins following World War II. ________________ occupied most of Eastern and Central Europe and the eastern portion of _______________.

  • The Soviet Union

  • Germany

  • The U.S. felt it was in its best interest to rebuild ______________ and prevent political and economic instability.

  • Europe

Rebuilding Efforts

  • The U.S. instituted George C. Marshall’s plan to rebuild Europe (the ______________), which provided massive financial aid to rebuild European economies and prevent the spread of communism.

  • Marshall Plan

Germany was partitioned into East and West Germany

  • West Germany became ____________ and resumed self government after a few years of American, _______, and _______ occupation.

  • Democratic

  • British

  • French

Germany was partitioned into East and West Germany

  • East Germany remained under the domination of the ______________ and did not adopt democratic institutions

  • Soviet Union

Rebuilding Japan

  • Following its defeat, Japan was occupied by ___________ forces.

  • American

  • It soon adopted a _____________ form of government, resumed self government, and became a strong ally of the _______________.

  • Democratic

  • United States

Establishment of the United Nations

  • The United Nations was formed near the end of WWII to ____________ ___________________.

  • Prevent future global wars

Reasons for Rapid Growth of American Economy After WWII

  • With ________of consumer goods over, business converted from production of ___ __________ to consumer good

    • Rationing

    • War Materials

  • Americans purchased goods on_________.

    • Credit

  • The workforce shifted back to men, and most women returned to ______ responsibilities

    • Family

  • Labor unions ________and became more powerful; workers gained new benefits and higher salaries.

    • Merged

  • As economic opportunity continued and technology boomed, the next generation of ________entered the workforce in large numbers.

    • Women

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