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Belfast Meeting. UMH Ángel Carbonell Francisco Burló Antonio Signes. Food Safety. SA3. Task “Estimation of daily dietary arsenic intake from water and foods”. Food Safety.

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Belfast Meeting

UMH

Ángel Carbonell

Francisco Burló

Antonio Signes


Food Safety

SA3. Task “Estimation of daily dietary arsenic intake from water and foods”.


Food Safety

The agreement with RKVM is already signed and RKVM has appointed Ms. Kasturi Mitra, who has submitted her Ph.D. dissertation in March 2005 (Environmental Science).

RKVM has already sent rice samples and they have reached Alicante without any problems at the Spanish customs.

RKVM is preparing the plot at the site for plant growing using treated water.

Besides, samples of crops included in the following table are being collected and air-mail to Spain for analyses.


Food Safety

If possible, we will try to get samples from the same items before and after the monsoon to study the effect of this event on As concentration in the crops.


Food Safety

Food Habits Survey (Kasturi)  Estimation of As Intake  Evaluation of Risks


Fertilizers

SA3. Task “Effect of fertilizers such as phosphates on arsenic mobility in the soil”.


Fertilizers

Woolson (1975) concluded that:

Low levels of phosphorus added to an arsenic toxic soil will displace arsenic from soil particles to increase the toxicity to plants, but larger applications of phosphorus will compete at the root surface and decrease toxicity.

Carbonell-Barrachina et al. (1998) concluded that:

Since P can be substituted for As in plant, but is unable to carry out P’s role in energy transfer, the plant reacts as if there is a P deficiency. Thus, as plant As increases, the plant reacts by increasing both P and As uptake.



Anaerobic Soil

Aerobic Soil

Highly

Moderately

Reducing

Oxidizing

Reducing

Reducing

C Dioxide ---> Methane

Arsenate ---> Arsenite

Nitrate ---> Nitrogen

Oxygen ---> Water

Sulfate ---> Sulfur

Mn(IV) ---> Mn(II)

Fe(III) ---> Fe(II)

3

2

1

-300

-200

+400

-100

0

+100

+200

+300

Redox Potential (mV)

Fertilizers


Air

Air

Eh-meter

Nitrogen

Nitrogen

Anaerobic System

Intermediate Syst.

Aerobic System

Fertilizers




Fertilizers

Under oxidizing conditions, As will be eventually co-precipitated and became immobilized by formation of insoluble, hydrated iron oxides. Immobilization will also occur with other high surface-area compounds such as organic matter


Fertilizers

Under reducing conditions, sulfides play an important role in retaining As. A high availability of sulfur sources will help to reduce and keep to a minimum As solubility by precipitating arsenic as insoluble sulfides.


Belfast Meeting

UMH

Ángel Carbonell

Francisco Burló

Antonio Signes


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