Theories of meaning
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Theories of Meaning. Referential Theory of Meaning Use Theory of Meaning Speech-act Theory of Meaning Hermeneutic Theory of Meaning Post-Modern Theory of Meaning. Theories of Meaning (Contd.). Freudian Theory of Meaning Emotive Theory of Meaning Spota Theory of Meaning

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Theories of Meaning

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Theories of meaning

Theories of Meaning

  • Referential Theory of Meaning

  • Use Theory of Meaning

  • Speech-act Theory of Meaning

  • Hermeneutic Theory of Meaning

  • Post-Modern Theory of Meaning


Theories of meaning contd

Theories of Meaning (Contd.)

  • Freudian Theory of Meaning

  • Emotive Theory of Meaning

  • Spota Theory of Meaning

  • Literal vrs Metaphoric Meaning


Referential theory

Referential Theory

  • We mean what we say.

  • Word designates objects.

  • Facts are relation between objects.

  • Sentences capture the relations of objects

  • A true statement corresponds to facts.


Use theory

Use Theory

  • Meaning of a word lies in its Use

  • Conventions and traditions play an important role (e.g. pankaja, akalmand)

  • Not every word stands for objects.

  • World of fiction, ethics, dance, music, aesthetics etc. do not have referents.


Speech act theory

Speech-Act Theory

  • Speaking is a performance

  • In speaking we do certain things, e.g., promise, request, question, assertion etc.

  • Locutions, Illocutions and Perlocutions


Hermeneutic theory

Hermeneutic Theory

  • Meaning lies in Interpretation.

  • Speech is a part of Discourse.

  • What comes first and what comes later would matter.

  • Customs/traditions help us in Interpretation.

  • There can be radical Interpretation


Post modern theory

Post-Modern Theory

  • The Author Is Dead

  • Everything is a “Text”.

  • Interpretation/Re-interpretation is inevitable.

  • You never read the same text twice the same way.


Freudian theory

Freudian Theory

  • Human Mind is Complex.

  • You may not know your own intention.

  • Sub-conscious intention can interfere.

  • Strong Unfulfilled desires are repressed.


Emotive theory

Emotive Theory

  • Meaning is Emotion, Attitude.

  • Emotions could be negative or positive.

  • A gift is meaningful if you love it.

  • You would like to avoid an occasion where you feel uncomfortable.

  • You are sentimentally attached to the belongings of your parents.


Spota theory

Spota Theory

  • Words and sentences have their power.

  • Meaning is this power.

  • Word meaning/Sentence meaning.


Literal vrs metaphoric meening

Literal vrs Metaphoric Meening

  • A Metaphor cuts across the categories

  • Some ideas can be expressed only through metaphors

  • Turia state in Upanisad is compared to deep sleep state.

  • Sub-atomic structure to solar system.

  • Human nature to traits of animals and birds


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