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Volunteer Water Monitoring Support through the UWSP Center for Watershed Science and Education. Nancy Turyk Citizen-Based Monitoring Conference August 2004. Agencies. Decision Makers. Researchers. Citizen Based Water Monitoring Programs at UWSP. Groundwater Lakes Rivers/Watersheds.

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volunteer water monitoring support through the uwsp center for watershed science and education

Volunteer Water Monitoring Support through the UWSP Center for Watershed Science and Education

Nancy Turyk

Citizen-Based Monitoring Conference

August 2004

slide2

Agencies

Decision Makers

Researchers

citizen based water monitoring programs at uwsp
Citizen Based Water Monitoring Programs at UWSP
  • Groundwater
  • Lakes
  • Rivers/Watersheds
wisconsin groundwater facts
Wisconsin Groundwater Facts
  • 70% of WI residents rely on groundwater.
  • Over 800,000 private wells in WI.
  • Typical private wells yield water a few years to a few decades old.
  • Municipal wells are required to have water tests, individual well testing is optional.
groundwater monitoring
Groundwater Monitoring
  • Drinking water analyses
    • Basic package includes nitrate, pH, bacteria, hardness, alkalinity, chloride
    • Metals package
    • Pesticides
groundwater monitoring options
Groundwater Monitoring Options
  • Individual resident samples
    • Individuals submit samples
    • Interpretation guide provided with results
    • Assistance over telephone available
groundwater monitoring options1
Groundwater Monitoring Options
  • Community drinking water programs
    • Provides a community/regional view of groundwater
    • Coordinated between local representative, WEAL Lab, and UWEX Groundwater Educator
    • Includes a community groundwater education program to better understand the analytical results
community drinking water programs
Community Drinking Water Programs
  • County, Township, Watershed, Lake Assoc.
  • Benefits
    • Determine safety of drinking water supply and learn about treatment methods
    • Increased understanding of groundwater and the connection to the landscape
    • Better indicator of community’s groundwater quality
    • People are informed on ways to protect water resources
lake monitoring
Lake Monitoring
  • Determine current conditions and long-term trends
  • Individual residents/lake associations
  • As partners with CWSE in conjunction with lake assessments
lake monitoring overturn program
Lake Monitoring – Overturn Program
  • Samples are collected when the lake is “mixed” (Spring and Fall Overturn)
  • Individuals collect samples from deep hole of lake
  • Samples are prepared according to instructions and shipped on ice to the lab
  • Samples are analyzed in the lab for nutrients, minerals, contaminants
  • Data are stored in a database and graphed twice/year
river watershed monitoring
River/Watershed Monitoring
  • Monitoring rivers is MUCH trickier!
    • Moving water
    • Varying quantities of water
    • Water quality changes over a given storm
    • Affected by a variety of adjacent land uses
  • More rules/quality control/ quality assurance
    • Need to know the amount of water
    • Need to know the amount of precipitation
  • Sample collection is relatively easy – sampling design is not
river watershed monitoring1
River/Watershed Monitoring
  • CWSE monitoring builds on WAV monitoring
  • Lab data can help provide answers to observations made with WAV monitoring
  • Analyses include more than what could be measured with a field kit
  • Lab data are more accurate because of the methods of analysis and the quality control
  • CWSE can provide assistance with sampling design/site selection
river watershed monitoring2
River/Watershed Monitoring
  • Used to Assess
    • Current conditions
    • Long-term trends
    • Affects of particular land use activities
  • Who collects the samples?
    • Individuals/river groups
    • Agency staff
river monitoring program
River Monitoring Program
  • Baseflow monitoring is recommended for measuring long-term trends
    • Rivers are at low flow so water quality can be easily compared over a long period of time
    • Standard package include suspended sediment, nutrients, and chloride
    • Additional analyses may include metals (urban) or pesticides (rural)
slide16

Quality Control/Assurance

  • Site Identification/documentation
  • Group training
  • Sample acquisition and handling
  • Documented methods
  • Data management
slide17

Sample Sites

  • Selection
    • Easy access
    • Identifiable
    • Well defined channel
  • Record location
    • Photograph
    • Maps
    • Physical and legal description

“Site 16 Hartman Creek. Rural Road about ½ mile NW of intersection of Rural Rd and Whispering Pines Rd. Sample above culvert. Town of Dayton”

T21N R11E Sec 5 (SW ¼ of NW ¼ of Sec 5)

slide18

Field Notes

  • Flow regime
    • Runoff (precipitation/snowmelt)
    • Baseflow
  • Ice on the river?
  • Dry for a month?
  • Staff gage and/or flow measurements
  • Measure precipitation
slide19

Sampling

  • Collect samples using
    • grab method
    • siphon sampling device
  • Samples collected in acid washed containers
sampling
Sampling
  • Sampling equipment rinsed with distilled water and triple rinsed with river water
  • Samples filtered and/or acidified as required for analysis
  • Sample bottles marked with proper site identification
  • Samples transported on ice to the lab
slide21

Flow Measurements

  • All individuals trained in the field
  • Staff gages
  • Flow meters
  • Level loggers
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