What are some things you do to help you remember?  When you are studying for a test, what do you do ...
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What are some things you do to help you remember? When you are studying for a test, what do you do to try to remember the info you need to? Are your strategies effective?. Remember as many items as you can…. Bed Clock Dream Night Toss Turn Doze Mattress Snooze Night. Nod Tired

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Remember as many items as you can…

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Remember as many items as you can

What are some things you do to help you remember? When you are studying for a test, what do you do to try to remember the info you need to? Are your strategies effective?


Remember as many items as you can

Remember as many items as you can…

  • Bed

  • Clock

  • Dream

  • Night

  • Toss

  • Turn

  • Doze

  • Mattress

  • Snooze

  • Night

  • Nod

  • Tired

  • Night

  • Artichoke

  • Rest

  • Insomnia

  • Yawn

  • Nap

  • Snore

  • Pillow


Write down what you remember

Write down what you remember


Serial position effect

Serial-Position Effect

  • You are more likely to remember the first and last items in a list, and forget the middle stuff – one of the 7 sins of memory

  • Primacy effect – remembering the items at the beginning of the list (bed, clock)

  • Recency effect – remembering the end of the list (snore, pillow)


Frequency

Frequency

  • The more we rehearse materials, the more we are likely to remember them.

    • The word “night” appeared multiple times


Distinctiveness

Distinctiveness

  • We remember what is different or unique

    • “Artichoke” was different than all of the other terms which involved sleep


Organization

Organization

  • When we can organize info into chunks, we remember it better

    • Toss & Turn


Reconstruction

Reconstruction

  • Did you write down sleep?

  • Was not in the list. Filled in gaps based on our previous knowledge


Visual imagery

Visual Imagery

  • Visualizing (picturing) things helps people remember – method of loci

  • Did you create a bedroom and place the clock, mattress, and pillow in it?


How we remember

How we remember

Tools for improving your memory


Why are some things hard to remember

Why are some things hard to remember?

  • Encoding:

  • Easy – location, time, and frequency (almost automatic)

  • More difficult – effortful encoding – select main points, label concepts, make associations


Rehearsal

Rehearsal

  • Reviewing or practicing

  • Maintenance rehearsal – rote (routine) repetition

  • Elaborative rehearsal – associate new material with material you already know

  • Elaborative rehearsal is a better memory method


Mnemonics

Mnemonics

  • Strategies and tricks for improving memory

  • Effectively encodes, may involve chunking

Fall back,

Spring Ahead


Remember as many items as you can

  • https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=V8S8V9VEFyI


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