Nez Perce Indians.
Nez Perce Indians
They got their name from the French explorers who thought that the tribes practiced or were supposed to practice the custom of piercing the nose, but the people of the tribe never actually did this. Historians are confused about why the name stuck. The people of this tribe like to be called
Nimi'ipuu, which means the "real people"
Plants they ate included camas bulbs, bitterroot, bark, pine nuts, moss, sunflower seeds, wild carrots, wild onions, and several varieties of berries.
They lived in mat-covered long houses. The length varied, but could be over 100 feet long. These dwellings were used for ceremonial purposes, and for winter housing by several families.
The Nez Perce followed their food source seasonally. They would use earthen houses and later, teepees,as temporary houses. How did the environment affect their housing?
The men wore long, fringed buckskin shirts, leggings, belts, moccasins and a feathered bonnet. In the cold weather, men wore buffalo or bison skin robes.
Women wore long, belted buckskin dresses, corn husk basketry hats, and knee length moccasins. The dresses were decorated with elk teeth, beads made of shell, bone, and later glass, porcupine quills, and vegetable and mineral dyes.