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New Horizon College English. Unit 5 Section B. Roommate Conflicts. 新 视 野. Reading Skills. Exercises. Test Yourself. Text B. Dictation Multiple Choice. Unit 5 Section B Directory. Recognizing Paragraph Patterns (II). Comprehension Guide Language Points. Practice.

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New Horizon College English

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New horizon college english

New Horizon College English

Unit 5 Section B

Roommate Conflicts

新视野


New horizon college english

Reading Skills

Exercises

Test Yourself

Text B

Dictation

Multiple Choice

Unit 5 Section B Directory

Recognizing Paragraph Patterns (II)

Comprehension Guide

Language Points

Practice

Blank-filling with New Words

Sentence-rewriting with Given Expressions


New horizon college english

Ⅰ. Reading Skills: Recognizing Paragraph Patterns (II)

Recognizing Paragraph Patterns is a high-level reading skill with some difficulties but the students using New Horizon College English will feel quite comfortable when dealing with this particular reading skill. From Unit 1, Book 1 up to now, we have made an analysis of 35 passages dealing with the structure of the text. 


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Ⅰ. Reading Skills: Recognizing Paragraph Patterns (II)

In the last unit we saw that paragraph information often appears in patterns that can be recognized or analyzed. Paragraph ideas and information are put together so that we can see them related to each other in certain patterns.This kind of skills is important for us to get a better understanding of the passage we read but it is also crucial for us to make sensible or reasonable predictions as to what is to follow next.


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Ⅰ. Reading Skills: Recognizing Paragraph Patterns (II)

In this unit we will have more practice in recognizing and analyzing paragraph patterns, especially the patterns that we did not cover in our last unit.    Here are some examples from passage A, Unit 5.


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Ⅰ. Reading Skills: Recognizing Paragraph Patterns (II)

Example 1:     Loneliness may be a sort of national disease here, and it’s more embarrassing for us to admit than any other sin. On the other hand, to be alone on purpose, having rejected company rather than been cast out by it, is one characteristic of an American hero. The solitary hunter or explorer needs no one as they venture out among the deer and wolves to tame the great wild areas. Thoreau, alone in his cabin on the pond, his back deliberately turned to the town. Now, that’s character for you. (Para. 2, Passage A, Unit 5)


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Ⅰ. Reading Skills: Recognizing Paragraph Patterns (II)

In the above paragraph, we can see clearly a structure of comparison again. The author is trying to make a comparison and contrast between solitude being taken as a national disease and as a characteristic of an American hero. On the one hand, the author states clearly that loneliness may be a sort of national disease. But on the other hand, the author continues to state that loneliness is one characteristic of an American hero with supporting examples.


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Ⅰ. Reading Skills: Recognizing Paragraph Patterns (II)

Example 2:     Read the first sentence in Paragraph 11, Passage A, Unit 5 and make a prediction about what will come next.    If you live with other people, their temporary absence can be refreshing. (Para. 11, Passage A, Unit 5)    Possible predictions: the advantages of living with other people; the advantages of living with other people especially during their temporary absence; the advantages of living alone. 


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Ⅰ. Reading Skills: Recognizing Paragraph Patterns (II)

Now to make the right prediction, we have to read on:     Solitude will end on Thursday. If today I use a singular personal pronoun to refer to myself, next week I will use the plural form. While the others are absent you can stretch out your soul until it fills up the whole room, and use your freedom, coming and going as you please without apology, staying up late to read, soaking in the bath, eating a whole pint of ice cream at one sitting, moving at your own pace.


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Ⅰ. Reading Skills: Recognizing Paragraph Patterns (II)

Those absent will be back. Their waterproof winter coats are in the closet and the dog keeps watching for them at the window. (Para. 11, Passage A, Unit 5)Then you would find that the right prediction was: the advantages of living with other people during their temporary absence.


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Ⅰ. Reading Skills: Recognizing Paragraph Patterns (II)

Then continue your reading:     But when you live alone, the temporary absence of your friends and acquaintances leaves a vacuum; they may never come back. (Para. 11, Passage A, Unit 5)The word “But” is a clear word of transition, which predicts what is to follow is different from the previous.     Then we can come to a conclusion that the paragraph is one of comparison between people who live with other people even though with a temporary absence and people who live alone.


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Ⅰ. Reading Skills: Recognizing Paragraph Patterns (II)

In the paragraph we find some important tips for understanding comparison and contrast: on the other hand.     In a structure of comparison and contrast we often find out some important words that help us identify the paragraph pattern.    Words that point to ideas or things that differ are: but, on the other hand, still, although, in contrast, in spite of, however, yet, even so, nevertheless, conversely, nonetheless, etc.


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Ⅰ. Reading Skills: Recognizing Paragraph Patterns (II)

Words that point to similar or like ideas or things are: similarly, in addition, in the same way, also, further, likewise, etc.    Of course there are a number of key words that we can look for when we come across basic structures of a text such as Cause and Effect, Time Sequence, a Set of Sequential Actions, a General Point Supported by Details/Examples/a List of Things, a Problem-solution Pattern, etc.


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Reading Skills: Practice

XV.Read the following paragraphs from Passage B and answer the questions.

1. Sarah’s ability to solve her dilemma by rooming with her identical twin is unusual, but the conflict she faced is not. Despite extensive efforts by many schools to make good roommate matches, unsatisfactory outcomes are common. One roommate is always cold, while the other never wants to turn up the furnace, even though the thermometer says it’s minus five outside.


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Reading Skills: Practice

One person likes quiet, while the other person spends two hours a day practicing the trumpet, or turns up his sound system to the point where the whole room vibrates. One eats only organically produced vegetables and believes all living things are holy, even ants and mosquitoes, while the other likes wearing fur and enjoys cutting up frogs in biology class.


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Reading Skills: Practice

A. What do you think the paragraph is about?

A) Sarah’s ability to solve her dilemma.

B) Sarah’s moving into her identical twin’s

room.

C) The conflict that Sarah faced.

D) The conflict is sharing rooms among

roommates.


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Reading Skills: Practice

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B. How does the author support the main idea?

Key: The author makes a lot of comparisons between different needs, different hobbies and different beliefs to bring out the main idea that the conflicts among roommates are not uncommon.


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Reading Skills: Practice

C. What is the structure of the paragraph? Which word gives the hint about the pattern you recognized?

Key: It is a general statement supported by comparisons and contrasts. The word is “while”, which appeared three times.


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Reading Skills: Practice

2. In extreme cases, roommate conflict can lead to serious violence, as it did at Harvard last spring: One student killed her roommate before committing suicide. Many schools have started conflict resolution programs to calm tensions that otherwise can build up like a volcano preparing to explode, ultimately resulting in physical violence. Some colleges have resorted to “roommate contracts” that all new students fill out and sign after attending a seminar on roommate relations.


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Reading Skills: Practice

Students detail behavioral guidelines for their room, including acceptable hours for study and sleep, a policy for use of each other’s possessions and how messages will be handled. Although the contracts are not binding and will never go to a jury, copies are given to the floor’s residential adviser in case conflicts later arise. “The contract gives us permission to talk about issues which students forget or are afraid to talk about,” says the director of residential programs.


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Reading Skills: Practice

A. What do you think the paragraph is about?

A) Roommate conflict can lead to serious

violence.

B) One student killed her roommate before

committing suicide.

C) Roommate conflict is like a volcano

preparing to explode, ultimately resulting

in physical violence.

D) Many schools have started conflict

resolution programs to deal with

roommate conflicts.


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Reading Skills: Practice

B. How does the writer organize his ideas?

Key: The writer starts with identifying the problem: roommate conflict can lead to serious violence with an example presented. Then he offers some solutions: conflict resolution programs to calm tensions with details specified. And at last he evaluates the conflict resolution programs: Though roommate contracts or behavioral guidelines are not legal documents, these would at least give the school permission to talk about the issues with the students.


New horizon college english

Reading Skills: Practice

C. What is the structure of the paragraph?

Key: A general statement supported by a problem-solution-evaluation pattern.


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Ⅱ. Text B: Comprehension Guide & Language Points

Text B

Question Previewing

New Words

Passage Reading

True or False


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Ⅱ. Text B: Comprehension Guide & Language Points

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  • Phrases and

  • Expressions

  • strike out

  • get along

  • with

  • war over

  • range from

  • sth. to sth.

  • turn off

  • give up on

  • before long

  • turn up

  • cut up

  • end up

  • spring from

  • tear apart

  • resort to

  • in case

  • head off

  • on the basis of

  • fill in

  • sum up

  • against all (the)

  • odds

  • fur

  • frog

  • stale

  • depression

  • tolerate

  • under-

  • graduate

  • disk

  • saw

  • abstract

  • volcano

  • resort

  • jury

  • Proper Names

  • Katie Monahan

  • Sarah Monahan

  • Pennsylvania

  • Gettysburg

  • College

  • Julie Noel

  • Ohio

  • Harvard

  • Alan Sussman

  • dorm

  • oral

  • furnace

  • thermo-

  • meter

  • minus

  • trumpet

  • vibrate

  • organic

  • organically

  • holy

  • ant

  • mosquito

  • nevertheless

  • disorder

  • selection

  • exclaim

  • chess

  • paw

  • postage

  • chew

  • chip

  • slap


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Text B: Comprehension Guide & Language Points

Q: 1. When Katie and her identical twin Sarah entered the university, they were arranged to live in the same room.

Q: 2. Differences in the personalities of the students sharing the same room will affect negatively their university life.

Q: 3. Roommate contracts give the residential adviser the right to supervise and urge the students to observe the terms they’ve agreed to follow.


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Text B: Comprehension Guide & Language Points

Q: 4. Once any student violates the terms of the contract, a jury would be called to solve the problem.

Q: 5. Computerized matching is a random (任意的) selection without any reasonable basis.

Q: 6. Parents would like to minimize (使降至到最低限度) their children’s bad habits and impose their own wishes on their children.


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Text B: Comprehension Guide & Language Points

Q: 7. How to match the students becomes a headache for housing workers as they are not sure about the style of university life that suits the students best.

Q: 8. Learning to adapt oneself to a person of a different type of personality is always fruitless.


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请选择

Ⅱ. Text B: Comprehension Guide & Language Points

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Question 1

Roommate Conflicts

Para.1Identical twins Katie and Sarah Monahan arrived at Pennsylvania’s Gettysburg College last year determined to strike out on independent paths. Although the 18-year-old sisters had requested rooms in different dorms, the housing office placed them on the eighth floor of the same building, across the hall from each other. While Katie got along with her roommate, Sarah was miserable. She and her roommate silently warred over matters ranging from when the lights should be turned off to how the furniture should be arranged. Finally, they divided the room in two and gave up on oral communication, communicating primarily through short notes.

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Ⅱ. Text B: Comprehension Guide & Language Points

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Para.2 During this time, Sarah kept running across the hall to seek comfort from Katie. Before long, the two wanted to live together again. Sarah’s roommate eventually agreed to move out. “From the first night we lived together again, we felt so comfortable,” says Sarah. “We felt like we were back home.”

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Ⅱ. Text B: Comprehension Guide & Language Points

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Para.3aSarah’s ability to solve her dilemma by rooming with her identical twin is unusual, but the conflict she faced is not. Despite extensive efforts by many schools to make good roommate matches, unsatisfactory outcomes are common. One roommate is always cold, while the other never wants to turn up the furnace, even though the thermometer says it’s minus five outside.

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Ⅱ. Text B: Comprehension Guide & Language Points

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Para.3bOne person likes quiet, while the other person spends two hours a day practicing the trumpet, or turns up his sound system to the point where the whole room vibrates. One eats only organically produced vegetables and believes all living things are holy, even ants and mosquitoes, while the other likes wearing fur and enjoys cutting up frogs in biology class.

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Ⅱ. Text B: Comprehension Guide & Language Points

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Question 2

Para.4When personalities don’t mix, the excitement of being away at college can quickly grow stale. Moreover, roommates can affect each other’s psychological health. A recent study reports that depression in college roommates is often passed from one person to another.

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Ⅱ. Text B: Comprehension Guide & Language Points

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Para.5aLearning to tolerate a stranger’s habits may teach undergraduates flexibility and the art of compromise, but the learning process is often painful. Julie Noel, a 21-year-old senior, recalls that she and her freshman year roommate didn’t communicate and were uncomfortable throughout the year.

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Ⅱ. Text B: Comprehension Guide & Language Points

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Para.5b“I kept playing the same disk in my CD player for a whole day once just to test her because she was so timid,” says Noel. “It took her until dinner time to finally change it.” Although they didn’t saw the room in half, near year’s end, the two did end up in a screaming fight. “Looking back, I wish I had talked to her more about how I was feeling,” says Noel.

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Ⅱ. Text B: Comprehension Guide & Language Points

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Para.6Most roommate conflicts spring from such small, irritating differences rather than from grand disputes over abstract philosophical principles. “It’s the specifics that tear roommates apart,” says the assistant director of residential programs at a university in Ohio.

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Ⅱ. Text B: Comprehension Guide & Language Points

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Question 3

Para. 7aIn extreme cases, roommate conflict can lead to serious violence, as it did at Harvard last spring: One student killed her roommate before committing suicide. Many schools have started conflict resolution programs to calm tensions that otherwise can build up like a volcano preparing to explode, ultimately resulting in physical violence. Some colleges have resorted to “roommate contracts” that all new students fill out and sign after attending a seminar on roommate relations.

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请选择

Ⅱ. Text B: Comprehension Guide & Language Points

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Question 4

Para. 7bStudents detail behavioral guidelines for their room, including acceptable hours for study and sleep, a policy for use of each other’s possessions and how messages will be handled. Although the contracts are not binding and will never go to a jury, copies are given to the floor’s residential adviser in case conflicts later arise. “The contract gives us permission to talk about issues which students forget or are afraid to talk about,” says the director of residential programs.

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请选择

Ⅱ. Text B: Comprehension Guide & Language Points

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Question 5

Question 6

Para.8Some schools try to head off feuding before it begins by using computerized matching, a process that nevertheless remains more of a guessing game than a science. Students are put together on the basis of their responses to housing form questions about smoking tolerance, preferred hours of study and sleep, and self-described tendencies toward tidiness or disorder. Parents sometimes weaken the process by taking the forms and filling in false and wishful data about their children’s habits, especially on the smoking question.

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Ⅱ. Text B: Comprehension Guide & Language Points

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Question 7

The matching process is also complicated by a philosophical debate among housing managers concerning the flavor of university life: “Do you put together people who are similar—or different, so they can learn about each other?” A cartoon sums up the way many students feel the process works: Surrounded by a mass of papers, a housing worker picks up two selection forms and exclaims, “Likes chess, likes football; they’re perfect together!”

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Ⅱ. Text B: Comprehension Guide & Language Points

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Question 8

Para.9a Alan Sussman, a second-year student, says, “I think they must have known each of our personalities and picked the opposite,” he recalls. While Sussman was neat and serious about studying, his roommate was messy and liked to party into the early hours of the morning. “I would come into the room and find him pawing through my desk, looking for postage for a letter. Another time, I arrived to find him chewing the last of a batch of chocolate chip cookies my mother had sent me.

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Ⅱ. Text B: Comprehension Guide & Language Points

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Para.9bPeople in the hall were putting up bets as to when we were going to start slapping each other around,” he says. Against all odds, the two ended up being friends. Says Sussman: “We taught each other a lot—but I would never do it again.”

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Ⅱ. Text B: Comprehension Guide & Language Points

Directions:Read the following statements carefully, and decide whether they are true (T) or false (F) according to the text.

Refer to Para. 1

返回

F

Q: 1. _____ When Katie and her identical twin Sarah entered the university, they were arranged to live in the same room.


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Ⅱ. Text B: Comprehension Guide & Language Points

Refer to Para. 4

返回

T

Q: 2. _____ Differences in the personalities of the students sharing the same room will affect negatively their university life.

Refer to Para. 7

返回

T

Q: 3. _____ Roommate contracts give the residential adviser the right to supervise and urge the students to observe the terms they’ve agreed to follow.


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Ⅱ. Text B: Comprehension Guide & Language Points

Refer to Para. 7

返回

F

Q: 4. _____ Once any student violates the terms of the contract, a jury would be called to solve the problem.

Refer to Para. 8

返回

F

Q: 5. _____ Computerized matching is a random (任意的) selection without any reasonable basis.


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Ⅱ. Text B: Comprehension Guide & Language Points

Refer to Para. 8

返回

T

Q: 6. _____ Parents would like to minimize (使降至到最低限度) their children’s bad habits and impose their own wishes on their children.

Refer to Para. 8

返回

T

Q: 7. _____ How to match the students becomes a headache for housing workers as they are not sure about the style of university life that suits the students best.


New horizon college english

Ⅱ. Text B: Comprehension Guide & Language Points

Refer to Para. 9

返回

F

Q: 8. _____ Learning to adapt oneself to a person of a different type of personality is always fruitless.


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Exercises

《读写教程IV》

Ex. XVII, p. 141

《读写教程IV》

Ex. XVIII, p. 141


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Exercises

chew

tolerate

vibrate

jury

stale

abstract

nevertheless

holy

disorder

depression

resort

exclaim

Back

《读写教程IV》Ex. XVII, p. 141

Fill in the blanks with the words given below. Change the form where necessary.

1. Heavy materials like brick and stone do not ____ easily, and therefore soon reduce noise.

vibrate


New horizon college english

Exercises

chew

tolerate

vibrate

jury

stale

abstract

nevertheless

holy

disorder

depression

resort

exclaim

Back

2. All of these festivals were regarded as ____ occasions when all ordinary work stopped.

holy

3. They enjoy each other’s company and are prepared to ____ any inconvenience.

tolerate


New horizon college english

Exercises

chew

tolerate

vibrate

jury

stale

abstract

nevertheless

holy

disorder

depression

resort

exclaim

Back

4. He was given the advice before he took his first job: “Don’t stay in a job for more than ten years, because you’ll get ____.”

stale

5. Hunger, disease and civil ____ would destroy what was left of civilization.

disorder


New horizon college english

Exercises

chew

tolerate

vibrate

jury

stale

abstract

nevertheless

holy

disorder

depression

resort

exclaim

Back

6. If the food is dry and unyielding we automatically ____ it until it becomes comfortable to swallow.

chew

7. It is generally acknowledged that engineering science is an extremely ____ and theoretical science.

abstract


New horizon college english

Exercises

chew

tolerate

vibrate

jury

stale

abstract

nevertheless

holy

disorder

depression

resort

exclaim

Back

8. Susan ____ in horror when a young man suddenly appeared with a gun from her back.

exclaimed


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Exercises

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《读写教程IV》Ex. XVIII, p. 141

Rewrite each of the following sentences using the expressions given in parentheses.

1. When he received the admission notice from the university, he knew it was time he started being independent. (strike out)

When he received the admission notice from the university, he knew it was time he struck out on his own.


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Exercises

Back

2. His roommate always has the CD player at the highest volume, which makes him miserable. (turn up)

His roommate always turns up the CD player to the highest point, which makes him miserable.

3. Every time she tried to argue with her identical twin Katie, she would eventually cry her eyes out. (end up)

Every time she tried to argue with her identical twin Katie, she ended up crying her eyes out.


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Exercises

Back

4. Serious violence has started from the conflict over insignificant, irritating differences. (spring from)

Serious violence has sprung from the conflict over insignificant, irritating differences.

5. There are many people who believe sincerely that you can train children for life without turning to punishment for help. (resort to)

There are many people who believe sincerely that you can train children for life without resorting to punishment.


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Exercises

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6. Alan signed a dorm contract with his roommate to prevent possible conflicts. (head off)

Alan signed a dorm contract with his roommate to head off possible conflicts.

7. He was required to write what is necessary in a form before the job interview. (fill in)

He was required to fill in a form before the job interview.


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Exercises

8. Her husband used to beat her up, which led to the breakup of her marriage. (slap around)

Her husband used to slap her around, which led to the breakup of her marriage.


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Test Yourself

Dictation

Multiple Choice

You are going to hear 5 sentences. Each will be read three times. Write down the sentences according to the dictation.

For each sentence there are four choices marked A), B), C) and D). Choose the ONE answer that best completes the sentence.


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Test Yourself-----Dictation

1. With a student body of approximately 2,400, Gettysburg College is a highly selective four-year residential college of liberal arts and sciences located on a 200-acre campus adjacent to the Gettysburg National Military Park.

Back


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Test Yourself-----Dictation

2. Gettysburg College education blends a rigorous foundation in the sciences, the social sciences, and the humanities with a highly personal atmosphere of challenge and support.

Back


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Test Yourself-----Dictation

3. The United Nations officially came into existence on 24 October 1945, when the UN Charter had been ratified by a majority of the original 51 Member States.

Back


New horizon college english

Test Yourself-----Dictation

4. The purpose of the United Nations is to bring all nations of the world together to work for peace and development, based on the principles of justice, human dignity and the well-being of all people.

Back


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Test Yourself-----Dictation

5. Three years later, I found myself enjoying my relationship with this brilliant man who talks about the yield curve and other financial statistics, who prays when I drive, and who tries bravely to remember the names of the modern artists I adore.

Back


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Test Yourself-----Multiple Choice

Back

1. It took him several months to ____ the wild horse.

A) tend B) cultivate

C) breed D) tame

2. I don’t think it was an accident. He did it on ____.

A) choice B) purpose

C) intention D) design

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Test Yourself-----Multiple Choice

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3. The manager ____ the letter to his secretary, who wrote it down in short hand.

A) passedB) copied

C) dictatedD) declared

4. He was of ____ birth; his parents had no money and lived poorly.

A) humbleB) harsh

C) wicked D) wrecked

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Test Yourself-----Multiple Choice

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5. On the way to school, there was no shelter from the rain, so the students were soaked ____.

A) wetB) to the skin

C) on the skinD) over

6. The smoke from the burning building almost ____ the firemen and forced them to wear masks.

A) blockedB) provoked

C) chokedD) stroked

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Test Yourself-----Multiple Choice

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7. He smiled again with an air of ____ contentment and said, “It’s the first time I’ve ever done what I wanted to do.”

A) supreme B) superficial

C) supplementaryD) superior

8. We might say that ____ has been done when a man’s innocence and guilt has been proved beyond doubt.

A) judgmentB) jury

C) justiceD) wrong

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Test Yourself-----Multiple Choice

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9. He has given all the facts at great ____ so that you may judge for yourself.

A) detailB) extent

C) degree D) length

10. She hasn’t found an apartment yet; she’s staying with her aunt ____.

A) for a long timeB) for the first time

C) for the time beingD) from time to time

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Test Yourself-----Multiple Choice

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11. On receiving sound waves, our eardrums ____ and cause minute electrical signals to be sent to the brain.

A) shiverB) shake

C) vibrateD) tremble

12. Coal and petroleum are called ____ substances, because they are the remains of living things.

A) superbB) organic

C) vigorousD) rotten

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Test Yourself-----Multiple Choice

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13. Preservatives (防腐剂) are added to bread to keep it from getting ____.

A) staticB) stained

C) stableD) stale

14. Here were cycles of industrial prosperity which always collapsed into industrial ____.

A) boomsB) nightmares

C) depressionsD) disadvantages

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Test Yourself-----Multiple Choice

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15. All men or women, young or old, short or tall, should not ____ any form of discrimination, because sooner or later we are all likely to fall victim to this dangerous practice.

A) resistB) sustain

C) undergoD) tolerate

16. Generally, it is only when animals are trapped that they ____ to violence to escape.

A) resortB) appeal

C) proceedD) incline

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Test Yourself-----Multiple Choice

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17. In the end, a ____ of six men and six women deliberated four days and found him guilty of murder.

A) panelB) jury

C) courtD) legislation

18. Although his ____ ideas were difficult to understand, I managed to go through the whole book.

A) abstract B) practical

C) concreteD) superficial

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Test Yourself-----Multiple Choice

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19. During a visit to the Forbidden City, she was heard to ____ “it’s so beautiful” three times.

A) have grasped B) have gripped

C) have claimed D) have exclaimed

20. This meat is rather tough; you have to ____ it for a long time.

A) chew B) bite

C) eatD) swallow

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New horizon college english

Test Yourself-----Multiple Choice

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21. We cannot judge a person simply on the ____ of his education.

A) conditionB) basis

C) principleD) base

22. Don’t let the child play with scissors ______ he cuts himself.

A) only if B) in case

C) now thatD) so that

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New horizon college english

Test Yourself-----Multiple Choice

Back

23. I’d grown ____ of the place and it was difficult to leave.

A) considerateB) accustomed

C) attachedD) fond

24. He had no qualifications; ____, he got the job.

A) butB) neverthelessC) despiteD) instead

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New horizon college english

Test Yourself-----Multiple Choice

Back

25. Don’t forget to ____ the letter before you post it.

A) stickB) fasten

C) sealD) enclose

26. The child got a ____ from his mother for being rude.

A) slipB) strap

C) snapD) slap

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New horizon college english

Test Yourself-----Multiple Choice

Back

27. The bond of true affection had pulled us—six very different men from six very different countries—across Antarctica; we proved in the end that we weren’t very different ____.

A) after allB) as usual

C) in particularD) for all

28. The couple separated because they were not ____.

A) compatibleB) equivalent

C) consistentD) uniform

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New horizon college english

Test Yourself-----Multiple Choice

29. He made several interesting discoveries when he ____ a monkey recently.

A) experimented onB) tried onC) experimented withD) tried with

30. Their specialities ____ from Chinese literature, history and philosophy to law, sciences, and traditional Chinese medicine.

A) alterB) separate

C) rangeD) differ

THE END

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New horizon college english

strike out:make an independent effort 独立闯新路,独立开创

例句

短语

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1. He decided to leave the company to strike out on his own as a writer.

1.他决定离开公司,自己去闯一条写作的新路。

2. At the age of 17 she left her home to strike out on her own.

2. 17岁那年,她离开了家去独立闯天下。


New horizon college english

war over:fight or argue about 因······而打仗,因······而争吵

例句

短语

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1. The natives have been warring over this small piece of land without either side winning.

1.当地人一直在为这一小块地争斗,双方谁都没有赢。

2. The saddest part about a broken marriage is the way the parents so often war over the children.

2. 破裂的婚姻最不幸的一面是父母双方经常就子女的归属争吵不休。


New horizon college english

range from… to…:vary from… to… 在从······到······范围或幅度内变动或变化

短语

例句

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1. Prices range from $25 to $75.

1.价格从25美元至75美元不等。

2. The paper deals with the nation’s problems, ranging from runaway inflation to a lowering of literacy levels.

2. 这篇论文论及国家面临的从失控的通货膨胀到文化程度普遍下降等诸多问题。


New horizon college english

give up on:admit defeat in one’s efforts to affect, harm, change, improve, etc. 对······表示绝望

例句

短语

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1. I give up on you: you’ll never be a qualified nurse.

1.我对你不再抱任何希望,你永远成不了合格的护士。

2. I’ve given up on aerobics. It just wasn’t making any difference to my body.

2. 我已放弃了有氧健身操,它对我的身体没起什么作用。


New horizon college english

vibrate:v. (cause to) shake slightly and quickly in a way that is felt rather than seen or heard 震动,振动,抖动

单词

例句

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1. If I drive my car too fast, the engine starts to vibrate.

1.要是我开车太快了的话,发动机就开始颤抖。

2. Every sound that we hear is making part of our ears vibrate.

2. 我们听到的每个声音都会使我们耳朵的一部分发生振动。


New horizon college english

cut up:cut (sth.) into small pieces 切碎,割碎

例句

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1. Cut up the carrots and put them into the pot.

1.把胡萝卜切碎放入锅内。

2. They cut down the tree and cut it up for firewood.

2. 他们把树木砍倒,并把它劈碎作柴火。


New horizon college english

stale:a.1. no longer interesting or exciting because of having been heard, done, etc. too often before; not new 没有新意的, 过时的 2. (esp. food) no longer fresh and often tasting or smelling unpleasant (食品)不新鲜的, 走味的

例句

单词

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1. You need a break, a change. You’re getting stale here.

1.你需要休息,要换换环境。留在这儿你会觉得越来越乏味。

2. These old peanuts taste stale.

2. 这些陈花生变味了。


New horizon college english

depression:n. 1. the state of being depressed 沮丧, 意志消沉 2. a period in which there is very little business activity and not many jobs 萧条期, 不景气

单词

例句

>>>more

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1. I’m only just beginning to get over the deep depression I felt about losing my job.

1.我刚刚开始摆脱失业带给我的深深沮丧。

2. He was unemployed for many years during the depression of the 1930s.

2. 他在20世纪30年代大萧条时期失业多年。


New horizon college english

构词

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press: 字根,表示“压”

compressv.压缩 expressv. 表达

impress v. 使印象深刻 oppressv. 压迫

repress v. 镇压 suppressv.镇压


New horizon college english

tolerate: v. 1. endure sb. or sth. without complaining; put up with 忍耐 2. allow sth. that one does not like or agree with to happen or continue 容忍

单词

例句

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1. 恐怕我不能容忍我的班里有那种行为。

1. I’m afraid I can’t tolerate that sort of behavior in my class.

2. I can’t tolerate excessive heat.

2. 我耐不住特别高的气温。


New horizon college english

end up:(cause to) reach (an unfavorable end); finish by becoming or by doing sth. 结束,告终

例句

短语

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1. At first they hated each other, but they ended up getting married.

1.一开始他们彼此反感,但最后他们结了婚。

2. If you carries on driving like that, you’ll end up dead.

2. 如果你继续那样开车的话,最后会送命的。


New horizon college english

spring from:have its or one’s origin in (usu. sth.) 源于,从······产生出来

例句

短语

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1. All our errors have sprung from carelessness.

1.我们所有的错误都是由粗心造成的。

2. His desire to study art sprang purely from his love of art.

2. 他想学艺术纯粹出于对艺术的热爱。


New horizon college english

abstract:a. existing as an idea, feeling or quality, not as a material object, or (of an argument, discussion, etc.) general, not based on particular examples 抽象的

例句

单词

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1. Truth and beauty are abstract concepts.

1.真与美是抽象概念。

2. His head’s full of abstract ideas about justice and revolution.

2. 他的头脑里充满了关于正义与革命的抽象想法。


New horizon college english

tear… apart:cause serious arguments in an organization, group, etc. 使······分裂

例句

短语

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1. Racial strife is tearing the country apart.

1.种族冲突使这个国家纷争不断。

2. It was the misunderstanding that tore them apart.

2. 是误解导致了他们的分离。


New horizon college english

resort to:make use of (sth. or doing sth., often sth. unpleasant or unpopular) to gain an advantage, often when everything else has failed凭借,求助,诉诸

短语

例句

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1. If persuasion won’t work, we may have to resort to force.

1.如果说服工作不见效,我们可能只得诉诸武力。

2. Don’t resort to punishment to make a child obey.

2. 不要采用惩罚的方式叫孩子听话。


New horizon college english

jury:n.a group of people who have been chosen to listen to all the facts in a trial in a law court and to decide whether a claim has been proven 陪审团

例句

单词

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1. Several members of the jury wept as they heard how the child was killed.

1.当听到孩子被杀害的经过时,几名陪审团成员落了泪。

2. The jury is/are still out.

2. 陪审团还在考虑他们的判决。


New horizon college english

head off:prevent (sth. unpleasant, or sb. from reaching an unpleasant subject) 阻止,拦住

例句

短语

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1. He will get into trouble if we don’t head him off.

1.如果我们不阻拦他,他会遇到麻烦。

2. We tried our best to head Henry off the topic, because we knew he’d reveal confidential information.

2. 我们尽全力阻止亨利谈这个话题,因为我们知道他会泄密的。


New horizon college english

on the basis of:because of a particular fact or situation 在······基础上,根据······原则

例句

短语

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1. She was given the job on the basis of her qualifications.

1.由于她的资历,她得到了那份工作。

2. It’s dangerous to judge on the basis of first impressions.

2. 根据第一印象做判断是很危险的。


New horizon college english

sum up:give a short account of (sth.); give the main ideas of (sth. written or spoken); repeat the chief facts 总结,概括

例句

短语

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1.在继续做之前我们先来总结一下经验吧。

1. Let’s sum up our experience before going on.

2. I can’t sum up his whole philosophy in one sentence.

2. 我无法用一句话来概括他的全部哲学。


New horizon college english

exclaim:v. say or shout sth. suddenly because of surprise, fear, pleasure, etc.

(由于惊奇、害怕、欢欣等)呼喊,惊叫

单词

例句

返回

1. “你不能这么早离开!” 她叫道。

1. “You can’t leave so early!” she exclaimed.

2. She exclaimed in delight upon hearing the news.

2. 她听到这个消息高兴地欢呼起来。


New horizon college english

slap:v. 1. hit quickly with the flat part of the hand 用巴掌打,拍打 2. move against (a surface) with a sound like a slap 啪啪地撞击,拍击

单词

例句

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1.他掴了她一记耳光。

1. He slapped her across the face.

2. He slapped a sack of cement down.

2. 他砰地一声重重放下一袋水泥。


New horizon college english

against all (the) odds:in spite of the difficulties that would usu. make sth. impossible;very unexpectedly 尽管有极大的困难,出乎意料地

例句

短语

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Against all (the) odds, I finished my work in time.

尽管有极大的困难,我还是按时完成了工作。


New horizon college english

Text B: Comprehension Guide & Language Points

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室友间的冲突

同卵双胞胎卡蒂和萨拉·莫纳汉去年来到宾夕法尼亚的葛底斯堡大学,决心闯出一条独立之路。虽然这对18岁的姐妹曾要求住在不同的宿舍楼,但宿管处还是把她们安排在同一栋楼的第8层,中间只隔着一条过道。卡蒂与室友相处融洽,但萨拉却十分不快。她因许多事情而与室友暗地里不和,诸如什么时候熄灯啦,家具应如何摆放啦,等等。最后她们将房间一分为二,彼此不再讲话,主要通过写便条进行交流。


New horizon college english

Text B: Comprehension Guide & Language Points

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这段时间里,萨拉不断跑到过道对面卡蒂那儿寻求慰藉。不久两人又想住在一起了,而萨拉的室友最终也同意搬出。“从重新一起住的第一晚开始,我就感到舒服,” 萨拉说,“就好像回到家里一样。”


New horizon college english

Text B: Comprehension Guide & Language Points

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萨拉以和同卵双生姐妹同住的办法走出了她的困境,这种办法倒很少见,但她所遇到的冲突却并不罕见。尽管许多学校已做了广泛的努力来为学生安排合适的室友,但常常有不如人意的结果。一位室友感觉很冷,而另一位却往往不想调高暖气温度,尽管气温计上显示室外温度已达零下5度。


New horizon college english

Text B: Comprehension Guide & Language Points

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一个人喜欢安静,而另一个却每天练习两个小时的小号,或将音响开得很大,声音响得连整个房间都振动了。一个只吃天然蔬菜产品,认为所有生物都是神圣的,即使是蚂蚁、蚊子也如此,而另一位却爱穿皮草,喜欢在生物课上将青蛙开膛破肚。


New horizon college english

Text B: Comprehension Guide & Language Points

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彼此性格不合时,离家上大学的那种兴奋感就会立刻变得索然无味。而且,室友会互相影响对方的心理健康。根据最近的研究,大学生室友的忧郁症往往会从一个人传给另一个人。


New horizon college english

Text B: Comprehension Guide & Language Points

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学会容忍陌生人的习惯,可使大学生学会灵活应变和妥协的艺术,但这往往是一个十分痛苦的过程。21岁的朱莉·诺埃尔是大四学生。她回忆道,她一年级时与室友无法沟通,彼此整整一年都很不自在。


New horizon college english

Text B: Comprehension Guide & Language Points

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“我曾从早到晚用CD机播放同一张碟,就是为了试试她,因为她太羞怯了,” 诺埃尔说,“直到那天晚饭时,她才终于改变了她的羞怯。” 虽然她们没有将房间一分为二,但是到了年末,她们还是大吵一场分手了。 “回想起来,我真希望当时能跟她谈谈我的感受,” 诺埃尔说。


New horizon college english

Text B: Comprehension Guide & Language Points

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大多数室友的冲突都起因于小小的令人不快的分歧,而不是由抽象的哲学原理上的重大争执引起的。“都是具体的事情弄得室友四分五裂,” 俄亥俄州一所大学的宿舍管理处主任助理如是说。


New horizon college english

Text B: Comprehension Guide & Language Points

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在极端的情况下,室友间的冲突可能引发严重的暴力。去年春天哈佛大学发生的就是这种情况:一位学生将她的室友杀害后自杀。许多学校都已经启动了化解冲突的工作项目,以舒缓紧张形势,要不然它们就会像火山一样蓄势待发,最终导致侵犯人身的暴力行为。有些大学采用了“室友合同”的做法:所有新生在参加有关室友关系的讨论会之后,都要填写签署该份合同。


New horizon college english

Text B: Comprehension Guide & Language Points

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学生们订下了详细的宿舍行为准则,包括可以共同接受的学习时间、睡眠时间,动用彼此物品的原则,以及如何处理留言。虽然合同不具有法律约束力,也永远不会诉诸法庭,但合同副本都送到宿舍指导员处,以防日后发生冲突。宿舍管理处主任说:“合同允许我们处理一些同学们没有想到或不愿谈及的问题。”


New horizon college english

Text B: Comprehension Guide & Language Points

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有些学校试图用电脑配对安排住宿,以期防止争吵发生。不过这种做法更像推测游戏而非科学。这是根据学生对住宿表格上一系列问题的回答而将他们组合在一起。这些问题包括是否容忍抽烟,选择什么样的作息时间,以及对个人习惯是整洁还是凌乱做自我描述。有时家长会拿走表格,填入不真实的、一厢情愿的数据来反映他们孩子的习惯,特别是在吸烟问题上,这就削弱了这种做法的作用。


New horizon college english

Text B: Comprehension Guide & Language Points

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此外,宿舍管理人员中关于大学生活应有什么特色的理论争论也使这一安排过程复杂化。他们争论:“到底让相同的人还是不同的人住在一起,才能使他们取长补短呢?” 一幅漫画道出了许多学生对这一做法的感受:面对一大堆的资料,宿舍工作人员随便拿出两张待选的表格,叫道:“这位喜欢象棋,那位爱好足球,两位住在一起是最理想的了!”


New horizon college english

Text B: Comprehension Guide & Language Points

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一位二年级的学生艾伦·萨斯曼回忆道:“我觉得他们肯定是了解了我们的性格,然后就选性格相反的。” 萨斯曼喜欢整洁,学习认真,而他的室友却邋里邋遢,而且喜欢通宵聚会直至凌晨。“我一进房间,往往会发现他在我的桌子上到处乱翻,想找一张邮票去寄信。还有一次,我回来就看到他在吃我的最后一块巧克力曲奇饼,那是我妈妈带给我的。


New horizon college english

Text B: Comprehension Guide & Language Points

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宿舍楼里的人都在打赌我们什么时候打起来,” 他说。但是出乎人们的意料,他们却最终成了朋友。萨斯曼说:“我们彼此从对方学到了许多东西—但我也决不想再有这样的经历了。”


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