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On the Shape of Development Partnerships to Come?. Paul Dufour Senior Advisor, International Affairs Office of the National Science Advisor Global Forum: Building Science, Technology and Innovation Capacity for Sustainable Growth and Poverty Reduction World Bank Feb. 13-15, 2007

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On the shape of development partnerships to come

On the Shape of Development Partnerships to Come?

Paul Dufour

Senior Advisor, International Affairs

Office of the National Science Advisor

Global Forum: Building Science, Technology and Innovation Capacity for Sustainable Growth and Poverty Reduction

World Bank

Feb. 13-15, 2007

Washington, DC


The world is not flat scientific publications

The World is Not Flat:Scientific Publications

Territory size shows the proportion of all scientific papers published in 2001

written by authors living there.

Source: Worldmapper.com


The world is not flat 2 research and development

The World is Not Flat (2):Research and Development

Territory size shows the proportion of worldwide research and development

spending that is spent there.

Source: Worldmapper.com


Global map of science

Global Map of Science

Source: C. Wagner, 2003


Global knowledge news

Global Knowledge News

  • Egypt to get science and technology “City”

  • China has embraced nanotechnology

  • Joint science projects planned by Jordan and Pakistan

  • Biotechnology roadmap for South Africa unveiled

  • Islamic countries to fund Science Development Network

  • Partnerships could boost biotechnology in Chile

  • Indian science to aid Tanzania

  • Mexico gives go ahead to genomic medicine institute

  • India-UK: towards a new dynamic partnership

  • Argentina and Chile tighten science links

  • African states confirm support for traditional medicine


Bilateral donor support to tanzania

Bilateral Donor Support to Tanzania

Source: Sara Farley-WB


Carnegie group and african science and technology partnerships

Carnegie Group and African Science and Technology Partnerships

  • Growing African expertise around climate change research

  • Engaging G8 outreach countries to encourage south-south capacity building in African S&T

  • NEPAD efforts to develop a science advisory apparatus that will deliver evidence-based policy-making, good governance and industrial development

  • G8 expertise and support to the AU-NEPAD working groups on S&T and innovation indicators and on centres of excellence

  • Identifying ways to influence (1) pan-African, regional and national decision-making in Africa and (2) the development community in an effort to increase domestic and international investment in S&T, respectively

  • Creation of a special meeting of science and development ministers to discuss the African S&T action plan and G8 outreach

  • G8 Finance Ministers flag importance of S&T in the poorest countries at February 9th meeting in Essen


Anatomy of a science for development project

Anatomy of a Science for Development Project

  • Canadian PM suggests target of 5% of national R&D devoted to S&T for development

  • Surveys conducted to assess scope of existing expenditures: 2.8%

  • Exploration undertaken of key science partners with Canada from developing world (56 countries)

  • Links to G8 Agenda and G8 Science Ministers

  • Working group continues to examine means to strengthen domestic capacity with development work


New paradigms for international s t partnerships for development

New Paradigms for International S&T Partnerships for Development

  • An understanding of the value of global partnerships and regional knowledge networks for development: they are more than just good for you.

  • A re-visiting of research excellence and good practice: adjust your expectations and circumstances.

  • A growing multidisciplinarity of research and distributed knowledge networks: the times and places.... they are changing.

  • A need to re-assess strategies of funding and governance mechanisms: lots of room for new institutional change.

  • New global rules are affecting the movement of people, knowledge and technology.

  • The emergence of enabling or transformative technologies and their impacts: pay attention to regulatory science and sustainable development.

  • The growing importance of the society-science interface is being registered globally.


Some key considerations and trends

Some Key Considerations and Trends

  • Regional and global alliances growing (AMCOST, IBSA)

  • New linkages and models of partnerships will be required

  • Experiments in South – South modes

  • Emergence of foundations, prizes and philanthropy (Gates, Pfizer, IDB-Korea)

  • Role of diplomacy not to be overlooked

  • Diasporas key (Brazil, Ethiopia, China, Nigeria, Vietnam)

  • Global Health (GHRI, AMC)

  • Role of science education and outreach critical

  • Media and knowledge for development (scidev)


Lessons learned

Lessons Learned

  • Good to always engage your finance and treasury officials if you want to move S-T&I

  • Need to ensure common language between development agencies and domestic research agencies

  • Ensure communications of benefits to all. Imbed S-T&I in key national priorities

  • Find some champions


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