1 / 33

organizational mission - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

  • Updated On :

PLANNING. How To Best Meet Your Mission. We must plan for the future, because people who stay in the present will remain in the past. Abraham Lincoln. What is Planning?.

I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'organizational mission' - omer

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
Slide1 l.jpg


How To Best Meet Your Mission

We must plan for the future,

because people who stay in the present will remain in the past.

Abraham Lincoln

Slide2 l.jpg

What is Planning?

Planning is a search problem that requires to find an efficient sequence of actions that transform a system from a given startingstate to the goal state

Planning is the starting point of the management process

Predetermines what the business proposes to accomplish and how it intends realizing its goals

Slide3 l.jpg

Proper planning accomplishes the following

1. Managing Uncertainty

2. Better Focus

3. Improves Coordination

4. Basis for Control

5. Improves Effectiveness

Planning is pervasive l.jpg
Planning is Pervasive

  • Corporation Level

  • Strategic Business Unit (SBU) Level

  • Functional or Department Level

  • Team or work group level

  • Individual level

Slide5 l.jpg













Corporation Headquarters

Organizational mission l.jpg
Organizational Mission

  • The Mission states the organization’s values, aspirations, and reason for existence.

  • The Mission Statement is the basis for all following goals and plans.

  • Without a clear mission, goals and plans may be developed haphazardly causing the organization to fail.

Slide8 l.jpg

Goals and Plans

Goals: specify future ends. Desired future state.

Plans: specify the means to future ends. “The blueprint for goal achievement… specifies the necessary resource allocations, schedules, tasks…”

Strategic goals and plans l.jpg
Strategic Goals and Plans

  • Strategic Goals pertain to the entire organization (not specific divisions and departments).

  • Strategic Plans define the action steps the company will use to attain strategic goals.

Tactical goals and plans l.jpg
Tactical Goals and Plans

  • Tactical Goals apply to middle management and describe what major subunits must do to to enable the organization to meet its strategic goals.

  • Tactical Plans:

    • Help execute major Strategic Plans.

    • Cover a shorter period of time.

Operational goals and plans l.jpg
Operational Goals and Plans

  • Operational Goals: the specific results expected of small units, workgroups, and individuals.

  • Operational Plans: developed at the lower levels of an organization to specify actions required to achieve operational goals and to support tactical plans.

Goal characteristics l.jpg
Goal Characteristics

  • Be specific and measurable

    • Quantitive Terms

  • Cover key result areas

    • Contribute most to company performance

  • Be challenging but realistic

  • Be for a defined time period.

  • Be linked to rewards.

Types of plans l.jpg
Types of Plans

  • Single-use plans are developed to achieve objectives that are not likely to be repeated in the future. Single-use plans include programs, budgets and projects.

  • Standing plans are used to provide guidance for tasks performed repeatedly within the organization. The primary standing plans are organizational policies, rules, and procedures

Other types of plans l.jpg
Other Types Of Plans

  • Long term & Short term

  • Formal & Informal Plans

  • Proactive & Reactive Plans

  • Strategic & Operational Plans

Slide18 l.jpg

The Planning Process

Planning may be seen as the identification and formulation of the objectives of a business (Goal Setting)

Determining Planning Premises

Analyzing the data (Identifying Alternatives)

Evaluation & Selection

Implementation & Review

Slide19 l.jpg

The Planning Process


Identification and formulation of



Choices between alternative plans

Reactive Planning

Revision of goals and plans


Execution of the plan

Slide20 l.jpg

Successful Planning Process

Everyone participates

Board and staff educated about planning

Board and staff explore new ideas

Board takes advantages of opportunities

Necessary resources available

Slide21 l.jpg

Making Planning Effective

Linked to Long term objectives


Everyone participates




Top Management Support

What is an objective l.jpg
What Is an Objective?

“objective are goals, aims or purposes that organisation wish over varying periods of time”

Management by objectives mbo l.jpg
Management By Objectives (MBO)

  • A method whereby managers and employees define objectives for every department, project, and person and use them to monitor subsequent performance.

Slide25 l.jpg


MBO is concerned with goal setting and planning for individual managers and their units.

The essence of MBO is a process of joint goal setting between a supervisor and a subordinate.

Managers work with their subordinates to establish performance goals that are consistent with higher organizational objectives.

MBO helps clarify the hierarchy of objectives as a series of well-defined means-ends chains.

Essential steps for mbo l.jpg
Essential Steps for MBO

  • Set Goals

    • The most difficult step.

  • Develop Action Plan

    • For both workgroups and individuals.

  • Review Progress/ Take corrective action

    • Periodic during the year.

  • Appraise Overall Performance.

    • Review Annual Goals.

Slide27 l.jpg

Essential Steps for MBO

  • Set Goals

    • The most difficult step.

    • Concrete

    • Specific target and timeframe

    • Assign responsibility

  • Develop Action Plan

    • Course of action

    • For both workgroups and individuals

  • Review Progress

    • Periodicity?

    • Course corrections

  • Appraise Overall Performance.

    • How are we doing?

    • Do we need to restate our goals?

Slide28 l.jpg


If MBO is to be successful, it must start at the top of the organization

Employees must be educated about what MBO is and what their role in it will be.

Managers must implement MBO in a way that is consistent with overall organizational goals.

Slide29 l.jpg

  • Managers tell their subordinates what organizational and unit goals and plans top management has established.

  • Managers meet with their subordinates on a one-to-one basis to arrive at a set of goals for each subordinate that both develop and to which both are committed.

  • Goals are refined to be as verifiable as possible and achievable within a specified period of time.

Slide30 l.jpg

  • Goals must be written and very clearly stated. unit goals and plans top management has established.

  • Managers must play the role of counselors in the goal-setting and planning meeting.

  • The meeting should specify the resources that he subordinate will need

  • Conducting periodic reviews

  • The employee is rewarded on goal attainment.

Slide31 l.jpg

THE EFFECTIVENESS OF MBO - STRENGTHS unit goals and plans top management has established.

  • Organizations create a powerful motivational system for their employees by adopting MBO.

  • Through the process of discussion and collaboration, communication is greatly enhanced.

  • With MBO performance appraisal may be done more objectively.

Slide32 l.jpg

THE EFFECTIVENESS OF MBO - STRENGTHS unit goals and plans top management has established.

MBO helps identify superior managerial talent for future promotion.

MBO provides a systematic management philosophy

MBO facilitates control through the periodic development and subsequent evaluation of individual goals and plans.

Slide33 l.jpg

THE EFFECTIVENESS OF MBO - WEAKNESSES unit goals and plans top management has established.

The major reason for MBO failure is lack of top management support

goals and plans cascading throughout the organization may not be those of top management.

Some firms may overemphasize quantitative goals

Some managers will not or cannot sit down and work out goals with their subordinates