Nullification Crisis. State rights Vs Federal authority. First-tariffs of Abominations. Congress placed high tariffs on imports’ Southerners angry over tariffs Called it Tariffs of Abominations MEANS a hateful thing. Nullification Crises.
Congress placed high tariffs on imports’
Southerners angry over tariffs
Tariffs of Abominations
MEANS a hateful thing
Calhoun did support a strong central government but…..
When Congress passed the tariffs of Abominations he protested it along with other Southerners
Previous tariffs and economic depression had severely damaged South Carolinas economy
In response he drafted South Carolina Exposition and Protest
Wanted to advance states rights which means since the states had formed the National Government states power should be greater than federal power
He believed that states had the right to nullify or reject any federal law that states thought were unconstitutional
One person from northern states claimed that the people and not the states made up the union
Dispute became known as the nullification crisis
Jackson disagreed with Calhoun’s reasoning
He feared that nullification would destroy the Union.
Many of the earlier supporters of states rights were Jefferson and Madison.
Calhoun’s theory went further
Stated state states could judge whether a law was or was not constitutional
Debated intensely on the floor of the Senate
Haynes (of S. C.)said that states rights were a lawful way to protest against the Federal Gov.
Daniel Webster believed that one nation, not a pact among independent states
He believed that the welfare of the nation should override that of individual states.
Jackson opposed nullification
Concerned about economic problems in South
Asked Congress to pass another tariff lowering the rate
South Carolina thought this was inadequate
They decided to test the doctrine of states’ rights
South Carolina passed the Nullification Act
They declared that they would not pay illegal tariffs.
State threatened to secede (break away) from the union if Federal Gov. interfered.
Jackson Asked Congress to pass the Force Bill giving him power to use military force to enforce the law
So. Carolina accepted new tariff but nullified the Force bill
1) Do you think that South Carolina had a right to pass a law to nullify a federal Law? Why or Why Not?
2) Do you think Pres. Jackson was right on his response to South Carolina? Why or Why Not?