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British Military Transformation and Afghanistan. Professor Theo Farrell Dept of War Studies King’s College London. US military transformation. 2001 QDR: transformation “at the heart” of a “new strategic approach” Rooted in RMA of 1990s

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british military transformation and afghanistan

British Military Transformation and Afghanistan

Professor Theo Farrell

Dept of War Studies

King’s College London

us military transformation
US military transformation
  • 2001 QDR: transformation “at the heart” of a “new strategic approach”
  • Rooted in RMA of 1990s
  • Transformation = technology + new concepts and organization
  • Core concepts: NCW and EBO
slide5

NCW benefits-chain

Network

Information

Situation awareness

Self-synchronization

Mission effectiveness

european opinion
European opinion?
  • A new paradigm of warfare
  • Network enabled & effects based
  • Expeditionary & medium weight
many transformation gaps
Many transformation gaps
  • Britain: culture & cost constraints
  • France: strategic use
  • Germany: bureaucratic obstacles
  • Spain: rhetorical use
  • Romania: new narrative
british military transformation
British military transformation

Must “move away from simplistic platform-centric planning, to a fully ‘network-enabled capability’ able to exploit effects-based planning and operations, using forces which are truly adaptable, capable of even greater precision and rapidly deployable”

Defence Secretary, Geoff Hoon

Defence White Paper 2003

network enabled capability
Network Enabled Capability
  • NEC “at the heart of our transformation.”
  • NEC = “the coherent integration of sensors, decision-makers, weapon systems and support capabilities to achieve the desired effect”

DWP 2003

nec evolutionary approach
NEC evolutionary approach
  • Initial state (2012)
  • Transitional state (2017)
  • Mature state (2030)
acquiring nec
Acquiring NEC
  • NEC embedded across the equip plan: in 60% of 500+ projects
  • Key progs: DII, BOWMAN, SKYNET 5,
  • Transforming battlespace and business space
  • DSTL study on NCW benefits-chain: human element
slide24

National Strategic Aim/

National Strategic Objectives

Governance

DC 2

Operational End-state

Create the security conditions that enable:

Lasting peace in which the threat of violence and civil war has been curtailed

Country ‘X’ to generate mature political structures, supported by reliable infrastructure and governance, providing prosperity and security for all its people.

Self-Governance Established

DC 1

Interim Governance Provided

Security

Political Process

DC 3

DC 4

Secure Environment Maintained

DC 6

Self-Sustaining Security Established

Elected Government Empowered

Operational

Centre of

Gravity

Reconstruction

DC 5

DC 7

DC 8

(Ability to

Govern)

Electoral Process Reformed

Sustained Infrastructure Established

Key Infrastructure Restored

british campaign 2006 2008
British campaign, 2006-2008
  • 16 bde: ‘inkspot’ to platoon house
  • 3 cdo: chasing the Taliban
  • 12 mech: big sweeps
  • 52 bde: ‘clear, hold, build’
  • 16 bde: Kajaki Dam
clearing central helmand
Clearing Central Helmand
  • 3 Cdo 2008 - Op SOND CHARA
  • 19 Bde 2009 - Op PANCHAI PALANG
  • 11 Bde 2010 – Op MOSHTARAK
ebao in afghanistan
EBAO in Afghanistan
  • soft effects and influence ops
  • cultural understanding
  • messaging: “talking our way in”
ouch the 2010 sdsr
Ouch! The 2010 SDSR
  • CSR 2010: real cut 8% over 4 yrs
  • Most cuts in 2013-15
  • Inherited overspend £38 bn
  • Def expenditure as % GDP:
the adaptable posture
The adaptable posture
  • More than a buzz word?
  • CT, cyber, and natural disasters
  • Adaptable in Afghanistan:

- deliver range of civil effects in non-permissive environments

- secure and stabilise for civilian partners

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