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USII – 6a. Technology extended progress into all areas of American life, including neglected rural areas. Improved Transportation (The Automobile) Led to:. Greater __________: Mobility. Creation of _______: Jobs Henry Fords assembly line.

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usii 6a
USII – 6a
  • Technology extended progress into all areas of American life, including neglected rural areas.
improved transportation the automobile led to
Improved Transportation (The Automobile) Led to:
  • Greater __________:
  • Mobility
  • Creation of _______:
  • Jobs
    • Henry Fords assembly line
slide3

Growth of transportation - related industries (road construction, oil, steel, automobile)

  • Movement to ________ areas
  • Suburban
communication changes
Communication Changes
  • Increased availability of ______________
  • Telephones
  • Development of the radio (role of _______) and broadcast industry (role of ___________)
  • Guglielmo Marconi
  • David Sarnoff
  • Development of the movies
electrification
Electrification
  • Labor-saving products (e.g.,_______, electric stoves,_______pumps)
  • Washing Machines
  • Water
electrification1
Electrification
  • Electric _________
  • Lighting
  • Entertainment (e.g.,________)
  • Radio
usi 6b
USI – 6b
  • Reforms in the early 20th century could not legislate how people behaved.
  • Economic conditions and violence led to the migration of people.
prohibition
Prohibition
  • Prohibition was imposed by a _____________ ______________ that made it illegal to manufacture, transport, and sell alcoholic beverages.
  • Constitutional Amendment
as a result
As a result:
  • Speakeasies were created as places for people to drink ______ ___________________
  • Alcoholic beverages
  • _________________ smuggled illegal alcohol and promoted organized crime
  • Bootleggers
  • Prohibition was repealed by the ______ Amendment.
  • 21st
the great migration north
The Great Migration North
  • Jobs for ________________in the South were scarce and low paying.
  • African Americans
  • African Americans faced discrimination and violence in the__________.
  • South
  • African Americans moved to northern cities in search of better_____________________.
  • Employment Opportunities
  • African Americans also faced discrimination and violence in the_________.
  • North
usii 6c
USII – 6c
  • The 1920’s and 1930’s were important decades for American art, literature and music.
literature1
A novelist who portrayed the strength of poor migrant workers during the 1930’s-

John Steinbeck

Literature
the harlem renaissance
TheHarlem Renaissance
  • Harlem - is a neighborhood in the New York City borough of Manhattan, long known as a major African American cultural and business center.
  • Renaissance - A revival of intellectual or artistic achievement and vigor
harlem renaissance
Harlem Renaissance
  • The Harlem Renaissance was a period of African American artistic achievement during the 1920’s and 1930’s in Harlem, New York
slide20
Painterwho chronicled the experiences of the Great Migration North through art –

Jacob Lawrence

music1
Famous jazz composers

Duke Ellington

Louis Armstrong

Blues singer –

Bessie Smith

Music
usii 6d
USII – 6d
  • The optimism of the 1920’s concealed problems in the American economic system and attitudes about the role of government in controlling the economy
  • The Great Depression had a widespread and severe impact on American life.
causes of the great depression
People _________on stocks, using borrowed money that they could not repay when stock prices crashed.

Overspeculated

SPECULATION-putting money in a high risk investment with the hope of making a profit

Causes of the Great Depression
slide25
The ___________failed to protect the banking system

Federal Reserve

FEDERAL RESERVE– the central banking system of the U.S.

slide26
High _______ strangled international trade

Tariffs

TARIFF - is a tax imposed on goods when they are moved across a political boundary

slide29
Large numbers of people were hungry and___________

Homeless

Lived in Hoovervilleswhich were cardboard or wooden shacks

major features of the new deal
Major Features of the New Deal
  • The New Deal was developed by President Roosevelt
slide32

_____________was a program in the New Deal that still exists and gives money to the elderly/retired, unemployed, and disabled

  • Social Security
slide34

___________________ improvement programs, such as the TVA, which built 49 dams in 7 states to produce hydroelectric power.

  • Environmental
the new deal
The New Deal
  • The New Deal was ____________plan to use government programs to help the nation recover from The _________________
  • FDR’s
  • Great Depression
usii 7a world war ii
USII – 7a: World War II
  • Political and economic conditions in Europe following WWI led to the rise of __________ and to WWII.
  • Fascism
  • The rise of fascism threatened peace in Europe and __________.
  • Asia
  • As conflict grew in Europe and Asia, American foreign policy evolved from ____________ to direct involvement.
  • Neutrality/Isolationism
1 causes of world war ii
1. Causes of World War II
  • A. Political instability and economic devastation in Europe resulting from WWI
    • 1. Worldwide
      • Depression
    • 2. High war debt owed by
      • Germany
    • 3. High
      • Inflation
    • 4. Massive
      • Unemployment
slide40

Rise of Fascism

  • Fascism is a political philosophy in which total power is given to a _______________ and individual freedoms are denied
  • Dictator
rise of fascism
Rise of Fascism
  • Fascist dictators included:
    • 1. Adolph Hitler (Germany)
3 hideki tojo japan
3. Hideki Tojo (Japan)

● These fascist dictators led the countries that became known as the _______ Powers

Axis

the allies
The Allies
  • Democratic nations (The United States, Great Britain, ______________) were known as the ____________.
    • Canada
    • Allies
  • The Soviet Union joined the Allies after being invaded by ______________
    • Germany
allies
Allies
  • Franklin D. Roosevelt (United States at the beginning of the war)
allies1
Allies
  • Harry S. Truman (United States at the end of the war)
allies2
Allies
  • Winston Churchill (Great Britain)
allies3
Allies
  • Joseph Stalin (Soviet Union)
change in american policy
Change in American Policy
  • ______________ (Great Depression, Legacy of WWI)
  • Neutrality/Isolationism
change in american policy1
Change in American Policy
  • Economic aid to _______________
  • Allies
change in american policy2
Change in American Policy
  • Direct Involvement in the war
war in the pacific
War In the Pacific
  • Rising tension developed between the U.S. and Japan because of Japanese aggression in___________
  • East Asia
war in the pacific1
War In the Pacific
  • On December 7, 1941, Japan attacked the U.S. at _________________
  • Pearl Harbor without warning
war in the pacific2
War In the Pacific
  • The U.S. Declared war on _______________
  • Japan
  • Who declared war on the U.S?
  • Germany
usii 7b
USII – 7b
  • Despite initial Axis success in both Europe and the Pacific, the Allies persevered and ultimately defeated Germany and Japan.
  • The Holocaust is an example of extreme prejudice and discrimination taken to the extreme.
europe
Germany invaded __________ setting of war in Europe.

Poland

The Soviet Union also invaded Poland and the Baltic Nations

Europe
europe1
Europe
  • Germany invaded France, capturing ______________
  • Paris
europe2
Europe
  • Germany bombed London and the ______ _____________ began
  • Battle of Britain
europe3
Europe
  • The United States gave ____________ war supplies and old naval warships in return for military bases in Bermuda and the _____________
  • Britain
  • Caribbean
europe4
Europe
  • Germany invaded the _________________
  • Soviet Union
europe5
Europe
  • After Japan bombed Pearl Harbor, ________ declared war on the United States
  • Germany
europe6
Europe
  • The Soviet Union defeated Germany at _____________, marking the turning point of the war in Eastern Europe
  • Stalingrad
europe7
Europe
  • American and Allied troops landed in __________, on D-Day to begin the liberation of Western Europe
  • Normandy, France
pacific
Pacific
  • ____________ bombed Pearl Harbor
  • Japan
pacific1
Pacific
  • The U.S. declared war on __________, (and _______________).
  • Japan
  • Germany
pacific2
Pacific
  • The United States was victorious over Japan in the ________________. This victory was the turning point of the war in the Pacific.
  • Battle of Midway
pacific3
Pacific
  • A. The United States dropped 2 atomic bombs on Japan, (_______________ and _______________) in 1945, forcing Japan to surrender and ending WWII.
  • Hiroshima
  • Nagasaki
holocaust
Holocaust
  • _______________ is attitudes or actions against Jewish people
  • Anti-Semitism
holocaust1
Holocaust
  • _________ Supremacy is the belief that the blonde hair, blue eyed, white race is above everyone else
  • Aryan
holocaust2
Holocaust
  • Systematic attempt to rid Europe of all the __________.
  • Jews
the germans could use the following tactics against the jews
The Germans could use the following tactics against the Jews:
  • ____________of Jewish stores
  • Boycott
  • Threats
  • ____________
  • segregation
  • Imprisonment and killing of Jews and others in _________ _________________
  • Concentration Camps
  • Liberation by ________ of Jews and others in concentration camps
  • Allied forces
usii 7c
USII – 7c
  • WWII affected every aspect of American life
  • Americans were asked to make sacrifices in support of the war effort and the ideas for which we fought.
home front
Home Front
  • American involvement in WWII brought an end to the __________________. Factories and workers were needed to produce goods to win the war.
  • Great Depression
home front1
Home Front
  • Thousands of American women took jobs in defense plants during the war (e.g., ____________).
  • Rosie the Riveter
home front2
Home Front
  • Americans at home supported the war by conserving and rationing __________
  • Resources
home front3
Home Front
  • The need for more workers temporarily broke down some ____________ barriers (e.g., hiring in defense plants) although discrimination against ________________still continued.
  • Racial
  • African Americans
home front4
Home Front
  • While many Japanese Americans served in the armed forces, others were treated with distrust and prejudice, and many were forced into _______________.
  • Internment Camps
review
Review
  • Despite initial Axis success in both Europe and the Pacific, the Allies persevered and ultimately defeated ________ and _________.
  • Germany
  • Japan
  • Who were the Allies?
  • U.S., Great Britain, Canada, and the Soviet Union
  • The _____________ is an example of prejudice and discrimination taken to the extreme.
  • Holocaust
  • WWII affected every aspect of ____________.
  • American Life
  • Americans were asked to make ____________ in support of the war effort and the ideas for which we fought.
  • Sacrifices
what is
What is…?
  • Anti-Semitism –
    • Hostility toward or prejudice against Jews or Judaism
  • Aryan Supremacy –
    • The belief that the Aryan race (Caucasian, Blonde-hair, blue-eyed Northern Europeans) are better than other human races (especially, in regards to the Jewish race).
  • Boycott –
    • to abstain from buying or using
where is are
Where is/are…?
  • Hiroshima and Nagasaki –
    • Cities in Japan
  • Midway –
    • Island in the Pacific between Hawaii and Japan
  • Normandy –
    • City located on the northern coast (beaches) of France
usii 8a
USII – 8a
  • Learning from the mistakes of the past, the United States accepted its role as a world superpower, helping to rebuild Europe and Japan and taking the leading role in establishing the United Nations
united states role as a world leader
United States Role as a World Leader
  • Much of Europe was in ruins following World War II. ________________ occupied most of Eastern and Central Europe and the eastern portion of _______________.
  • The Soviet Union
  • Germany
  • The U.S. felt it was in its best interest to rebuild ______________ and prevent political and economic instability.
  • Europe
rebuilding efforts
Rebuilding Efforts
  • The U.S. instituted George C. Marshall’s plan to rebuild Europe (the ______________), which provided massive financial aid to rebuild European economies and prevent the spread of communism.
  • Marshall Plan
germany was partitioned into east and west germany
Germany was partitioned into East and West Germany
  • West Germany became ____________ and resumed self government after a few years of American, _______, and _______ occupation.
  • Democratic
  • British
  • French
germany was partitioned into east and west germany1
Germany was partitioned into East and West Germany
  • East Germany remained under the domination of the ______________ and did not adopt democratic institutions
  • Soviet Union
rebuilding japan
Rebuilding Japan
  • Following its defeat, Japan was occupied by ___________ forces.
  • American
  • It soon adopted a _____________ form of government, resumed self government, and became a strong ally of the _______________.
  • Democratic
  • United States
establishment of the united nations
Establishment of the United Nations
  • The United Nations was formed near the end of WWII to ____________ ___________________.
  • Prevent future global wars
reasons for rapid growth of american economy after wwii
Reasons for Rapid Growth of American Economy After WWII
  • With ________of consumer goods over, business converted from production of ___ __________ to consumer good
    • Rationing
    • War Materials
slide89

Americans purchased goods on_________.

    • Credit
  • The workforce shifted back to men, and most women returned to ______ responsibilities
    • Family
slide90

Labor unions ________and became more powerful; workers gained new benefits and higher salaries.

    • Merged
  • As economic opportunity continued and technology boomed, the next generation of ________entered the workforce in large numbers.
    • Women