Volunteer water monitoring support through the uwsp center for watershed science and education
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Volunteer Water Monitoring Support through the UWSP Center for Watershed Science and Education. Nancy Turyk Citizen-Based Monitoring Conference August 2004. Agencies. Decision Makers. Researchers. Citizen Based Water Monitoring Programs at UWSP. Groundwater Lakes Rivers/Watersheds.

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Volunteer Water Monitoring Support through the UWSP Center for Watershed Science and Education

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Volunteer water monitoring support through the uwsp center for watershed science and education

Volunteer Water Monitoring Support through the UWSP Center for Watershed Science and Education

Nancy Turyk

Citizen-Based Monitoring Conference

August 2004


Volunteer water monitoring support through the uwsp center for watershed science and education

Agencies

Decision Makers

Researchers


Citizen based water monitoring programs at uwsp

Citizen Based Water Monitoring Programs at UWSP

  • Groundwater

  • Lakes

  • Rivers/Watersheds


Wisconsin groundwater facts

Wisconsin Groundwater Facts

  • 70% of WI residents rely on groundwater.

  • Over 800,000 private wells in WI.

  • Typical private wells yield water a few years to a few decades old.

  • Municipal wells are required to have water tests, individual well testing is optional.


Groundwater monitoring

Groundwater Monitoring

  • Drinking water analyses

    • Basic package includes nitrate, pH, bacteria, hardness, alkalinity, chloride

    • Metals package

    • Pesticides


Groundwater monitoring options

Groundwater Monitoring Options

  • Individual resident samples

    • Individuals submit samples

    • Interpretation guide provided with results

    • Assistance over telephone available


Groundwater monitoring options1

Groundwater Monitoring Options

  • Community drinking water programs

    • Provides a community/regional view of groundwater

    • Coordinated between local representative, WEAL Lab, and UWEX Groundwater Educator

    • Includes a community groundwater education program to better understand the analytical results


Community drinking water programs

Community Drinking Water Programs

  • County, Township, Watershed, Lake Assoc.

  • Benefits

    • Determine safety of drinking water supply and learn about treatment methods

    • Increased understanding of groundwater and the connection to the landscape

    • Better indicator of community’s groundwater quality

    • People are informed on ways to protect water resources


Volunteer water monitoring support through the uwsp center for watershed science and education

Community Drinking Water Programs


Lake monitoring

Lake Monitoring

  • Determine current conditions and long-term trends

  • Individual residents/lake associations

  • As partners with CWSE in conjunction with lake assessments


Lake monitoring overturn program

Lake Monitoring – Overturn Program

  • Samples are collected when the lake is “mixed” (Spring and Fall Overturn)

  • Individuals collect samples from deep hole of lake

  • Samples are prepared according to instructions and shipped on ice to the lab

  • Samples are analyzed in the lab for nutrients, minerals, contaminants

  • Data are stored in a database and graphed twice/year


River watershed monitoring

River/Watershed Monitoring

  • Monitoring rivers is MUCH trickier!

    • Moving water

    • Varying quantities of water

    • Water quality changes over a given storm

    • Affected by a variety of adjacent land uses

  • More rules/quality control/ quality assurance

    • Need to know the amount of water

    • Need to know the amount of precipitation

  • Sample collection is relatively easy – sampling design is not


River watershed monitoring1

River/Watershed Monitoring

  • CWSE monitoring builds on WAV monitoring

  • Lab data can help provide answers to observations made with WAV monitoring

  • Analyses include more than what could be measured with a field kit

  • Lab data are more accurate because of the methods of analysis and the quality control

  • CWSE can provide assistance with sampling design/site selection


River watershed monitoring2

River/Watershed Monitoring

  • Used to Assess

    • Current conditions

    • Long-term trends

    • Affects of particular land use activities

  • Who collects the samples?

    • Individuals/river groups

    • Agency staff


River monitoring program

River Monitoring Program

  • Baseflow monitoring is recommended for measuring long-term trends

    • Rivers are at low flow so water quality can be easily compared over a long period of time

    • Standard package include suspended sediment, nutrients, and chloride

    • Additional analyses may include metals (urban) or pesticides (rural)


Volunteer water monitoring support through the uwsp center for watershed science and education

Quality Control/Assurance

  • Site Identification/documentation

  • Group training

  • Sample acquisition and handling

  • Documented methods

  • Data management


Volunteer water monitoring support through the uwsp center for watershed science and education

Sample Sites

  • Selection

    • Easy access

    • Identifiable

    • Well defined channel

  • Record location

    • Photograph

    • Maps

    • Physical and legal description

“Site 16 Hartman Creek. Rural Road about ½ mile NW of intersection of Rural Rd and Whispering Pines Rd. Sample above culvert. Town of Dayton”

T21N R11E Sec 5 (SW ¼ of NW ¼ of Sec 5)


Volunteer water monitoring support through the uwsp center for watershed science and education

Field Notes

  • Flow regime

    • Runoff (precipitation/snowmelt)

    • Baseflow

  • Ice on the river?

  • Dry for a month?

  • Staff gage and/or flow measurements

  • Measure precipitation


Volunteer water monitoring support through the uwsp center for watershed science and education

Sampling

  • Collect samples using

    • grab method

    • siphon sampling device

  • Samples collected in acid washed containers


Sampling

Sampling

  • Sampling equipment rinsed with distilled water and triple rinsed with river water

  • Samples filtered and/or acidified as required for analysis

  • Sample bottles marked with proper site identification

  • Samples transported on ice to the lab


Volunteer water monitoring support through the uwsp center for watershed science and education

Flow Measurements

  • All individuals trained in the field

  • Staff gages

  • Flow meters

  • Level loggers


Volunteer water monitoring support through the uwsp center for watershed science and education

Custody Transfer to a Lab


Sharing the results

Sharing the Results


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