Urinary system
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Urinary System. Quick Review. Tell your neighbor your favorite movie Tell your neighbor what you would do with 1,000,000 dollars! Turn to your neighbor and tell him/her the four major parts of the urinary system. Problems of the Urinary System.

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Urinary System

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Urinary system

Urinary System


Quick review

Quick Review

  • Tell your neighbor your favorite movie

  • Tell your neighbor what you would do with 1,000,000 dollars!

  • Turn to your neighbor and tell him/her the four major parts of the urinary system


Problems of the urinary system

Problems of the Urinary System

  • 1. Cystitis – inflammation of the bladder caused by a bacterial infection

  • 2. Urethritis- inflammation of the urethra caused by bacterial infection.

    • Important – if you experience a burning pain during urination, increased urination, or blood in urine, you need to see a doctor ASAP! You may have these disorders!


Kidney problems

Kidney Problems

  • 1. Nephritis – inflammation of nephrons in kidneys.

    • This leads to a changed amount of urine produced.

  • 2. Kidney Stones – formed when salts in the urine crystallize into solid stones

    • If the stone moves into the ureter, it causes immense pain

    • Smaller stones may pass, but stones larger than 1 cm have to be broken down using shock waves

    • Sometimes, surgery is required


Urinary system

  • Kidney Stone Video Clip


Kidney failure

Kidney Failure

  • 1. Sometimes, our kidneys do not function

  • 2. This can be caused by infection, decreased blood flow, or diseases that damage kidney tissue

  • 3. So…what do we do? How do we treat it?


Urinary system

  • 4. We can use hemodialysis – an artificial kidney machine removes waste products from the blood

    • Takes 3-5 hrs and is done 3-4 times per week

    • YouTube - Hemodialysis machine

  • 5. We can also have a kidney transplant

    • Basically, an organ donor gives a healthy kidney to someone in need


Prostate cancer

Prostate Cancer


How do i keep the urinary system healthy

How do I keep the urinary system healthy?

  • Drink at least 8 glasses of water a day

  • Limit your intake of caffeine and soft drinks

  • This can increase water loss through urine, thus dehydrating your body

  • Take more showers than baths

    • Eliminates the risk of infections due to contaminated water


Be proactive

Be Proactive!!!

  • 1. If you experience pain, burning, or blood during urination, you need to tell a doctor AS SOON AS POSSIBLE!!!


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