Observation development chapter 4
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Observation & Development Chapter 4. Emotional Development Nita Thomason Ed. D. Nature or Nurture? Do you think emotional development is primarily a function of genetics or environment?. Emotional Development. Parenting Styles. Authoritarian Permissive Authoritative Neglectful.

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Observation & Development Chapter 4

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Observation development chapter 4

Observation & DevelopmentChapter 4

Emotional Development

Nita Thomason Ed.D.


Emotional development

Nature or Nurture?

Do you think emotional development is primarily a function of genetics or environment?

Emotional Development


Parenting styles

Parenting Styles

  • Authoritarian

  • Permissive

  • Authoritative

  • Neglectful


Emotions of preschoolers

Emotions of Preschoolers

  • Distress

  • Anger

  • Fear

  • Sadness

  • Surprise

  • Interest

  • Affection

  • Joy


Goal of preschool teacher

Goal of Preschool Teacher

To help children develop emotionally, the preschool teacher should be concerned with promoting positive responses and teaching management of inappropriate responses.


Helping children manage inappropriate emotional reactions

Helping Children Manage Inappropriate Emotional Reactions

  • Remove or reduce the cause of the emotion

  • Diffuse the child’s negative response by allowing him to “let it out” through crying, talking, or transferring his feelings into nondestructive actions.

  • Offer support, comfort, and ideas for self-control.

  • Model controlled behavior yourself

  • Give children the opportunity to talk about feelings in a nonemotional setting.


Principal causes of distress in child care setting

Principal Causes of Distress in Child Care Setting

  • Separation from mother

  • Physical discomfort/pain

  • Rejection by peers

  • Dissatisfaction with performance

  • Stressful family situation – birth of new baby, death, hospitalization, a move, or a divorce


Relieving stress

Relieving Stress

  • Give comfort

  • Allow child to cry

  • Redirect attention

  • Help the child to verbalize – through play, art, or drawing


Anger

Anger

The emotion that results when we are physically or psychologically restrained from doing something, frustrated in our attempts, interrupted, personally insulted, or forced to do something against our will.


What acts of aggression might a teacher of preschoolers expect in her classroom

What acts of aggression might a teacher of preschoolers expect in her classroom?


Ways to redirect an angry child

Ways to redirect an angry child

  • Pound playdoh

  • Throw beanbag

  • Punch pillow

  • Pound hammer

  • Listen to music

  • Hit tetherball

  • Kick soccer ball

  • Use rhythm band instruments

  • Finger painting


Fear anxiety

Fear/Anxiety

Remains calm in difficult or dangerous situations


Overcomes sad feelings in appropriate manner

Overcomes Sad Feelings in Appropriate Manner

  • Demonstrate Sympathy

  • Provide a Quiet Space

  • Give the Child Time

  • Talk Privately to the Child

  • Read a Book


Young children cope with death

Young Children Cope with Death

  • Major Concepts of Death

    irreversible and permanent

    life functions stop

    everyone must die

  • Helping Young Children Cope

  • Funerals


Surprise startle

Surprise/Startle

Handles sudden changes/startling situations with control


Shyness shame

Shyness/Shame

Does not withdraw from others excessively


Helping the shy child

Helping the Shy Child

  • Focus on the child’s strengths

  • Do not dwell on shyness

  • Pair with another child

  • Work with the parents


Shows fondness affection connection love toward others

Shows fondness, affection, connection, love toward others

  • Nearness

  • Touch

  • Nonverbal cues

  • Verbal affirmations


Shows interest attention in classroom activities

Shows interest/attention in classroom activities


Joy and humor

Joy and Humor

Smiles, seems happy much of the time


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