Colonial beginnings
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Colonial Beginnings. Roanoke The Lost Colony. Gov. John White made 2 trips to Virginia 1 st trip – check out the area 2 nd trip – bring 100 settlers for settlement Food was scarce …many starved to death. Roanoke The Lost Colony. White returned to England to get supplies

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Colonial Beginnings

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Colonial beginnings

Colonial Beginnings

Roanoke the lost colony

RoanokeThe Lost Colony

  • Gov. John White made 2 trips to Virginia

  • 1sttrip – check out the area

  • 2ndtrip – bring 100settlers for settlement

  • Food was scarce…many starvedto death

Roanoke the lost colony1

RoanokeThe Lost Colony

  • White returned to England

    to get supplies

  • When he returned, he

    found NOTHING…no

    signs of civilization

  • The only clue…“CRO”

    carved in tree


Jamestown virginia

Jamestown, Virginia

  • Why is Jamestown so important? It was the 1st permanent English settlement

  • Named in honor of

    King James

  • Chartered by the

    Virginia Company

  • Motivation for

    settlement – gold/silver

Colonial beginnings


  • Area low-lying/swampy (mosquitos carried malaria)

  • Summers– hot & humid

  • Winters– bitter cold; settlers arrived too late to plant crops

  • Attacksfrom the


Colonial beginnings

  • By the end of the first year only 38of 103 settlers were alive

  • Gentlemen were “too good”to work…they were there to search for gold($$$)

  • The colony desperately needed leadership…and John Smith stepped up

Colonial beginnings


  • Ruthlessman

  • Arrived during the 2ndwinter(1608)

  • Created work ethic among the colonists – “Workor die” during this “starving time”

Colonial beginnings

  • Smith kept notes that were made into a book

  • He was capturedby thePowhatan Indians. His life was sparedwhen he befriended Pocahontas.

  • A gunpowderaccident

    caused John Smith to

    return to England.

Colonial beginnings


  • John Rolfe takes over and brings 800more settlers with him to Jamestown

  • He becomes the 1st successful European tobacco farmer

  • Tobacco caused increasedproblems with the Natives.

  • Why? Planting tobacco fields meant expandingthe size of the Jamestown colony

Colonial beginnings

  • John Rolfe meets and marries Pocahontas

  • She becomes a Christianand is baptized as Rebecca

  • Rolfe returns to Englandwith Rebecca when he is summoned by the Virginia Company

Colonial beginnings

Jamestown Housing

House of burgesses

House of Burgesses

  • 1st representative government in the New World – allowed for elected officials to represent colonists

  • Created local laws

  • Dutch ships bring in Africans to work tobacco crops in Jamestown



Cross out the following portion of your notes:





  • Better known as the Pilgrims

  • Separated from the Church of England

  • Fled to Holland…and were dissatisfied w/ Holland

  • Contacted the Virginia Company regarding sailing to New World



  • 35of the 102 passengers were Separatists (the others were commoners from England)

  • Leader – William Bradford

  • Sailed for 66days

  • What did they have to eat? Nothing but cheese, hard bread, fish, beer

  • Were sailing to Plymouth

Mayflower compact

Mayflower Compact

  • A stormblew them off course, and they landed outsidethe Virginia Company limits in which later became Massachusetts

    – this meant their charter was no good

  • A compactwas created – established lawsfor the good of the colony

  • Created self-government(majority rule) – ”civil government”

  • 8 males did not sign – they were under 15 or indentured servants

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