Gambling on Campus Is Risky Business . Magna Publications Audio Conference November 1, 2006 Presenters: Jeffrey Marotta, Ph. D Wendy Hausotter, MPH Oregon Department of Human Services. Source: USA Today – December 23, 2005. Campus Gambling is in the News. A Perfect Storm?. A ge:
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Gambling on Campus Is Risky Business
Magna Publications Audio Conference
November 1, 2006
Jeffrey Marotta, Ph. D
Wendy Hausotter, MPH
Oregon Department of Human Services
Source: USA Today – December 23, 2005
Source: Annenberg Public Policy Center
“At the college and university level, poker is pretty much the hottest thing going” Mike Edwards, Business Development Manager for absolutepoker.com
and 4% once a week or more
Gambling behavior which causes or disruptions in any major area of life: psychological, physical, social or vocational
Persistent and recurrent maladaptive gambling behavior that disrupts personal, family or vocational pursuits
Source: Shaffer & Hall (2002). Updating and refining meta-analytic prevalence estimates of disordered gambling behavior in the United States and Canada. Canadian Journal of Public Health, 92(3), 169-172
High Risk Groups
& Other Correlates
Source: Rockey, Beason, & Gilbert (2002). Gambling by college athletes: An association between problem gambling and athletes. EJGS: 7
2002 study on 954 students from 9 universities belonging to Southeastern Conference.
Results: Male athletes risk of developing PG is about 3X higher than average student.
Source: Rockey, 2002; Southeastern Conference (SEC) study
weekly or daily user of alcohol or illicit drugs
relatively high disposable income
raised by a parent with a gambling problem
NOT associated with problem gambling:
amount of credit card debt
school class level
Source: Winters, 1998
Frequent, or spends more time gambling
Sticks to limits of money to play with
Plays with $ that is needed or borrowed
Hopes to win but
expects to lose
Expects to win; keeps playing to win back losses
Can take it or
Pre-occupied with gambling
Are we dealing with an epidemic?
What colleges and universities are doing to address issue
468 first year college students followed from age 18 to 29 (four data points at year 1,4,7, & 11)
Overall prevalence of past-year problems remained steady throughout the 11 years (2-3%) with lifetime prevalence of 10.3%.
75% of freshman with PG reported no problem as seniors.
Results suggest that gambling problems are not a persistent condition but rather people move in and out of problem gambling stages somewhat fluidly.
Source: Slutske, Jackson, & Sher (2003). The natural history of problem gambling from age 18 to 29. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 112, 263-274.
Source: Shaffer, Donato, LaBrie, Kidman, & LaPlante (2005). The epidemiology of college alcohol and gambling policies. Harm Reduction Journal 2005, 2:1
Methods: Information collected from 119 colleges using 40 item data collection instrument.
Results: All schools had a student alcohol use policy, only 26 schools (22%) had a gambling policy.
Conclusion: Since there are few college gambling-related policies, schools are missing an opportunity to inform students about the dangers of excessive gambling.
What Colleges Can Do
applies equally to 2- and 4-year institutions
and recovery groups
Includes a chapter on state-supported gambling with discussion, debates and assignments
Topics: signs, symptoms, referral and support
1) Have you ever felt the need to bet more and more money?
2) Have you ever had to lie to people important to you about how much you gambled?
Handout offers an extensive list
there are many
pieces to an
effort like this, and
even one piece