TEXTILE ARTS. Objects constructed using fibres that are aesthetic or functional . Textile art is the creation of textiles or creation with textiles. A fibre is a unit of matter that is at least 100 times longer than it is thick. Traditions Religion Climate and Geographic location Landform
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Objects constructed using fibres that are aesthetic or functional .
Textile art is the creation of textiles or creation with textiles.
A fibre is a unit of matter that is at least 100 times longer than it is thick
Factors that influence the textile arts of a country
Kemben- is a long narrow strip of batik cloth, tightly wound around the chest and left the shoulder bare.
Stagen or belt
Sarong- sewn together
Kain panjang- if left unsewn & longer
Selendang around neck
Ikat kepala or Head-cloth is usually worn by men at formal occasions. The ikat head cloth can be tied in a various ways to form a turban. At one time you could tell the rank of a man in Indonesia by the way he wore his turban.
Coir from coconut husks
Songket Silk-gold and silver threads are woven into the cloth to create complex motifs of birds, butterflies and flowers.
There is two main kind of batik designs: geometric and free form.
Ceplok is a general name for a whole series of geometric designs based on squares, rhombs, circles, stars, etc. Although fundamentally geometric, ceplok can also represent abstractions and stylisation of flowers, buds, seeds and even animals.
Parang was once used exclusively by the royal courts of Central Java.
The Hindus introduced the sacred bird - Garuda, the sacred flower - lotus, the dragon - Naga and the tree of life. Islam, since it forbids the depiction of humans or animals, brought stylized and modified ornaments as symbols, i.e., flowers and geometric designs.
Weft Ikat weaving- weft threads are dyed to create the design and then woven with plain warp threads. These cloths are recognisable by their abstract designs and bright colours.
Geringsing, or double-ikat weaving is the most sought after. This is when both the warp and weft threads are dyed to their final designs before being woven together
Men usually did the dyeing process, and dances or ceremonies were performed to ensure a successful result.