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AIM/Material Model Application to India and Japan. Ashish RANA National Institute for Environmental Studies Session 7: Asia-Pacific Integrated Model (AIM): Applications / Case Studies APEIS Capacity Building Workshop on Integrated Environment Assessment in the Asia Pacific Region

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Aim material model application to india and japan

AIM/Material ModelApplication to India and Japan

Ashish RANA

National Institute for Environmental Studies

Session 7: Asia-Pacific Integrated Model (AIM):

Applications / Case Studies

APEIS Capacity Building Workshop on

Integrated Environment Assessment in the Asia Pacific Region

October 24-26, 2002

Hotel Grand Inter-Continental, New Delhi, India


Coverage in this workshop

Coverage in this workshop

  • Summary (Session 4)

    For understanding AIM/Material model

    • What is AIM/Material model?

    • Model formulation

    • Necessary data for simulation

    • Future scenario

  • Training (Session 5)

    • Operation of AIM/Material model

  • Application (This session)

    • Application of AIM/Material model to India and Japan


Application of aim material model

Application of AIM/Material model

  • Model

    • Basic economic structure is the same as the training model

    • The differences are as follows;

      • Disaggregate the environmental industry

      • More detailed solid waste type

      • Three types of waste treatment: direct final disposal, direct reuse, and intermediate treatment.


Overview of complex model

Overview of complex model

Government

Tax, subsidy,

public service, and

public investment

Household

Final consumption

Resource input

Market

Reuse

Production

sector

Solid

waste

Waste

management

Intermediate

treatment

Investment

Disposal

Env.

industry

Final disposal site

CO2

Other inter-

mediate input

Capital

Labor

Energy

Pollution

Resource input

Environmental Investment


Application of aim material model1

Application of AIM/Material model

  • Application to India

    • simulation of toxic waste reduction

    • simulation of mitigation of economic impact by introducing countermeasures

  • Application to Japan

    • simulation of CO2 reduction (Kyoto target)

    • simulation of final disposal of solid waste

    • simulation of mitigation of economic impact by introducing countermeasures


Sectors of aim material india

- Application of AIM/Material to India -

Sectors of AIM/Material [India]


Waste categories of aim material india

- Application of AIM/Material to India -

Waste categories of AIM/Material [India]

Left column represents industrial waste classification.

Right column represents both industrial and municipal

waste classification.


Waste to goods in aim material india

- Application of AIM/Material to India -

Waste to goods in AIM/Material [India]


Scenarios for policy analysis using aim material india

- Application of AIM/Material to India -

Scenarios for policy analysisusing AIM/Material [India]

  • Scenario 1

    • Reference scenario – no interventions

  • Scenario 2

    • Toxic Constraint Scenario – limit the discharge of toxic wastes.

  • Scenario 3

    • Countermeasures – environmental investment with waste management efficiency improvement


Gdp change of reference case

- Application of AIM/Material to India -

GDP change of reference case


Trajectory of final disposal waste

- Application of AIM/Material to India -

Trajectory of final disposal waste


Gdp change due to toxic waste constraint and gdp mitigation by introduction of policy

- Application of AIM/Material to India -

Year

2009

2010

0

-1

-2

(Constant 1993-94 prices)

Rs. billion

-3

toxic waste constraint

without policy

-4

toxic waste constraint with

-5

policy

-6

GDP change due to toxic waste constraintand GDP mitigation by introduction of policy


Output changes in each sector in 2010 over reference case

- Application of AIM/Material to India -

Output changes in each sectorin 2010 over reference case


Example of aim material model

Example of AIM/Material Model

  • Application to India

    • simulation of toxic waste reduction

    • simulation of mitigation of economic impact by introducing countermeasures

  • Application to Japan

    • simulation of CO2 reduction (Kyoto target)

    • simulation of final disposal of solid waste

    • simulation of mitigation of economic impact by introducing countermeasures


Sectors and commodities of aim material japan

- Application of AIM/Material to Japan -

Sectors and commodities of AIM/Material [Japan]


Classification of solid waste in aim material japan

- Application of AIM/Material to Japan -

Classification of solid waste in AIM/Material [Japan]

Yellow cells represent both industrial waste and municipal waste

classification.

White cells represent industrial waste classification.


Gdp change of japan in reference case

- Application of AIM/Material to Japan -

GDP change of Japanin reference case


Gdp loss due to co2 reduction final disposal reduction of wastes

- Application of AIM/Material to Japan -

GDP loss due to CO2 reduction& final disposal reduction of wastes

GDP loss

0.2% of GDP


Mitigation of gdp loss by various countermeasures

- Application of AIM/Material to Japan -

Mitigation of GDP loss byvarious countermeasures

GDP loss

Mitigation by green consumption

Mitigation by subsidy to waste treatment

Mitigation by technology improvement

Mitigation by env. industry & investment


Future activities

Future activities

  • Application of AIM/Material to other countries

  • Simulation of other countermeasures

  • Linkage to AIM/Emission and AIM/CGE

  • Including other environments such as natural assets


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