Purpose. To provide the new recruit with the proper training on the skills required in taking and passing the fire departments physical agility test.. Section I. Firefighter Safety and PPE. Objectives. Identify the various types of fire service protective clothing such as structural, wild land, and ARFF. Also identify their components:TurnoutsHelmets GlovesBootsSCBA.
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1. PHYSICAL AGILITY TEST TRAINING CLASS COUNTY ROAD 143
VOLUNTEER FIRE DEPARTMENT
2. Purpose To provide the new recruit with the proper training on the skills required in taking and passing the fire departments physical agility test.
3. Section I Firefighter Safety and PPE
4. Objectives Identify the various types of fire service protective clothing such as structural, wild land, and ARFF. Also identify their components:
5. Objectives Identify procedures for inspecting, cleaning, and maintaining the components of a personal protective ensemble after each use
Describe limitations of personnel working in a personal protective ensemble
6. Objective Identify the safety procedures and precautions during fire apparatus operations:
Attire to be worn while riding on apparatus responding to an alarm
Describe list safety precautions required while riding fire apparatus.
7. INTRODUCTION Firefighters require the best personal protective equipment available because of the hostile environment in which they perform their duties.
Providing and using quality protective equipment will not necessarily guarantee firefighter safety; however injuries can be reduced and prevented if PPE is used.
8. INTRODUCTION All PPE has inherent limitations that must be recognized so that firefighters do not overextend the items range of protection.
Extensive training in the use and maintenance of equipment provides optimum protection
9. Safety and PPE All firefighters operating at an emergency scene must wear full protective equipment suitable to that incident.
PPE refers to the Personal Protective equipment that must be worn while performing our job.
Full PPE for structural firefighting consist of the following.
10. Structural Firefighting PPE Helmet- Protects head from impact and puncture injuries as well as from scalding water and some heat from fire.
Protective Hood- Protects portions of the firefighters face, ears, and neck not covered by the helmet.
Protective coat and trousers- Protect trunk and limbs against cuts,abrasions and burn injuries( resulting in radiant heat) and provide limited protection from corrosive liquids INSTRUCTOR TO HAVE PIECES OF EQUIPMENT OUT ON DISPLAY FOR STUDENTS TO SEE AS YOU EXPLAIN EACH PIECE. INSTRUCTOR TO HAVE PIECES OF EQUIPMENT OUT ON DISPLAY FOR STUDENTS TO SEE AS YOU EXPLAIN EACH PIECE.
11. Structural Firefighting PPE Gloves- Protect the hands from cuts, wounds and burn injuries
Safety Shoes or Boots – Protect the feet from burn injuries and puncture wounds
Eye protection- Protects the wearer’s eyes from flying solid particles or liquids.
Hearing Protection- Limits noise-induced damage to the firefighters ears when loud noise situations cannot be avoided.
12. Structural Firefighting PPE Self-contained Breathing Apparatus (SCBA) – Protects the face and lungs from toxic smoke and products of combustion
Personal alert safety system (PASS)- Provides life safety protection by emitting a loud shriek if the firefighter should collapse or remain motionless fro approximately 30 seconds. Ensure to have the SCBA available for demonstrationEnsure to have the SCBA available for demonstration
13. NFPA 1971 Standard on Protective Ensemble for structural fire fighting.
All components of the Ensemble must be manufactured to this standard. And have a label on them that identifies that it meets this standard.
14. COATS & TROUSERS The heart of the structural PPE.
Rely on a layered protection system that includes a fire resistive outer shell, vapor barrier, and thermal barrier.
15. SAFETY All three layers must be intact and in place for the entire system to function. With Out these layers injury or death can happen during fire suppression operations.
16. These three layers help meet there thermal protective criteria- insulation that minimizes the chance the wearer will be burned.
TPP - Thermal Protective Performance-
Minimal accepted TPP for coats and pants is a rating of 35
Means the wearer has 35 seconds of protection before a second degree burn is likely to be sustained when exposed to flames.
17. Has reflective trim to increase the visibility of the wearer to others.
Flaps, wristlets, and fastening devices are all designed to seal the ensemble and to provide a protective interface with gloves, hoods, boots, and helmets.
18. HELMETS First design to help shed water and prevent hot embers from falling down on the firefighters neck, back and ears.
Newer helmets still have this classic design but with newer safety features that exceed the helmet of yesteryear.
19. The newer helmets have impact resistance; thermal insulation; ear flaps; chinstraps and clear or tinted face shields
20. HOODS Important interface that creates an encapsulating link to the firefighters helmet, coat, and scba face piece.
Made out of fire resistive, form fitting cloth, that protects the face, ears, hair, and neck in areas not covered by the helmet, the coat collar, and scba face piece.
21. GLOVES Hand protection is essential in the structural ensemble.
Gloves meeting the NFPA standards must provide thermal protection as well as protection from cuts, punctures, and scrapes.
Dexterity Is almost always reduced when wearing structural gloves.
22. Tips on Gloves The dexterity complaint is common from firefighters.
Ways to reduce this frustration
23. BOOTS Choices in footwear have grown over the past 15 years.
Common Rubber Boot
Leather Pull up Boot
Leather Lace up Boot
Each has advantages and disadvantages but all must meet the NFPA standard on foot protection.
24. Common Rubber Boot Easy to don
Excellent water Repellency
25. Leather Pull up Light weight
Minimal ankle support
Can be made for haz-mat chemical spills
26. Leather Lace Up Tight Fit
27. MISCELLANEOUS PPE COMPONENTS Eye protection
Goggles, safety glasses, and wrap around shields
Rigid ear muffs Headsets
28. Pass Devices Small motion sensitive device that is battery powered and includes a loud audible and some with visual alarms.
Senses the firefighters motion, as long as it sense the movement it will not activate, but as soon as the fire fighter remains in active for a set time period the devices begins to go through its alarm process.
29. Most new pass devices are an integral part of the SCBA.
30. Wildland Fire Gear Fighting wildland fires in structural fire gear can invite strained necks, heat stroke, and sprained ankles.
Wildland gear addresses the specific needs of the wildland environment.
Provides breath ability
Firm ankle support
Hot ember protection
31. Designed to be worn over undergarments.
Should be 100 percent cotton or of fire resistive material.
Can be in the form of a Coat and trousers, or jumpsuit, coveralls.
32. Care and Maintenance Follow the specific instructions given by the manufacture.
NFPA requires manufactures to clearly label care instructions for cleaning each piece of equipment.
Information should include warning that the user should not wear equipment that is not toughly clean and dry.
33. Wearing clothing that is not dry can lead to reduced thermal resistance and burns.
Equipment exposed to biological and chemical contaminates should be decontaminated in accordance to the manufactures instructions.
NFPA 1581 states that clothing should be cleaned every six months as minimum.
However PPE that gets dirty should be cleaned immediately.
34. PPE should be routinely inspected.
Do team checks of bunker gear.
When necessary old gear should be retired and disposed of as suggested by the manufacture.
Practice good PPE habits and have good attitude about safety.
35. Limitations of Wearing PPE Weight of all Equipment
Impaired sensory perception
36. Safety Procedures & Precautions During Fire Apparatus Ops. Attire for riding in an apparatus while responding to an alarm.
Dress For the Worse
You can always dress down when you get to the scene.
Full PPE should be worn and scba should be prepared to be donned.
37. Safety Procedures during Apparatus Operations Safety while riding in apparatus at all times
Wear your safety belt
No riding on the tailboard of the apparatus at any time.
Remain seated and belted until officer gives orders.
Try to keep talking down to a minimum.
Listen to radio traffic and officers orders.
38. SECTION II SCBA
Self Contained Breathing Apparatus
39. OBJECTIVES To don the SCBA
40. Donning the SCBA. There are three methods commonly used by firefighters to don the SCBA.
The coat method
The over the head method
The seat method or mounted method.
41. The Coat Method Pick up the SCBA by on of the shoulder straps.
Put one arm through on of the shoulder straps and slid it up on to the shoulder.
Like a coat swing the other shoulder strap to the opposite and slide the strap on to that shoulder.
42. The Over The Head Method Either kneeling or standing grab the pack by the cylinder.
Pick it up over your head and let the shoulder straps dangle next to your arms
One by one put an arm through the straps.
Slide the pack over your head and down your back.
43. The Seat or Mounted Method While seated in the apparatus, grab both straps of the SCBA and slide both arms through the straps.
Make sure to tighten the straps to you desired fit.
44. The Seat Mounted Method Once the straps are tight you are ready to fasten the waist belt.
Don’t un hook your SCBA from the seat until the apparatus comes to a complete stop at the scene.
45. Recruit Demonstrations Have students Don PPE
SCBA using all three methods
46. Section III Ladder Ops
47. OBJECTIVES 3-1.01 Identify each type of ladder and define its use.
3-01.07 Raise the 24ft extension ladder using the one firefighter extension ladder raise method
48. OBJECTIVES 3-1.08 Climb the full length of the 24 ft extension ladder and Demonstrate the following
Carry firefighting tools or equipment while ascending and descending
Techniques of working from ground ladders with tools and appliances.
49. Identifying Ladder Types Straight
Closet / Chiefs / Attic / Folding
56. Raising Ladders One Man Extension Ladder Raise
Place the butt end of the ladder on the ground with the butt spurs against the wall of the building.
Grasp the rung in front of your shoulder with your free hand
57. Remove the opposite arm from between the rungs.
Step beneath the ladder
Grasp a convenient rung wit the other hand.
58. At this point the ladder should be flat with both butt spurs against the building.
Advance hand over hand down the rungs toward the butt until the ladder is in a vertical position.
Extend or Raise the ladder as needed by pulling the halyard until the ladder has been raised to the desired level and the pawls are engaged.
59. Note: care must be take to pull straight down on the halyard so that the ladder is not pulled over.
60. Position the ladder for climbing by pushing against an upper rung to keep the ladder against the building.
Grasp a lower rung with your other hand.
Move the ladder butt carefully out from the building to the desired location
61. Note: If necessary turn the ladder to bring the fly section to the out position
62. CLIMBING LADDERS Note: never climb a unsecured ladder.
A ladder should always be secured when fire fighters are climbing or working from a ladder
Two methods of securing can be used.
The heeling method
The Tying In method
63. Climbing Ladders Climb ladder smoothly and as rhythmically as possible. This reduces bounce and sway of the ladder.
Always check the ladder for proper angle before climb.
Keep eyes focused forward, occasionally glance at the tip of ladder.
Keep arms straight.
Keep hands on either rungs or beams.
64. LOCKING IN Climb to the desired height
Advance one rung higher
Slide the leg on the opposite side from the working side over and behind the rung that you will lock onto.
Hook your foot either on the rung or on the beam
Rest on your thigh
Step down with the opposite leg
65. USING TOOLS If you have to carry tools you should always carry that tool in one hand and it is desirable to slide the free hand under the beam while making the climb.
This method permits constant contact with the ladder.
Whenever possible a utility rope should be used to hoist tools and equipment rather than carrying.
66. SECTION 8 VENTILATION TOOLS
HOW TO USE THE VENT SAW
67. OBJECTIVE To identify the different types of saws used in ventilation.
To start and keep saws running
68. Identification of Saws We have two saws that can be used for ventilation on the fire ground
The Vent chainsaw
70. STIHL Vent Chain Saw
71. Starting Procedure For the STIHL Vent Saw Place the saw flat on the ground
Squeeze the throttle trigger lock and trigger @the same time.
Move the on switch to the choke position
Place the right foot under the handle and on the rest. Make sure to have the throttle trigger pressed in
72. Place the Right Hand on the saws front handle keeping the saw flat on the ground.
Grab the pull cord with the left hand and pull to start. Repeat until the saw starts.
Once running move the on switch to the run position and then you can operate the saw.
73. SECTION 9 RESCUE
74. OBJECTIVE To demonstrate the use of single firefighter incline drag, moving a hose dummy the distance of 20ft.
75. Firefighter Incline Drag If necessary turn the victim supine or over facing upwards
Kneel at the victims head
Support the victims head and neck
76. Lift the victims upper body into a sitting position
77. Reach under the victims arms
Grasp the victims wrists.
78. Stand up.
The victim can now be eased down a stairway or ramp or straight out to safety.
79. Section IV Hose Practices
80. Objectives To advance a dry fire line from an apparatus.
81. Advance the hose From the apparatus grab the specific hose line to use for the evolution
Pull the hose from the hose bed and begin to advance the line to the desired location.
Once in position give the signal to the apparatus operator to give you water.
Get prepared for the water and prepare to apply the fire stream necessary for evolution.
82. Section 6 Fire Streams
83. Objective Demonstrate how to open and close a nozzle.
84. Opening a nozzle Always open the nozzle as smooth as possible. You can open a nozzle fast or slow it doesn't matter.
Once open make the necessary adjustments in stance to compensate for the pressure needed.
Adjust the fire stream patter accordingly to the fire situation.
85. Closing the Nozzle Always shut down a nozzle slowly
This keeps from happening a condition known as water hammer
Water hammer is when the force of the water being pumped to the nozzle is suddenly stop causing a shockwave of pressure to follow back down the hose line through trucks pump and possibly to a water supply causing damage to the parts in-between the nozzle and the water supply.
86. WATER HAMMER Water Hammer is a pressure surge by the kinetic energy of a fluid in motion when it is forced to stop or change directions suddenly.
Quickly closing valves, nozzles or hydrants can create damaging pressure spikes causing:
Seals and gaskets
Destroyed hoses, piping and gauges.
87. THE END PRACTICE SKILLS UNTIL
READY FOR TEST