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New Horizon College English. Unit 6 : Section A. The Widow. Part I: Pre-reading Activities. Part II: Text Learning. Warm-up Exercises Background Information. Text Analysis: A: Main Ideas. B: Devices of Developing the Text. Part III: Exercises. Language Points. Vocabulary.

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New Horizon College English

Unit 6 : Section A

The Widow

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Part I: Pre-reading Activities

Part II: Text Learning

Warm-up Exercises

BackgroundInformation

Text Analysis:

A: Main Ideas

B: Devices of Developing

the Text

Part III: Exercises

Language Points

Vocabulary

Part IV: Topic-related Further Learning

Structure

Translation

Essay Summary

Some Recommended Books, Passages and Websites.

Text Structure Analysis

Structured Writing

pre reading

Warm-up Exercises

Pre-reading

A woman alone writes some painful lines in a notebook. To understand why the lines are painful, we go back in time to a strange event that happened on her wedding day. A strange woman gave the couple a message about their marriage. Every year, the husband and wife discussed their unique wedding guest. The wife thought she had come from heaven; the husband thought she had the wrong shape for someone from heaven. (to be continued)

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pre reading activities

Warm-up Exercises

Pre-reading Activities

One night, he wrote his wife a note. He wrote that it did not matter where their guest had come from. What mattered was that the word gift she had given them was true. Now that her husband has died, the woman finds the painful lines in the book remind her of him.

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pre reading activities1

Warm-up Exercises

Pre-reading Activities
  • QuestionsWhy is the woman in the story in pain?

Because her husband has died,

the woman finds the painful lines in the book remind her of him.

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elizabeth jolly

Background Information

Elizabeth Jolly

Elizabeth Jolly is a famous Australian fiction writer. Born in England in 1923, Jolly moved to Australia in 1959 with her husband and three children. She had trained as a nurse in England and nursed there and in Australia before starting her writing career in 1964. Her body of work includes 26 books: short stories, radio plays, collections and 12 novels in print since 1980. Jolly has won many writing awards, two of them for Cabin Fever, her tenth fiction book. She is known for her peculiar people in funny situations.

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cabin fever

Background Information

Cabin Fever

“Cabin Fever” continues the events of her previous book, “My Father’s Moon”, but different voice and 40 years later. The story is presented in bits and pieces as a successful woman psychologist recalls her war experiences and postwar hard times. The book is not a complete story but only certain memories that help the woman make sense of all the pain, trouble, loss and sad times in her life. The book describes the culture of the late 1940s.

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main idea

Text Analysis

Main Idea
  • Part IPara.1 – Para. 2
  • Part IIPara. 3 – Para. 15
  • Part IIIPara.16 – Para. 19

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main idea1

Text Analysis

Main Idea

Main Idea of Part I

The quotation of the widow stored in a

notebook reminds her of the painful

memory of losing her husband.

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main idea2

Text Analysis

Main Idea

Main Idea of Part II

The Widow’s mind slipped back to her wedding ceremony at which she and her husband received a strange word gift which had a magic power.

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main idea3

Text Analysis

Main Idea

Main Idea of Part III

The message her husband left her showed that their aunt’s prophecy had come true --- they work hard and love each other and that was why the widow stored the painful quotation.

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devices of developing the text

Text Analysis

Devices of Developing the Text
  • Part I Quotation

From Elizabeth Jolly’s “Cabin Fever”

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devices of developing the text1

Text Analysis

Devices of Developing the Text
  • Part II Flashback

Start with the widow’s wedding ceremony

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devices of developing the text2

Text Analysis

Devices of Developing the Text
  • Part III Flashback

Back gradually to the painful quotation

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reading comprehension answer the following questions

Text Analysis

Reading ComprehensionAnswer the following questions.

1.In the first paragraph which word tells you that the

husband has died?

Widow.

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2 why is the quotation from elizabeth jolly so painful for the widow

Text Analysis

2.Why is the quotation from Elizabeth Jolly so painful for the widow?

Because it is the exact description of her real feelings at the moment.

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Text Analysis

1

3.What does the last sentence of the third paragraph

suggest about the woman?

She was short-sighted and could not see things clearly

without glasses.

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slide18

Text Analysis

4. From the paragraph 4 what do we know that attitudes ofthe couple’s colleges, old schoolmates, relatives and even their mothers towards their marriage?

We know that their colleagues and old schoolmates were happy about the marriage, but their relatives and mothers were “crying” or “offering pity” or “would have insisted they wanted only the best for their children.”

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Text Analysis

5. What does the writer mean by saying “both acted to fill their

needs as time and opportunity allowed” (Paragraph 13)?

He means the couple’s life together was very happy because

whenever they could, the couple helped each other and showed concern for each other.

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Text Analysis

1.6. What words in Paragraph 17 tell us that the husband wrote the

message many years ago?

Worn, fading, kept for so long.

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slide21

Text Analysis

7. Did the husband finally agree with the wife that Aunt Esther

Gubbins was on some heavenly mission? Why?

No, he was still in doubt bout Aunt Esther’s identity. This is shown by the phrase in his message, “whether she came from heaven or a nearby town”.

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8 in what sense was aunt esther gubbins right

Text Analysis

8.In what sense was Aunt Esther Gubbins right?

So long as the wife and husband work hard and love each other, they will live a good life and be happy.

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text structure analysis

Text Analysis

Text Structure Analysis

Order of Time Sequence

Time signals:

1. first, second, after that, now, next, then, finally,

the next evening, the following day, etc.

2. tenses, such as used to, etc.

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Text Analysis

Alone now, the widow reads considerably. She used to underline favorite passages to share with her husband. Now, in a notebook, she stores quotations like this one from Elizabeth Jolly’s Cabin Fever: “I experience again the deep-felt wish to be part of a married couple, to sit by the fire in winter with the man who is my husband. So intense is this wish that if I write the word husband on a piece of paper, my eyes fill with tears.”

These words are important in the sense that help us make changes from one event to the next and they help make united and easy-to-follow writing.

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she used to underline favorite passages to share with her husband para 1

Language Points

She used to underline favorite passages to share with her husband. (Para.1)

Share with: give a part of something to somebody else 分享

When the flood destroyed our house, our neighbors shared their

house and food with us.

邻居们让我们住到他们的房子里,并在他们家吃饭。

Farmers often share their crops with each other.

农民们常常分享各自的收获的东西。

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Language points

2. I experience again the deep-felt wish to be part of a married couple , to sit by the fire in winter with a man who is my husband. (Para.1)

part of: one of the pieces, sections or segments that

something is made of 一部分、一份

She lived there for the greater part of her life.

她一生有大部分时间都住在那里。

Respect is a very important part of any relationship.

相互尊重是人际关系中的一个重要方面。

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Language Points

3.So intense this wish that if I write the word husband on a piece of paper, my eyes fill with tears. (Para. 1)

fill with: (cause to )become full of 充满

Mother filled my plate with food.

妈妈给我盘子里盛满了食物

This city is filled with smog because of the serious air pollution.

由于严重的空气污染,这座城市雾气弥漫。

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4 they define the best as staying home to support the family para 4

Language Points

4.……they define “the best” as staying home to support the family. (Para.4)

define … as …: state the meaning of sth. such as a word as

being sth. 界定, 定义为

It’s wrong to define “happiness ” as “owing lots of money”.

把幸福界定为拥有许多钱是错误的。

People prefer to define the family as a kind of shelter where all

the members stay together sharing both happiness and

difficulties of life.

人们更愿意把家定义为供家人同甘共苦的避风港。

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5 had he come to the wrong church or at the wrong time mistaking them for another couple para 11

Language Points

5.Had he come to the wrong church or at the wrong time, mistaking them for another couple? (Para.11)

mistake for: think wrongly that sb. / sth. is sb. /sth. else

误当作

You and your sister look so similar, I often mistake you for her.

你和你姐姐长得太像了,我经常误把你当成她。

Sometimes even her husband can mistake her for her twin sister.

有时甚至她丈夫都会把她误当成她的孪生姐姐。

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6 both acted to fill their needs as time and opportunity allowed para 13

Language Points

6.Both acted to fill their needs as time and opportunity allowed. (Para. 13)

fill one’s need: satisfy one’s need 满足需要

He is the only child in this family, so the parents are trying their

best to fill his need.

他是家里的独生子,所以父母想方设法满足他的需要。

The manager of this company asks the employees to offer

good service and try to fill the customers’ need.

公司经理要求员工提供优质服务,满足顾客需求。

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7 they bring up their curiosity para 15

Language Points

7.…… they bring up their curiosity…… (Para. 15)

bring up: mention or introduce ( a subject) 提起

There is no need to bring up his past when we are considering him

for employment.

我们考虑他的工作时,没有必要再提他的过去。

Who brought up the subject of money?

是谁提起钱这个话题的?

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Language Points

8.Widowed now, the wife wonders what she would savefrom their old home if it were to catch fire. (Para. 16)

save from: keep sth. from (danger, being destroyed, etc.);

make safe from danger or being destroyed 、

保留、抢救、使免于

The thing to be happy about is that their wedding album was saved

from the fire.

值得庆幸的是,他们的结婚像册没有被火烧毁。

Fortunately, all the military materials were saved from the drought.

幸运的是,所有的军需物资没被洪水淹没。

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Exercises — Vocabulary

Direction: Fill in each of the blanks with the words given below. Change the form if necessary.

cheerful

considerable

depart

underline

restrain

anniversary

curiosity

responsibility

mission

nearby

surround

regarding

1. When I came across some favorite passages in reading, I usually ____ them and try to learn them by heart.

underline

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Exercises--- Vocabulary

Direction: Fill in each of the blanks with the words given below. Change the form if necessary.

cheerful

considerable

depart

underline

restrain

anniversary

curiosity

responsibility

mission

nearby

surround

regarding

12. ---Do you know the old couple are having a wedding again?

---You are kidding?

---No, I’m not. They are having the fiftieth ________ of their

wedding.

---Oh, I see. You mean a golden wedding.

anniversary

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Exercises--- Vocabulary

Direction: Fill in each of the blanks with the words given below. Change the form if necessary.

cheerful

considerable

depart

underline

restrain

anniversary

curiosity

responsibility

mission

nearby

surround

regarding

regarding

3. A letter _____ the boy’s behavior was sent to his father.

4. The boy had a strong _____ to know what was in the letter

sent to his father.

curiosity

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Exercises--- Vocabulary

Direction: Fill in each of the blanks with the words given below. Change the form if necessary.

cheerful

considerable

depart

underline

restrain

anniversary

curiosity

responsibility

mission

nearby

surround

regarding

5. The curiosity to know what was in the letter was so strong that the boy could not ______ himself from opening it.

restrain

6. The thief tried to run away but gave up when he found himself _________.

surrounded

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Exercises--- Vocabulary

Direction: Fill in each of the blanks with the words given below. Change the form if necessary.

cheerful

considerable

depart

underline

restrain

anniversary

curiosity

responsibility

mission

nearby

surround

regarding

considerably

7. You’d better take the gloves with you. It’s _____ colder

than yesterday.

8. Parents should take full _______ for their children’s

actions.

Responsibility

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Exercises — Vocabulary

Exercises — Vocabulary

Fill in each of the blanks in the following sentences with a suitable preposition or adverb.

Fill in each of the blanks in the following sentences with a suitable preposition or adverb.

  • Sandy’s parents would go crazy if she told them that she would not share her secrets _______ them.

with

2. You can define the word “difficult” _____ “not easy” if you

like.

as

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Exercises — Vocabulary

Exercises — Vocabulary

Fill in each of the blanks in the following sentences with a suitable preposition or adverb.

Fill in each of the blanks in the following sentences with a suitable preposition or adverb.

3.Teach a child in the way he should go: and when he is old, he will

not depart ____ it.

from

for

4. It’s painful to mistake kindness ____ love.

5. The sick woman scanned the doctor’s face ____ a sign of hope before leaving the office.

for

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Exercises — Vocabulary

Fill in each of the blanks in the following sentences with a suitable preposition or adverb.

Fill in each of the blanks in the following sentences with a suitable preposition or adverb.

from

6. Autumn could not restrain herself ____ telling Sandy about her

boyfriend Jackson.

7. The city has a big problem: how can it save these fine old

buildings ____ being destroyed?

from

8. I’m sorry, I wasn’t listening, I was thinking _____ something

else.

about/of

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Exercises — Structure

Rewrite the following sentences, using whoever.

1. I don’t know who he is. I don’t want to see him anyway.

Whoever he is, I don’t want to see him.

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slide42

Exercises — Structure

2. We don’t know who owned the business. The business would be a success anyway.

The business would be a success, whoever owned it. Or: whoever owned it, the business would be a success.

3. I don’t know who has broken the window. I’ll take him to his parents anyway.

Whoever has broken the window, I’ll take him to his parents.

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slide43

Exercises — Structure

4. I don’t know who else objects. I will not object anyway.

Whoever else objects, I won’t.

5. I don’t know who else goes hungry. I will not go hungry anyway.

Whoever else goes hungry, I won’t.

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Exercises — Structure

Rewrite the following sentences, using do, does or did.

1. My colleagues and old schoolmates really feel happy for me when I told them I had a chance to go and study in London University.

My colleagues and old schoolmates did feel happy for me when I told them I had a chance to go and study in London University.

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slide45

Exercises — Structure

2. Bill really has some problem with his math class.

Bill does have some problem with his math class.

3. She really went next door to help Mrs. Norton with her sick children.

She did go next door to help Mrs. Norton with her sick children.

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slide46

Exercises — Structure

4. These words really convey her feelings at the moment.

These words do convey her feelings at the moment.

5. In the picture the bride and groom really felt shy before crowds of relatives and friends.

In the picture the bride and groom did feel shy before crowds of relatives and friends.

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slide47

Exercises — Translation

Translate the following sentences into English.

1.有了他父亲给的钱,他就能在附近的镇上买栋房子了。

afford

with the money from his father/given by his father

in the town nearby

With the money given by his father, he could afford a house in the town nearby.(Or …. he could afford to buy a house in the town nearby.)

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slide48

Exercises — Translation

2. 那位年轻女士太激动,以致情不自禁地提起了婚姻话题。

so excited that

bring up

could not restrain herself from/could not help

subject of marriage

The young lady was so exact hat she could not restrain herself from bringing up the subject of marriage. Or: … that she could not help bringing up the subject of marriage.

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Exercises — Translation

3. 恐怕你今天见不到他了,一小时前,他刚被派去执行一项重要任务了。

I’m afraid

on an important mission

I’m afraid you can’t see him today because he was sent on an important mission just an hour ago.

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Exercises — Translation

4. 她年轻时,常常在笔记本里记下一些摘引自诗歌的内容。

store

used to

quotations from poems

When she was young,she used to store quotations from poems in a notebook.

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Exercises — Translation

5. 不管他们是谁, 他们都得对这次事故负责任。

whoever they are

take the responsibility for

Whoever they are,they should take the responsibility for the accident/they should be responsible for the accident.

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Exercises — Essay Summary

Carefully read the following sentences and circle one answer from each pair that is the correct or best one.

Alone, a widow writes a painful quotation in a notebook. To understand her pain, we see a picture in her wedding album and hear about a strange event that happened at her wedding. A strange woman had told the couple she was here to tell them they were going to live a good life and be happy, that they would work hard and love each other. Every year around their anniversary, the husband and wife discussed their unique wedding guest..

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slide53

Exercises — Essay Summary

Carefully read the following sentences and circle one answer from each pair that is the correct or best one.

Alone, a widow writes a painful quotation in a notebook. To understand her pain, we see a picture in her wedding album and hear about a strange event that happened at her wedding. A strange woman had told the couple she was here to tell them they were going to live a good life and be happy, that they would work hard and love each other. Every year around their anniversary, the husband and wife discussed their unique wedding guest..

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slide54

Exercises — Essay Summary

Carefully read the following sentences and circle one answer from each pair that is the correct or best one.

Alone, a widow writes a painful quotation in a notebook. To understand her pain, we see a picture in her wedding album and hear about a strange event that happened at her wedding. A strange woman had told the couple she was here to tell them they were going to live a good life and be happy, that they would work hard and love each other. Every year around their anniversary, the husband and wife discussed their unique wedding guest..

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Exercises — Essay Summary

Carefully read the following sentences and circle one answer from each pair that is the correct or best one.

Alone, a widow writes a painful quotation in a notebook. To understand her pain, we see a picture in her wedding album and hear about a strange event that happened at her wedding. A strange woman had told the couple she was here to tell them they were going to live a good life and be happy, that they would work hard and love each other. Every year around their anniversary, the husband and wife discussed their unique wedding guest..

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Exercises — Essay Summary

Carefully read the following sentences and circle one answer from each pair that is the correct or best one.

The wife thought she was on a heavenly mission, the husband thought she too portly for heaven. But one night, he wrote his wife a note telling her why it did not matter whether their guest had come from heaven or a nearby town. What matters was that the word gift she had given to them was true. Now he has died, the wife misses him so much that is painful for her even to read the lines she wrote in her notebook.

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slide57

Exercises — Structured Writing

Subject My brother is always in a hurry

Outline ~ every morning/ before he is up / complain / late for

class

~then / in a minute / dash into the washroom / not

close the door

~finally / take his bread / kiss my mother / take his

schoolbag / disappear

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Exercises — Structured Writing

My brother is always in a hurry as if he had only a short time to live. Every morning, before he is hardly up, he complains, “Oh, dear, I’m late for class!” Then in a minute, we hear him dash into the washroom, not taking time to bang the door closed. Finally, taking a piece of bread in his hand, he kisses my mother quickly, picks up his schoolbag, and disappears from the door just like a wind.

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website http www middlemiss org lit authors jollyee jolleye html

Further Reading

Websitehttp://www.middlemiss.org/lit/authors/jollyee/jolleye.htmlWebsitehttp://www.middlemiss.org/lit/authors/jollyee/jolleye.html

Passages

  • “The Obligations and Responsibilities of Marriage”
  • “Love Story”
  • “The Trashman”

Novels

--- “Jane Eyre”

--- “Pride and Prejudice”

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slide60
Thank You !

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