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Online Education Tidbits This presentation provides 30 pointed citations from the book: Online Education and Learning Management Systems Global E-learning in a Scandinavian Perspective By Morten Flate Paulsen About the book

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Online education tidbits l.jpg
Online Education Tidbits

  • This presentation provides30 pointed citations from the book:

  • Online Education and Learning Management Systems

  • Global E-learning in a Scandinavian Perspective

  • By Morten Flate Paulsen

Paulsen, M. F. 2003. Online Education and Learning Management Systems www.studymentor.com


About the book l.jpg
About the book

  • This book comprises a rich variety of material, perspectives, insights and assessments. Valid information can be found there for researchers, for students in the field, for teachers, for managers and for politicians who are looking for reliable knowledge. It is very clear in its structure and arguments. In strategic and policy terms it discusses issues at the forefront of current debate… (Wagner, Page 14)

Introductory Part

Paulsen, M. F. 2003. Online Education and Learning Management Systems www.studymentor.com


Online education surpassing old traditional university l.jpg
Online education surpassing Old Traditional University

Introductory Part

Paulsen, M. F. 2003. Online Education and Learning Management Systems www.studymentor.com


About higher education l.jpg
About higher education

  • …a Sloan Consortium study of online learning in American higher education shows that 97.6% of all public higher education institutions in the USA offer online learning degree programmes and courses, either as fully online programmes or as hybrid (blended) formats . But even if most European and Scandinavian universities are dragging their feet, online learning will eventually be pushed onto the classical campuses by their student constituencies and the hard-hearted forces of the higher education market. (Nipper, Page 204)

Introductory Part

Paulsen, M. F. 2003. Online Education and Learning Management Systems www.studymentor.com


About melting pots l.jpg
About melting pots

  • …online education may facilitate collaboration and stimulate discussion between people, cultures, institutions, and subject areas. It is like a melting pot for educators. Young professionals who now enter the field of online education should use these opportunities to learn from, and build on, all the experience and controversies that come from this melting pot. (Interview with Author)

Introductory Part

Paulsen, M. F. 2003. Online Education and Learning Management Systems www.studymentor.com


About export l.jpg
About export

  • …in Australia, the official strategy is to develop education to become the second largest export industry. In the Nordic countries, however, the export of education does not seem to be an issue for public discussion. (Page 20)

Introductory Part

Paulsen, M. F. 2003. Online Education and Learning Management Systems www.studymentor.com


About misapprehensions l.jpg
About misapprehensions

  • One of the most obvious misapprehensions about online courses is that they should take place in front of a PC. Most online students spend much more time studying textbooks and preparing assignments than surfing the Internet. Even though both text and video can be presented online, paper is often a better medium for text and television is better for presenting video. Still, there is a tendency among online educators to substitute excellent textbooks with mediocre Web material and superb videocassettes with a tiny, degenerated PC-version of the video.

Introductory Part

Paulsen, M. F. 2003. Online Education and Learning Management Systems www.studymentor.com


About lurkers l.jpg
About lurkers

  • An online teacher once complained jokingly that he had too many lurkers in his discussion forums and that too few online students dared to expose themselves.

Introductory Part

Paulsen, M. F. 2003. Online Education and Learning Management Systems www.studymentor.com


The online teacher s workload l.jpg
The online teacher’s workload

Part One : Online Education, Teaching and Learning

Paulsen, M. F. 2003. Online Education and Learning Management Systems www.studymentor.com


About nightmares l.jpg
About nightmares

  • Online education offers students excellent opportunities for individual communication with their tutors. They can be contacted via e-mail 24 hours a day, 365 days a year. Few learning environments provide such opportunities for individual access to teachers. It is obvious that online students appreciate always having a personal tutor available. It is the students’ dream, but it could soon become a nightmare for the tutors.

Part One : Online Education, Teaching and Learning

Paulsen, M. F. 2003. Online Education and Learning Management Systems www.studymentor.com


About sustainability l.jpg

Sustainable online education is characterized by its ability to persist when extraordinary internal or external funding stops. Unfortunately, it seems to be a rare phenomenon. In most cases online education is sustainable when it generates an economic surplus or reduces costs.

About sustainability

Part One : Online Education, Teaching and Learning

Paulsen, M. F. 2003. Online Education and Learning Management Systems www.studymentor.com


About flexibility l.jpg
About flexibility to persist when extraordinary internal or external funding stops. Unfortunately, it seems to be a rare phenomenon. In most cases online education is sustainable when it generates an economic surplus or reduces costs.

  • Today’s students often have full-time jobs and families to take care of and many are reluctant to participate if it means relinquishing high-quality family life and job achievements. They need flexible education: education that allows them to combine job, family, and education in a manageable way. (Page 42)

Part One : Online Education, Teaching and Learning

Paulsen, M. F. 2003. Online Education and Learning Management Systems www.studymentor.com


About grades l.jpg

Both studies show that online students have better average grades and a lower percentage of failing grades. This does not necessarily show that online courses were better than traditional part-time courses, but it shows that online learning seems to work very well for students who have chosen to study online. (Page 55)

About grades

Part One : Online Education, Teaching and Learning

Paulsen, M. F. 2003. Online Education and Learning Management Systems www.studymentor.com


About teacher workload l.jpg

In correspondence courses, teachers are accustomed to mail carriers who deliver mail once a day. Online teachers, however, may receive e-mail 24 hours a day, 365 days a year. This online immediacy results in student demand for swifter responses and, hence, a heavier workload for teachers. (Page 70)

About teacher workload

Part One : Online Education, Teaching and Learning

Paulsen, M. F. 2003. Online Education and Learning Management Systems www.studymentor.com


About bells l.jpg

In traditional education and training allocation of resources is controlled by the “ringing of the bell”. (Page 70)

About bells

Part One : Online Education, Teaching and Learning

Paulsen, M. F. 2003. Online Education and Learning Management Systems www.studymentor.com


About parenthood l.jpg

You are going to work harder in teaching a course online, at least the first time.... Being a “virtual” professor is a little bit like parenthood. You are “on duty” all the time, and there seems to be no end to the demands on your time and energy. (Page 70)

About parenthood

Part One : Online Education, Teaching and Learning

Paulsen, M. F. 2003. Online Education and Learning Management Systems www.studymentor.com


The troll with three heads learning management and system l.jpg
The Troll with three heads: Learning, Management and System least the first time.... Being a “virtual” professor is a little bit like parenthood. You are “on duty” all the time, and there seems to be no end to the demands on your time and energy. (Page 70)

Part Two: Commercial and Self-developed LMS Systems

Paulsen, M. F. 2003. Online Education and Learning Management Systems www.studymentor.com


About constraints l.jpg
About constraints least the first time.... Being a “virtual” professor is a little bit like parenthood. You are “on duty” all the time, and there seems to be no end to the demands on your time and energy. (Page 70)

  • …it is important to understand that LMS systems may be built on very different pedagogical methods and theories and that these underlying constraints may influence and limit the systems pedagogical use. (Page 32)

Part Two: Commercial and Self-developed LMS Systems

Paulsen, M. F. 2003. Online Education and Learning Management Systems www.studymentor.com


About straitjackets l.jpg
About Straitjackets least the first time.... Being a “virtual” professor is a little bit like parenthood. You are “on duty” all the time, and there seems to be no end to the demands on your time and energy. (Page 70)

  • “Straitjackets!” a friend of mine hissed with malice in his voice, when I discussed [LMS systems] with him the other day. (Page 207)

Part Two: Commercial and Self-developed LMS Systems

Paulsen, M. F. 2003. Online Education and Learning Management Systems www.studymentor.com


About student management systems l.jpg
About student management systems least the first time.... Being a “virtual” professor is a little bit like parenthood. You are “on duty” all the time, and there seems to be no end to the demands on your time and energy. (Page 70)

  • …the Student Management System is the central, most important system for large-scale online education. For historical, legal, and financial reasons, the SMS system is the most important system for an educational institution. Hence, all other systems that offer online education services should rely on the SMS system as the master system with which they exchange data. (Page 30)

Part Two: Commercial and Self-developed LMS Systems

Paulsen, M. F. 2003. Online Education and Learning Management Systems www.studymentor.com


About economic success l.jpg
About economic success least the first time.... Being a “virtual” professor is a little bit like parenthood. You are “on duty” all the time, and there seems to be no end to the demands on your time and energy. (Page 70)

  • The analysis revealed few, if any, examples of institutions with substantial income from student fees. Likewise, there seem to be few institutions that can claim that provision of Web-based courses has been an economic success, if they disregard external research and development grants. (Page 129)

Part Two: Commercial and Self-developed LMS Systems

Paulsen, M. F. 2003. Online Education and Learning Management Systems www.studymentor.com


About spread of e learning l.jpg
About spread of e-learning least the first time.... Being a “virtual” professor is a little bit like parenthood. You are “on duty” all the time, and there seems to be no end to the demands on your time and energy. (Page 70)

  • Evidence of the worldwide spread of e-learning in recent years is easy to obtain. In April 2003, no fewer than 66,000 fully online courses and 1,200 complete online programs were listed on the TeleCampus portal…(Page 140)

Part Two: Commercial and Self-developed LMS Systems

Paulsen, M. F. 2003. Online Education and Learning Management Systems www.studymentor.com


About loyalty l.jpg
About loyalty least the first time.... Being a “virtual” professor is a little bit like parenthood. You are “on duty” all the time, and there seems to be no end to the demands on your time and energy. (Page 70)

  • The institutions do not seem to be especially loyal to, or dependent on, one LMS system. The majority of the institutions had changed system, planned to change system, or operated secondary systems. (Page 152)

Part Two: Commercial and Self-developed LMS Systems

Paulsen, M. F. 2003. Online Education and Learning Management Systems www.studymentor.com


About danish culture l.jpg
About Danish culture least the first time.... Being a “virtual” professor is a little bit like parenthood. You are “on duty” all the time, and there seems to be no end to the demands on your time and energy. (Page 70)

  • …the organisational and pedagogical concepts underpinning most modern LMS systems fit badly with Danish educational culture and with the way Danish educational institutions traditionally organise learner support and learner management. (Page 207)

Part Two: Commercial and Self-developed LMS Systems

Paulsen, M. F. 2003. Online Education and Learning Management Systems www.studymentor.com


American educational imperialism l.jpg
American educational imperialism least the first time.... Being a “virtual” professor is a little bit like parenthood. You are “on duty” all the time, and there seems to be no end to the demands on your time and energy. (Page 70)

Part Three: Global E-learning in a Nordic Perspective

Paulsen, M. F. 2003. Online Education and Learning Management Systems www.studymentor.com


About imperialism l.jpg
About imperialism least the first time.... Being a “virtual” professor is a little bit like parenthood. You are “on duty” all the time, and there seems to be no end to the demands on your time and energy. (Page 70)

  • In the US, online educators tend to perceive the Internet as their home market. In the Nordic countries, educators regard it as an opportunity to study online courses from the United States. If these countries do not change their attitudes, they may soon experience a disturbing form of, American instructional imperialism. The Nordic countries are in several ways ahead of the US with regard to online education. Still, it is quite possible that American online tutors will dominate online education in the Nordic countries, just as American textbooks already dominate Nordic higher education.

Part Three: Global E-learning in a Nordic Perspective

Paulsen, M. F. 2003. Online Education and Learning Management Systems www.studymentor.com


About service industries l.jpg
About service industries least the first time.... Being a “virtual” professor is a little bit like parenthood. You are “on duty” all the time, and there seems to be no end to the demands on your time and energy. (Page 70)

  • …the concept of online learning as a service industry may well be the most important lesson that Nordic providers of online education could take from their Canadian counterparts. (Page 303)

Part Three: Global E-learning in a Nordic Perspective

Paulsen, M. F. 2003. Online Education and Learning Management Systems www.studymentor.com


About living words l.jpg
About living words least the first time.... Being a “virtual” professor is a little bit like parenthood. You are “on duty” all the time, and there seems to be no end to the demands on your time and energy. (Page 70)

  • [Third Generation Distance Learning] was firmly rooted in a longstanding Danish tradition for learning through ‘the living word’ (as opposed to the printed word). (Page 199)

Part Three: Global E-learning in a Nordic Perspective

Paulsen, M. F. 2003. Online Education and Learning Management Systems www.studymentor.com


About collaborative learning l.jpg
About collaborative learning least the first time.... Being a “virtual” professor is a little bit like parenthood. You are “on duty” all the time, and there seems to be no end to the demands on your time and energy. (Page 70)

  • The development of a collaborative learning program is much faster and many factors less expensive than the development of a CBT course. (Page 201)

Part Three: Global E-learning in a Nordic Perspective

Paulsen, M. F. 2003. Online Education and Learning Management Systems www.studymentor.com


About achilles heels l.jpg
About Achilles’ heels least the first time.... Being a “virtual” professor is a little bit like parenthood. You are “on duty” all the time, and there seems to be no end to the demands on your time and energy. (Page 70)

  • The Achilles’ heel of Collaborative Learning is that it scales so badly. And the ability to scale in a controlled and manageable way is a substantial and timely requirement in Danish online learning right now...(Page 201)

Part Three: Global E-learning in a Nordic Perspective

Paulsen, M. F. 2003. Online Education and Learning Management Systems www.studymentor.com


About people and systems l.jpg
About people and systems least the first time.... Being a “virtual” professor is a little bit like parenthood. You are “on duty” all the time, and there seems to be no end to the demands on your time and energy. (Page 70)

  • … the very concept of systems which manage learning is something strange to Danish educational thinking. Systems should be used to support learning. The management of learning activities and learning players is best left with people. (Page 205)

Part Three: Global E-learning in a Nordic Perspective

Paulsen, M. F. 2003. Online Education and Learning Management Systems www.studymentor.com


About compliancy l.jpg
About compliancy least the first time.... Being a “virtual” professor is a little bit like parenthood. You are “on duty” all the time, and there seems to be no end to the demands on your time and energy. (Page 70)

  • Is your lecture today SCORM compliant, Professor? (Page 206)

Part Three: Global E-learning in a Nordic Perspective

Paulsen, M. F. 2003. Online Education and Learning Management Systems www.studymentor.com


About collisions l.jpg
About collisions least the first time.... Being a “virtual” professor is a little bit like parenthood. You are “on duty” all the time, and there seems to be no end to the demands on your time and energy. (Page 70)

  • …the universities will need seamless and powerful integration of their online learning environments and their student management systems. [We] will see two worlds collide in this process: The world of the teaching staff and the world of the university administrations.

Part Three: Global E-learning in a Nordic Perspective

Paulsen, M. F. 2003. Online Education and Learning Management Systems www.studymentor.com


Industrialized online education l.jpg
Industrialized online education least the first time.... Being a “virtual” professor is a little bit like parenthood. You are “on duty” all the time, and there seems to be no end to the demands on your time and energy. (Page 70)

Part Four: Trends and Future Developments

Paulsen, M. F. 2003. Online Education and Learning Management Systems www.studymentor.com


About scale l.jpg
About scale least the first time.... Being a “virtual” professor is a little bit like parenthood. You are “on duty” all the time, and there seems to be no end to the demands on your time and energy. (Page 70)

  • The current mega trend shows clearly that online education is shifting from small-scale experiments to large-scale operations. (Page 272)

Part Four: Trends and Future Developments

Paulsen, M. F. 2003. Online Education and Learning Management Systems www.studymentor.com


About bandwidth l.jpg
About bandwidth least the first time.... Being a “virtual” professor is a little bit like parenthood. You are “on duty” all the time, and there seems to be no end to the demands on your time and energy. (Page 70)

  • The analysis shows that there is an obvious request for additional bandwidth and better multimedia abilities. (Page 275)

Part Four: Trends and Future Developments

Paulsen, M. F. 2003. Online Education and Learning Management Systems www.studymentor.com


About evolution l.jpg
About evolution least the first time.... Being a “virtual” professor is a little bit like parenthood. You are “on duty” all the time, and there seems to be no end to the demands on your time and energy. (Page 70)

  • All are evolutionary developments that were visible 15 years ago and not really hard to predict. The only really revolutionary development in online education during this period was the introduction of the Web. This technological development, which nobody foresaw, emerged as the development with the largest impact on online education. (Page 286)

Part Four: Trends and Future Developments

Paulsen, M. F. 2003. Online Education and Learning Management Systems www.studymentor.com


About text l.jpg
About text least the first time.... Being a “virtual” professor is a little bit like parenthood. You are “on duty” all the time, and there seems to be no end to the demands on your time and energy. (Page 70)

  • Even though we have experienced tremendous developments in online education during the last 15 years, it is interesting to observe that written communication, perhaps the most important part of online teaching and learning, has not changed much. Most communication still consists of plain text, and the time it takes to turn on the computer, receive e-mail and compose messages has not been reduced. (Page 287)

Part Four: Trends and Future Developments

Paulsen, M. F. 2003. Online Education and Learning Management Systems www.studymentor.com


About speech synthesis l.jpg
About speech synthesis least the first time.... Being a “virtual” professor is a little bit like parenthood. You are “on duty” all the time, and there seems to be no end to the demands on your time and energy. (Page 70)

  • The recent development in speech synthesis has made it so understandable and user-friendly that more learners may benefit from it. These include blind students, dyslectic students, and students who for example spend much time in a car. It is conceivable that in the future it would be just as easy and inexpensive to “speech” a text as it is to print it. (Page 292)

Part Four: Trends and Future Developments

Paulsen, M. F. 2003. Online Education and Learning Management Systems www.studymentor.com


About mice l.jpg
About mice least the first time.... Being a “virtual” professor is a little bit like parenthood. You are “on duty” all the time, and there seems to be no end to the demands on your time and energy. (Page 70)

  • …campus-based students are increasingly voting with their mouse and taking significant parts of their undergraduate degrees online from other institutions. (Page 303)

Part Four: Trends and Future Developments

Paulsen, M. F. 2003. Online Education and Learning Management Systems www.studymentor.com


About penetration and money l.jpg
About penetration and money least the first time.... Being a “virtual” professor is a little bit like parenthood. You are “on duty” all the time, and there seems to be no end to the demands on your time and energy. (Page 70)

  • Online education becomes mainstream education in Scandinavia. Before year 2000, typical universities piloted a few online courses with some pioneering students. Today, many higher education institutions are implementing online education services to all their students. Even primary schools offer online services to many teachers, students, and parents. This illustrates that the current mega trend in online education is the transition from small-scale experiments to large-scale operations. Still, few institutions can claim that the provision of Web-based courses has been an economic success. So, to obtain a sound economy for large-scale operation, some sort of industrialization of online education must be considered.

Part Four: Trends and Future Developments

Paulsen, M. F. 2003. Online Education and Learning Management Systems www.studymentor.com


Ordering information l.jpg
Ordering information least the first time.... Being a “virtual” professor is a little bit like parenthood. You are “on duty” all the time, and there seems to be no end to the demands on your time and energy. (Page 70)

  • You may order the book from

  • www.nkiforlaget.no

Paulsen, M. F. 2003. Online Education and Learning Management Systems www.studymentor.com


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