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Post-Cold War American Foreign Policy Part I: The Bush and Clinton Years What have been three goals of American foreign policy during the post-Cold War era? Foreign aid Humanitarian aid Support for human rights

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Post cold war american foreign policy l.jpg

Post-Cold War American Foreign Policy

Part I: The Bush and Clinton Years


What have been three goals of american foreign policy during the post cold war era l.jpg
What have been three goals of American foreign policy during the post-Cold War era?

  • Foreign aid

  • Humanitarian aid

  • Support for human rights


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Has involvement in conflicts in other areas of the world been part of American foreign policy since 1988?

  • YES


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Who was president when the been part of American foreign policy since 1988?Cold War ended?

  • George Herbert Walker Bush


During the cold war what were the six east european communist satellites of the soviet union l.jpg
During the Cold War, what were the six East European communist satellites of the Soviet Union?


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  • 1) East Germany communist satellites of the Soviet Union?

  • 2) Poland

  • 3) Hungary

  • 4) Romania

  • 5) Bulgaria

  • 6) Czechoslovakia


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To what defensive military alliance did the six Soviet satellites in Eastern Europe belong?

  • The Warsaw Pact


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What the most important symbol of the Cold War division of Europe from 1961 until 1989?

  • The Berlin Wall


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What happened to the Berlin Wall in 1989? Europe from 1961 until 1989?

  • German citizens tore down the Berlin Wall


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Where did communist governments collapse during the presidency of George H. W. Bush?

  • Eastern Europe

  • The Soviet Union


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Into what two countries did Czechoslovakia split after the communists lost control of the government?

  • The Czech Republic

  • Slovakia


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What two beliefs did Eastern Europe adopt after the fall of communism?

  • Democracy

  • Free market capitalism




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What was the situation in Yugoslavia in 1990, during George H. W. Bush’s presidency?

  • Yugoslavia was showing signs of collapse.



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What did it mean for Yugoslavia to be World War II until 1990?non-aligned during the Cold War?

  • Was neutral

  • Sided with neither the United States nor the Soviet Union




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Where was Yugoslavia located? during the

  • Europe’s Balkan Peninsula



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What did four of the six republics of Yugoslavia do in 1991 and 1992?

  • Declared their independence from Yugoslavia





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What was the religion of the Serbs? Yugoslavia?

  • Eastern Orthodox Christians


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What was the religion of the Croats? Yugoslavia?

  • Roman Catholics


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What ethnic group did not want Bosnia-Herzegovina to become independent from Yugoslavia?

  • The Serbs


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What broke out in Bosnia-Herzegovina in 1992? independent from Yugoslavia?

  • Civil war between the Serbs, Croats, and Bosnians


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What two American presidents had to deal with the civil war in Bosnia?

  • George H. W. Bush

  • Bill Clinton



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What did Serbian troops do to more than two million Bosnian Muslims and Croats?

  • Took them from their homes and put them into refugee camps



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To what was the Serbian “ethnic cleansing” of Bosnia Muslims compared?

  • Nazi Germany’s attempted genocide of European Jews during World War II


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What is genocide? Muslims compared?

  • The intentional destruction of an entire racial, religious, or cultural group



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What are atrocities? Muslims compared?

  • Acts of violence


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Did either President Bush or President Clinton intervene directly in Bosnia by sending American ground troops there?

  • No


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How did Presidents Bush and Clinton try to stop the civil war in Bosnia?

  • Tried to work through the United Nations

  • Tried to work through NATO



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What was the role of NATO under the terms of the peace treaty that ended the civil war in Bosnia?

  • NATO would enforce peace in Bosnia-Herzegovina


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How did NATO enforce peace in Bosnia-Herzegovina? treaty that ended the civil war in Bosnia?

  • NATO sent a peacekeeping force of 60,000 troops to the Balkans, including 20,000 Americans.


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What country invaded Kuwait in 1990? treaty that ended the civil war in Bosnia?

  • Iraq


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Who was the dictator of Iraq? treaty that ended the civil war in Bosnia?

  • Saddam Hussein


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What is the major source of wealth in Kuwait? treaty that ended the civil war in Bosnia?

  • Oil


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How did the United States react to Iraq’s invasion of Kuwait?

  • President Bush said the Iraqi invasion violated Kuwait’s national sovereignty


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What did world leaders fear Hussein might do as a result of the invasion of Kuwait?

  • Threaten Saudi Arabia and its oil reserves


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What action did the United Nations Security Council take regarding the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait?


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Why did some world leaders fear Iraqi control over Kuwait? regarding the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait?

  • Saddam Hussein might control the world oil market


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What did President Bush put together to oppose the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait?

  • A coalition or alliance of nations that were against Iraq’s invasion of Kuwait


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What three major countries supported the American-led coalition that opposed the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait?

  • Great Britain

  • France

  • The Soviet Union


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What was the first phase of Operation Desert Storm? coalition that opposed the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait?

  • A massive air assault on Iraqi forces occupying Kuwait


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What was Operation Desert Storm’s second phase? coalition that opposed the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait?

  • A ground attack on Kuwait and Iraq



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  • Iraqi resistance collapsed and Iraq?

  • Coalition forces took control of Kuwait’s capital Kuwait City

  • Iraqi troops retreated to Iraq


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What war ended in February 1991? and Iraq?

  • Persian Gulf War



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What does free trade mean? and Bill Clinton?

  • The removal of tariff barriers to trade with other nations



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No Tariffs: tariffs?

  • Would increase trade

  • Would lead to economic growth in United States

  • Would create new jobs for Americans



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For what does NAFTA stand? tariffs?

  • North American Free Trade Agreement



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What effect did NAFTA have on trade in North America? Mexico

  • Created one market or regional trading block, larger than the European community


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What type of jobs did NAFTA opponents fear would be eliminated in the United States if NAFTA became law?

  • Manufacturing jobs


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What was the main argument used against NAFTA? eliminated in the United States if NAFTA became law?


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Why did NAFTA opponents believe American business would move their factories to Mexico?

  • Mexican workers were paid lower wages than American workers



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  • Senate ratified the NAFTA Treaty administration?

  • Restored full diplomatic relations with communist Vietnam

  • Lifted economic sanctions against South Africa, when apartheid was ended


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What did it mean for the Clinton administration to restore full diplomatic relations with Vietnam?


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What country had a policy of racial apartheid? legitimate or lawful government of Vietnam

  • South Africa


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Define the term apartheid? legitimate or lawful government of Vietnam

  • South Africa’s brutal system of racial segregation and discrimination against the nation’s black majority


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Why did South Africa follow the policy of apartheid? legitimate or lawful government of Vietnam

  • So that the small white minority would rule the country


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Who was released from prison in South Africa, when the South African government ended apartheid?

  • Nelson Mandela


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What organization did Nelson Mandela lead? African government ended apartheid?

  • The African National Congress or ANC


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What type of organization was the ANC? African government ended apartheid?

  • An organization committed to racial justice and equal rights for black South Africans




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What did the Clinton administration lift, when apartheid ended?

  • Economic sanctions against South Africa





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  • To condemn apartheid sanctions against South Africa?

  • To pressure the white South African government to repeal its racially discriminatory laws


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