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UNDERSTANDING HUMAN SOCIETY . CRIME AND DEVIANCE. Crime and Deviance. Crime: An act or failure to act that breaks the law of the land. Deviance: Actions that do not conform to the norms or expectations of members of society . Task. In groups, carry out the Quiz on Crime and Deviance.

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UNDERSTANDING HUMAN SOCIETY

  • CRIME AND DEVIANCE


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Crime and Deviance

  • Crime:

  • An act or failure to act that breaks the law of the land.

  • Deviance:

  • Actions that do not conform to the norms or expectations of members of society.


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Task

  • In groups, carry out the Quiz on Crime and Deviance.

  • What conclusions can you draw from your discussions?


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CRIME AND DEVIANCE

  • A Criminal Act can become a deviant act and some deviant acts can become criminal.

  • Some acts can be both deviant and criminal. Can you think of examples?


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Question……

  • What is the difference between a criminal act and a deviant act?


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Task

  • Now , in groups, discuss worksheet 2.

  • Did you draw any conclusions this time?

  • Just think…..

  • BBC - Chewin' the Fat - The Neds


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Questions

Is crime a choice... or an impulse beyond the criminal’s control?Why do gangs develop in some areas of a city and not in others?How does a thief learn the tricks of the trade?Why do employees support questionable business practices?What sorts of values are held by drug traffickers?? ? ?


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Questions

  • How does the lack of economic opportunity lead to criminality?How might the architecture of shopping malls encourage crime?Why has the drug user become the central target of law enforcement?How does a global economy affect crime in a particular neighbourhood?What does a murderer feel in the moments before killing

    ? ? ?


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Criminal Act

  • Laws state clearly which activities are criminal…….

    • Murder

    • Theft

    • Assault

    • Drinking/driving

    • Drugs

  • But………..


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Criminal Acts

  • Laws can change. There are many examples of how deviant or criminal acts have become normalised.


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WHAT IS DEVIANCE?

  • SOCIAL ACTION THEORISTS: DEVIANCE IS SOCIALLY CONSTRUCTED

    (LABELLING)

  • DEVIANCE IS CULTURALLY RELATIVE

  • CONFLICT THEORISTS: DEVIANCE IS SOCIALLY CAUSED

    (STRUCTURAL INEQUALITIES)


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CHANGES INDEVIANCE

  • PERCEPTIONS AND RESPONSES TO DEVIANCE HAVE CHANGED

  • SOCIOLOGICAL STUDY OF DEVIANCE HAS CHANGED


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DEVIANCE AND SOCIAL CONTROL

  • WHO DEFINES DEVIANCE

  • DEVIANCE CAN BE USED AS A DEVICE FOR SOCIAL CONTROL

  • APPLIES TO SOCIAL NORMS AND LAWS

  • LEGITIMACY GIVEN TO SOME TO CONTROL DEVIANT BEHAVIOUR EG POLICE


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DEVIANCE AND CLASS

  • DEVIANT BEHAVIOUR VIEWED DIFFERENTLY

  • WHITE COLAR CRIME SEEN AS LESS ‘DEVIANT’

  • INITIAL STUDIES OFTEN FOCUSED ON LOWER-CLASS DEVIANCE


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Crime or deviance?

  • The media play a major role in determining what is acceptable and not acceptable in our society.


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