Global Higher Education Rankings: Affordability and Accessibility in Comparative Perspective
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Global Higher Education Rankings: Affordability and Accessibility in Comparative Perspective Student Financial Aid Research Network Conference, Chicago IL 10 June 2005 Alex Usher Vice-President (Research) and Director (Canada) Amy Cervenan Research Associate Educational Policy Institute.

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Objectives

Global Higher Education Rankings: Affordability and Accessibility in Comparative Perspective Student Financial Aid Research Network Conference, Chicago IL 10 June 2005Alex UsherVice-President (Research) and Director (Canada)Amy CervenanResearch Associate Educational Policy Institute


Objectives

Objectives

  • Create comparable cross-national data on the affordability and accessibility of higher education

  • Discuss what is meant by “affordability” and “accessibility” of higher education

  • Preliminary exploration of links between them


Affordability weightings

Affordability Weightings

Indicator Weightings

  • Education Costs EC (10%)

  • Total Costs TC (10%)

  • Net Costs NC (25%)

  • NC After Tax Expenditures (15%)

  • Out of Pocket Costs OOPC (25%)

  • OOPC After Tax Expenditures (15%)

    Indicators reflect:

  • Student cost measures

  • Role of supports (grants, tax, loans)


Accessibility weightings

Accessibility Weightings

Indicator Weightings:

  • Participation Rate (25%)

  • Attainment Rate (25%)

  • Educational Equity Index (40%)

  • Gender Parity Index (10%)

    Indicators reflect system

  • Size: how many go (50%)

  • Composition: who goes (50%)


Major data sources consulted

Major Data Sources Consulted

International:

  • Eurostudent Project 2000

  • ICHEFAP, SUNY Buffalo

  • OECD database & Education at a Glance 2004

  • UNESCO Institute for Statistics

  • National statistics bureaus and ministries

  • Student Financial Support (Vossensteyn 2004)

  • Country specific reports (e.g. Japan’s Education at a Glance 2004, Price of Knowledge 2004)

    USA:

  • NCES Digest of Education

  • 2004 NASSGAP survey

  • College Board, Trends in Student Aid 2003


Education costs

Education Costs

  • Education Costs (EC): tuition and fees

  • USA EC is weighted by participation in public and private 4 year institutions


Total cost

Total Cost

  • Total costs (TC) : EC and Living Costs

  • The gap between countries narrows


Total cost affordability

Total Cost Affordability

  • Per student TC as a fraction of GDP/capita

  • Ability to pay influences access

    • Cost data inputs > ATP data scores for rankings


Grants

Grants

  • Average grant per student

    (as with all supports: G, TE, L)


Tax expenditures

Tax Expenditures


Loans

Loans


Out of pocket cost perspective

Out-of-pocket Cost Perspective


Out of pocket affordability perspective

Out-of-pocket Affordability Perspective


Affordability rankings

Sweden

Finland

The Netherlands

Belgium (Flemish)

Ireland

Belgium (French)

Austria

Germany

9. France

Italy

Canada

Australia

United States

United Kingdom

New Zealand

Japan

Affordability Rankings


Participation

Participation

  • Participation rate of largest 4-year cohort


Attainment

Attainment

  • Attainment rate of population aged 25-34


Educational equity index eei

Educational Equity Index (EEI)

  • EEI described in A New Measuring Stick

  • Quantifies over-representation of students’ educational background relative to the population

  • Calculation:

    EEI = 100* (% of males 45-65 w/ HE)

    (% of students w/ fathers w/ HE)


Eei data and scores

EEI Data and Scores


Gender parity index

Gender Parity Index


Accessibility rankings

The Netherlands

Finland

United Kingdom

United States

Canada

Australia

Ireland

8. France

9. Sweden

Italy

Germany

Belgium

Austria

Accessibility Rankings


Global higher education rankings affordability and accessibility in comparative perspective

Global Higher Education Rankings: Affordability and Accessibility in Comparative Perspective

http://www.educationalpolicy.org/pdf/Global2005.pdf

www.educationalpolicy.org

[email protected]

[email protected]


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