Textile arts
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Textile Arts. Arts and Craft that use plant, animal, or synthetic fibers to construct practical or decorative objects. The word textile is from Latin texere which means "to weave", "to braid" or "to construct”.

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Textile Arts

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Textile arts

Textile Arts

Arts and Craft that use plant, animal, or synthetic fibers to construct practical or decorative objects


The word textile is from latin texere which means to weave to braid or to construct

The word textile is from Latin texerewhich means "to weave", "to braid" or "to construct”


Textile arts

Most textile arts begin with twisting or spinning and plying fibers to make yarn called thread when it is very fine and rope when it is very heavy.

Yarn spinning plant in

North Carolina

The simplest textile art is felting, in which animal fibers are matted together using heat and moisture


Textile arts

The yarn is then knotted, looped, braided, or woven tomake flexible fabric or cloth, and cloth can be used tomake clothing and soft furnishings.


Textiles have been a fundamental part of human life since the beginning of civilization

Textiles have been a fundamental part of human life since the beginning of civilization.

The methods and materials to make them have changed enormously

But the function of textiles has remained the same

From hand looms to massive industrial machines

From silk

to polyester

Clothing and Carpets


Textile arts

The Paracas culture of Peru produced some of the most “dazzling” textiles the world has seen. The Director of the British Museum, in selecting 100 objects to tell the history of the world, chose a fragment of a Paracas textile. “These textile fragments are made of alpaca or llama wool and would originally have been part of a cloak. They depict flying shamans grasping human heads in their talons. The bottom figure carries a knife used to behead his victim. They werefound wrapped aroundmummified bodies in the great ParacasNecropolis inPeru. These 2000-yea oldtextiles were preserved in thedry, dark conditions ofthe tomb.” The fragmentshown is dated about 300 BC.


Textile arts

From early times, textiles have been used to cover the human body and protect it from the elements; to send social clues to other people; to store, secure, and protect possessions; and to soften, insulate, and decorate living spaces and surfaces.


The history of textile arts is also the history of international trade

The history of textile arts is also the history of international trade

Tyrian purple dye was an important trade good in the ancient Mediterranean

The silk road brought the trade of Chinese silk to India, Africa

and Europe

  • Silk was a rare and special textile

  • Fabric dyes were valuable


Everyone wants special textiles

  • Felt hat

  • Carpet

  • Curtain

  • Tablecloth

  • Lace collar

  • Tights

  • Brocade attire

Everyone wants specialtextiles

Tastes for luxury fabrics lead to sumptuary laws during the Middle Ages and the Renaissance

Jacobean era portrait of Henry Frederick, Prince of Wales, by Robert Peake the Elder


The industrial revolution was a revolution of textile technology

The industrial revolution was a revolution of textile technology

The cotton gin

The power

loom

The spinning jenny


Textile artisans are replaced by machines

Textile Artisansare replaced bymachines

The Luddites were 19th-century English textile artisans who protested against the newly-developed, labor-saving machinery from 1811 to 1817. The stocking frames, spinning frames and power looms introduced during the industrial revolution made it possible to replace the artisans with less-skilled, low-wage laborers, leaving them without work.


Textile arts

The textile arts also include those techniques which are used to embellish or decorate textiles – dyeing and printing to add color and pattern; embroidery and other types of needlework; tablet weaving; and lace-making.


Textile arts

Construction methods such as sewing, knitting, crochet, and tailoring, as well as the tools employed (looms and sewing needles), techniques employed (quilting and pleating) and the objects made (carpets, hooked rugs, and coverlets) all fall under the category of textile arts.


All of these items felt yarn and fabric finished objects are collectively referred to as textiles

All of these items – felt, yarn, and fabric, finished objects – are collectively referred to as textiles.


Textile arts

Textiles as art - the term fiber art or textile art is now used to describe textile-based decorative objects which are not intended for practical use.


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