Fc 83 filling in the gaps voyages of later exploration c 1550 1900
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 38

FC.83 FILLING IN THE GAPS: VOYAGES OF LATER EXPLORATION (c.1550-1900) PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 82 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

A. FC.83 FILLING IN THE GAPS: VOYAGES OF LATER EXPLORATION (c.1550-1900). State of geographic knowledge c.1550?. A. FC.83 FILLING IN THE GAPS: VOYAGES OF LATER EXPLORATION (c.1550-1900).

Download Presentation

FC.83 FILLING IN THE GAPS: VOYAGES OF LATER EXPLORATION (c.1550-1900)

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Fc 83 filling in the gaps voyages of later exploration c 1550 1900

A

FC.83 FILLING IN THE GAPS: VOYAGES OF LATER EXPLORATION (c.1550-1900)

State of geographic knowledge c.1550?


Fc 83 filling in the gaps voyages of later exploration c 1550 1900

A

FC.83 FILLING IN THE GAPS: VOYAGES OF LATER EXPLORATION (c.1550-1900)

State of geographic knowledge c.1500: Outline of S. Amer. & E. coast of N. Amer., existence of Pacific Ocean, & size of globe (FC.81)


Fc 83 filling in the gaps voyages of later exploration c 1550 1900

NW Passage

FC.83 FILLING IN THE GAPS: VOYAGES OF LATER EXPLORATION (c.1550-1900)

Search for NW Passage through N. Am. to Asia

State of geographic knowledge c.1500: Outline of S. Amer. & E. coast of N. Amer., existence of Pacific Ocean, & size of globe (FC.81)


Fc 83 filling in the gaps voyages of later exploration c 1550 1900

NW Passage

Jacques Cartier- 2 expeds

for Francis I of Fr.

FC.83 FILLING IN THE GAPS: VOYAGES OF LATER EXPLORATION (c.1550-1900)

Search for NW Passage through N. Am. to Asia

State of geographic knowledge c.1500: Outline of S. Amer. & E. coast of N. Amer., existence of Pacific Ocean, & size of globe (FC.81)


Fc 83 filling in the gaps voyages of later exploration c 1550 1900

NW Passage

Jacques Cartier- 2 expeds

for Francis I of Fr.

1534- Cartier: "the land that God gave Cain

FC.83 FILLING IN THE GAPS: VOYAGES OF LATER EXPLORATION (c.1550-1900)

Search for NW Passage through N. Am. to Asia

State of geographic knowledge c.1500: Outline of S. Amer. & E. coast of N. Amer., existence of Pacific Ocean, & size of globe (FC.81)


Fc 83 filling in the gaps voyages of later exploration c 1550 1900

NW Passage

Jacques Cartier- 2 expeds

for Francis I of Fr.

1534- Cartier: "the land that God gave Cain

1535-6- Explored as far as

present-day Montreal

FC.83 FILLING IN THE GAPS: VOYAGES OF LATER EXPLORATION (c.1550-1900)

Search for NW Passage through N. Am. to Asia

State of geographic knowledge c.1500: Outline of S. Amer. & E. coast of N. Amer., existence of Pacific Ocean, & size of globe (FC.81)


Fc 83 filling in the gaps voyages of later exploration c 1550 1900

Like most European explorers, Cartier claimed new lands for his religion and then for his king. Here he points to a cross emblazoned with the French royal fleur de lis as he claims Canada (Iroquois for settlement) for France. This claim would have serious repercussions through the French and Indian Wars in the 1700s.


Fc 83 filling in the gaps voyages of later exploration c 1550 1900

Cartier fires his cannon to overawe the Iroquois, an effect that didnt last very long. Cartiers men collected what they thought were gold and diamonds, only to be told on their return to France they were only quartz and iron pyrite. This gave rise to the French expression "faux comme les diamants du Canada" ("As false as Canadian diamonds").


Fc 83 filling in the gaps voyages of later exploration c 1550 1900

NW Passage

Jacques Cartier- 2 expeds

for Francis I of Fr.

1534- Cartier: "the land that God gave Cain

1535-6- Explored as far as

present-day Montreal

1576- Martin Frobisher & the "Mongols"

FC.83 FILLING IN THE GAPS: VOYAGES OF LATER EXPLORATION (c.1550-1900)

Search for NW Passage through N. Am. to Asia

English explore Arctic regions of N. America

State of geographic knowledge c.1500: Outline of S. Amer. & E. coast of N. Amer., existence of Pacific Ocean, & size of globe (FC.81)


Fc 83 filling in the gaps voyages of later exploration c 1550 1900

NW Passage

Jacques Cartier- 2 expeds

for Francis I of Fr.

1534- Cartier: "the land that God gave Cain

1535-6- Explored as far as

present-day Montreal

1576- Martin Frobisher & the "Mongols"

1580's- John Baffin finds Baffin Island!

FC.83 FILLING IN THE GAPS: VOYAGES OF LATER EXPLORATION (c.1550-1900)

Search for NW Passage through N. Am. to Asia

English explore Arctic regions of N. America

State of geographic knowledge c.1500: Outline of S. Amer. & E. coast of N. Amer., existence of Pacific Ocean, & size of globe (FC.81)


Fc 83 filling in the gaps voyages of later exploration c 1550 1900

NW Passage

Jacques Cartier- 2 expeds

for Francis I of Fr.

1534- Cartier: "the land that God gave Cain

1535-6- Explored as far as

present-day Montreal

1576- Martin Frobisher & the "Mongols"

1580's- John Baffin finds Baffin Island!

FC.83 FILLING IN THE GAPS: VOYAGES OF LATER EXPLORATION (c.1550-1900)

Search for NW Passage through N. Am. to Asia

English explore Arctic regions of N. America

Henry Hudson explores Hudson Bay (1610), but finds no NW Passage

State of geographic knowledge c.1500: Outline of S. Amer. & E. coast of N. Amer., existence of Pacific Ocean, & size of globe (FC.81)


Fc 83 filling in the gaps voyages of later exploration c 1550 1900

Henry Hudsons first voyage was heavily influenced by Robert Thornes theory that "...there is no doubt, but sailing Northward and passing the Pole, descending to the Equinoctial line, we shall arrive at the Islands of Cathay, and it should be a much shorter way than any other.--Robert Thorne, 1527.

Although he failed to reach China (Cathay) he did come within 600 miles of the North Pole and discovered Spitzbergen Island, which proved to be a valuable whaling area.


Fc 83 filling in the gaps voyages of later exploration c 1550 1900

Hudsons most important discovery was Hudson Bay, which proved to be another dead end in the search for the Northwest Passage.


Fc 83 filling in the gaps voyages of later exploration c 1550 1900

The harsh winter conditions and hunger drove Hudsons sailors to mutiny, setting him and his son John adrift in a rowboat.


Fc 83 filling in the gaps voyages of later exploration c 1550 1900

NW Passage

Jacques Cartier- 2 expeds

for Francis I of Fr.

1534- Cartier: "the land that God gave Cain

1535-6- Explored as far as

present-day Montreal

1576- Martin Frobisher & the "Mongols"

1580's- John Baffin finds Baffin Island!

FC.83 FILLING IN THE GAPS: VOYAGES OF LATER EXPLORATION (c.1550-1900)

Search for NW Passage through N. Am. to Asia

English explore Arctic regions of N. America

Henry Hudson explores Hudson Bay (1610), but finds no NW Passage

No practical NW Passage ever found

State of geographic knowledge c.1500: Outline of S. Amer. & E. coast of N. Amer., existence of Pacific Ocean, & size of globe (FC.81)


Fc 83 filling in the gaps voyages of later exploration c 1550 1900

NW Passage

Jacques Cartier- 2 expeds

for Francis I of Fr.

1534- Cartier: "the land that God gave Cain

1535-6- Explored as far as

present-day Montreal

1576- Martin Frobisher & the "Mongols"

1580's- John Baffin finds Baffin Island!

NE Passage

FC.83 FILLING IN THE GAPS: VOYAGES OF LATER EXPLORATION (c.1550-1900)

Search for NW Passage through N. Am. to Asia

English explore Arctic regions of N. America

Henry Hudson explores Hudson Bay (1610), but finds no NW Passage

No practical NW Passage ever found

Search for NE Passage N. of Scandinavia

State of geographic knowledge c.1500: Outline of S. Amer. & E. coast of N. Amer., existence of Pacific Ocean, & size of globe (FC.81)


Fc 83 filling in the gaps voyages of later exploration c 1550 1900

NW Passage

Jacques Cartier- 2 expeds

for Francis I of Fr.

1534- Cartier: "the land that God gave Cain

1535-6- Explored as far as

present-day Montreal

1576- Martin Frobisher & the "Mongols"

1580's- John Baffin finds Baffin Island!

NE Passage

- Vegetable lamb

FC.83 FILLING IN THE GAPS: VOYAGES OF LATER EXPLORATION (c.1550-1900)

Search for NW Passage through N. Am. to Asia

English explore Arctic regions of N. America

Henry Hudson explores Hudson Bay (1610), but finds no NW Passage

No practical NW Passage ever found

Eng. Richard Chancellor reaches Russian port Archangel, but gets no further

Search for NE Passage N. of Scandinavia

State of geographic knowledge c.1500: Outline of S. Amer. & E. coast of N. Amer., existence of Pacific Ocean, & size of globe (FC.81)

Baaaa

Baaaa

Baaaa

Baaaa

Baaaa


Fc 83 filling in the gaps voyages of later exploration c 1550 1900

NW Passage

Jacques Cartier- 2 expeds

for Francis I of Fr.

1534- Cartier: "the land that God gave Cain

1535-6- Explored as far as

present-day Montreal

1576- Martin Frobisher & the "Mongols"

1580's- John Baffin finds Baffin Island!

NE Passage

- Vegetable lamb

FC.83 FILLING IN THE GAPS: VOYAGES OF LATER EXPLORATION (c.1550-1900)

Search for NW Passage through N. Am. to Asia

English explore Arctic regions of N. America

Henry Hudson explores Hudson Bay (1610), but finds no NW Passage

No practical NW Passage ever found

Eng. Richard Chancellor reaches Russian port Archangel, but gets no further

Various Dutch explorers also try, but fail to find NE Passage

Search for NE Passage N. of Scandinavia

State of geographic knowledge c.1500: Outline of S. Amer. & E. coast of N. Amer., existence of Pacific Ocean, & size of globe (FC.81)


Fc 83 filling in the gaps voyages of later exploration c 1550 1900

NW Passage

Jacques Cartier- 2 expeds

for Francis I of Fr.

1534- Cartier: "the land that God gave Cain

1535-6- Explored as far as

present-day Montreal

1576- Martin Frobisher & the "Mongols"

1580's- John Baffin finds Baffin Island!

NE Passage

- Vegetable lamb

- A. E. Nordenskjold

FC.83 FILLING IN THE GAPS: VOYAGES OF LATER EXPLORATION (c.1550-1900)

Search for NW Passage through N. Am. to Asia

English explore Arctic regions of N. America

Henry Hudson explores Hudson Bay (1610), but finds no NW Passage

No practical NW Passage ever found

Eng. Richard Chancellor reaches Russian port Archangel, but gets no further

Various Dutch explorers also try, but fail to find NE Passage

Search for NE Passage N. of Scandinavia

Passage found in 1878 & kept open by Russian ice breakers

State of geographic knowledge c.1500: Outline of S. Amer. & E. coast of N. Amer., existence of Pacific Ocean, & size of globe (FC.81)


Fc 83 filling in the gaps voyages of later exploration c 1550 1900

NW Passage

Jacques Cartier- 2 expeds

for Francis I of Fr.

1534- Cartier: "the land that God gave Cain

1535-6- Explored as far as

present-day Montreal

1576- Martin Frobisher & the "Mongols"

1580's- John Baffin finds Baffin Island!

NE Passage

- Vegetable lamb

- A. E. Nordenskjold

FC.83 FILLING IN THE GAPS: VOYAGES OF LATER EXPLORATION (c.1550-1900)

Search for NW Passage through N. Am. to Asia

English explore Arctic regions of N. America

Henry Hudson explores Hudson Bay (1610), but finds no NW Passage

No practical NW Passage ever found

Try to find Strait b/w Asia & N. Amer. Otherwise NE Passage would be useless

Eng. Richard Chancellor reaches Russian port Archangel, but gets no further

Various Dutch explorers also try, but fail to find NE Passage

Search for NE Passage N. of Scandinavia

Passage found in 1878 & kept open by Russian ice breakers

State of geographic knowledge c.1500: Outline of S. Amer. & E. coast of N. Amer., existence of Pacific Ocean, & size of globe (FC.81)

Sarah Palins house


Fc 83 filling in the gaps voyages of later exploration c 1550 1900

NW Passage

Jacques Cartier- 2 expeds

for Francis I of Fr.

1534- Cartier: "the land that God gave Cain

1535-6- Explored as far as

present-day Montreal

1576- Martin Frobisher & the "Mongols"

1580's- John Baffin finds Baffin Island!

NE Passage

- Vegetable lamb

- A. E. Nordenskjold

FC.83 FILLING IN THE GAPS: VOYAGES OF LATER EXPLORATION (c.1550-1900)

Search for NW Passage through N. Am. to Asia

English explore Arctic regions of N. America

Henry Hudson explores Hudson Bay (1610), but finds no NW Passage

No practical NW Passage ever found

Try to find Strait b/w Asia & N. Amer. Otherwise NE Passage would be useless

Vitus Bering (Rus.) & later James Cook (Br.) find Bering Strait

Eng. Richard Chancellor reaches Russian port Archangel, but gets no further

Various Dutch explorers also try, but fail to find NE Passage

Search for NE Passage N. of Scandinavia

Passage found in 1878 & kept open by Russian ice breakers

State of geographic knowledge c.1500: Outline of S. Amer. & E. coast of N. Amer., existence of Pacific Ocean, & size of globe (FC.81)


Fc 83 filling in the gaps voyages of later exploration c 1550 1900

NW Passage

Jacques Cartier- 2 expeds

for Francis I of Fr.

1534- Cartier: "the land that God gave Cain

1535-6- Explored as far as

present-day Montreal

1576- Martin Frobisher & the "Mongols"

1580's- John Baffin finds Baffin Island!

NE Passage

- Vegetable lamb

- A. E. Nordenskjold

1867- US buys Alaska for ~3 cents an acre

FC.83 FILLING IN THE GAPS: VOYAGES OF LATER EXPLORATION (c.1550-1900)

Search for NW Passage through N. Am. to Asia

English explore Arctic regions of N. America

Henry Hudson explores Hudson Bay (1610), but finds no NW Passage

No practical NW Passage ever found

Try to find Strait b/w Asia & N. Amer. Otherwise NE Passage would be useless

Vitus Bering (Rus.) & later James Cook (Br.) find Bering Strait

Eng. Richard Chancellor reaches Russian port Archangel, but gets no further

Various Dutch explorers also try, but fail to find NE Passage

Search for NE Passage N. of Scandinavia

Passage found in 1878 & kept open by Russian ice breakers

Spain, Britain & Russia explore & claim N Americas NW coast

State of geographic knowledge c.1500: Outline of S. Amer. & E. coast of N. Amer., existence of Pacific Ocean, & size of globe (FC.81)


Fc 83 filling in the gaps voyages of later exploration c 1550 1900

NW Passage

Jacques Cartier- 2 expeds

for Francis I of Fr.

1534- Cartier: "the land that God gave Cain

1535-6- Explored as far as

present-day Montreal

1576- Martin Frobisher & the "Mongols"

1580's- John Baffin finds Baffin Island!

NE Passage

- Vegetable lamb

- A. E. Nordenskjold

1867- US buys Alaska for ~3 cents an acre

-> Sewards Folly

FC.83 FILLING IN THE GAPS: VOYAGES OF LATER EXPLORATION (c.1550-1900)

Search for NW Passage through N. Am. to Asia

English explore Arctic regions of N. America

Henry Hudson explores Hudson Bay (1610), but finds no NW Passage

No practical NW Passage ever found

Try to find Strait b/w Asia & N. Amer. Otherwise NE Passage would be useless

Vitus Bering (Rus.) & later James Cook (Br.) find Bering Strait

Eng. Richard Chancellor reaches Russian port Archangel, but gets no further

Various Dutch explorers also try, but fail to find NE Passage

Search for NE Passage N. of Scandinavia

Passage found in 1878 & kept open by Russian ice breakers

Spain, Britain & Russia explore & claim N Americas NW coast

State of geographic knowledge c.1500: Outline of S. Amer. & E. coast of N. Amer., existence of Pacific Ocean, & size of globe (FC.81)


Fc 83 filling in the gaps voyages of later exploration c 1550 1900

NW Passage

Jacques Cartier- 2 expeds

for Francis I of Fr.

1534- Cartier: "the land that God gave Cain

1535-6- Explored as far as

present-day Montreal

1576- Martin Frobisher & the "Mongols"

1580's- John Baffin finds Baffin Island!

NE Passage

- Vegetable lamb

- A. E. Nordenskjold

1867- US buys Alaska for ~3 cents an acre

-> Sewards Folly

-> Gold & oil

FC.83 FILLING IN THE GAPS: VOYAGES OF LATER EXPLORATION (c.1550-1900)

Search for NW Passage through N. Am. to Asia

English explore Arctic regions of N. America

Henry Hudson explores Hudson Bay (1610), but finds no NW Passage

No practical NW Passage ever found

Try to find Strait b/w Asia & N. Amer. Otherwise NE Passage would be useless

Vitus Bering (Rus.) & later James Cook (Br.) find Bering Strait

Eng. Richard Chancellor reaches Russian port Archangel, but gets no further

Various Dutch explorers also try, but fail to find NE Passage

Search for NE Passage N. of Scandinavia

Passage found in 1878 & kept open by Russian ice breakers

Spain, Britain & Russia explore & claim N Americas NW coast

State of geographic knowledge c.1500: Outline of S. Amer. & E. coast of N. Amer., existence of Pacific Ocean, & size of globe (FC.81)


Fc 83 filling in the gaps voyages of later exploration c 1550 1900

NW Passage

Jacques Cartier- 2 expeds

for Francis I of Fr.

1534- Cartier: "the land that God gave Cain

1535-6- Explored as far as

present-day Montreal

1576- Martin Frobisher & the "Mongols"

1580's- John Baffin finds Baffin Island!

NE Passage

- Vegetable lamb

- A. E. Nordenskjold

1867- US buys Alaska for ~3 cents an acre

-> Sewards Folly

-> Gold & oil

FC.83 FILLING IN THE GAPS: VOYAGES OF LATER EXPLORATION (c.1550-1900)

Search for NW Passage through N. Am. to Asia

English explore Arctic regions of N. America

Henry Hudson explores Hudson Bay (1610), but finds no NW Passage

No practical NW Passage ever found

Try to find Strait b/w Asia & N. Amer. Otherwise NE Passage would be useless

Vitus Bering (Rus.) & later James Cook (Br.) find Bering Strait

Eng. Richard Chancellor reaches Russian port Archangel, but gets no further

Various Dutch explorers also try, but fail to find NE Passage

Search for NE Passage N. of Scandinavia

Passage found in 1878 & kept open by Russian ice breakers

Spain, Britain & Russia explore & claim N Americas NW coast

Explore S. Pacific to find Great Southern Cont.

State of geographic knowledge c.1500: Outline of S. Amer. & E. coast of N. Amer., existence of Pacific Ocean, & size of globe (FC.81)


Fc 83 filling in the gaps voyages of later exploration c 1550 1900

NW Passage

Jacques Cartier- 2 expeds

for Francis I of Fr.

1534- Cartier: "the land that God gave Cain

1535-6- Explored as far as

present-day Montreal

1576- Martin Frobisher & the "Mongols"

1580's- John Baffin finds Baffin Island!

NE Passage

- Vegetable lamb

- A. E. Nordenskjold

1867- US buys Alaska for ~3 cents an acre

-> Sewards Folly

-> Gold & oil

FC.83 FILLING IN THE GAPS: VOYAGES OF LATER EXPLORATION (c.1550-1900)

Search for NW Passage through N. Am. to Asia

English explore Arctic regions of N. America

Henry Hudson explores Hudson Bay (1610), but finds no NW Passage

No practical NW Passage ever found

Try to find Strait b/w Asia & N. Amer. Otherwise NE Passage would be useless

Vitus Bering (Rus.) & later James Cook (Br.) find Bering Strait

Eng. Richard Chancellor reaches Russian port Archangel, but gets no further

Various Dutch explorers also try, but fail to find NE Passage

Search for NE Passage N. of Scandinavia

Passage found in 1878 & kept open by Russian ice breakers

Spain, Britain & Russia explore & claim N Americas NW coast

Explore S. Pacific to find Great Southern Cont.

State of geographic knowledge c.1500: Outline of S. Amer. & E. coast of N. Amer., existence of Pacific Ocean, & size of globe (FC.81)


Fc 83 filling in the gaps voyages of later exploration c 1550 1900

NW Passage

Jacques Cartier- 2 expeds

for Francis I of Fr.

1534- Cartier: "the land that God gave Cain

1535-6- Explored as far as

present-day Montreal

1576- Martin Frobisher & the "Mongols"

1580's- John Baffin finds Baffin Island!

NE Passage

- Vegetable lamb

- A. E. Nordenskjold

1867- US buys Alaska for ~3 cents an acre

-> Sewards Folly

-> Gold & oil

FC.83 FILLING IN THE GAPS: VOYAGES OF LATER EXPLORATION (c.1550-1900)

Search for NW Passage through N. Am. to Asia

English explore Arctic regions of N. America

Henry Hudson explores Hudson Bay (1610), but finds no NW Passage

No practical NW Passage ever found

Try to find Strait b/w Asia & N. Amer. Otherwise NE Passage would be useless

Vitus Bering (Rus.) & later James Cook (Br.) find Bering Strait

Eng. Richard Chancellor reaches Russian port Archangel, but gets no further

Various Dutch explorers also try, but fail to find NE Passage

Search for NE Passage N. of Scandinavia

Passage found in 1878 & kept open by Russian ice breakers

Spain, Britain & Russia explore & claim N Americas NW coast

Explore S. Pacific to find Great Southern Cont.

Dutch discover Australia & New Zealand

State of geographic knowledge c.1500: Outline of S. Amer. & E. coast of N. Amer., existence of Pacific Ocean, & size of globe (FC.81)


Fc 83 filling in the gaps voyages of later exploration c 1550 1900

NW Passage

Jacques Cartier- 2 expeds

for Francis I of Fr.

1534- Cartier: "the land that God gave Cain

1535-6- Explored as far as

present-day Montreal

1576- Martin Frobisher & the "Mongols"

1580's- John Baffin finds Baffin Island!

NE Passage

- Vegetable lamb

- A. E. Nordenskjold

1867- US buys Alaska for ~3 cents an acre

-> Sewards Folly

-> Gold & oil

Great S. Continent

FC.83 FILLING IN THE GAPS: VOYAGES OF LATER EXPLORATION (c.1550-1900)

Dutch discover Australia & New Zealand

Search for NW Passage through N. Am. to Asia

English explore Arctic regions of N. America

Henry Hudson explores Hudson Bay (1610), but finds no NW Passage

No practical NW Passage ever found

Try to find Strait b/w Asia & N. Amer. Otherwise NE Passage would be useless

Vitus Bering (Rus.) & later James Cook (Br.) find Bering Strait

Eng. Richard Chancellor reaches Russian port Archangel, but gets no further

Various Dutch explorers also try, but fail to find NE Passage

Search for NE Passage N. of Scandinavia

Passage found in 1878 & kept open by Russian ice breakers

Spain, Britain & Russia explore & claim N Americas NW coast

Explore S. Pacific to find Great Southern Cont.

Br. Capt. Cook shows they are islands, but fails to reach Antarctica

State of geographic knowledge c.1500: Outline of S. Amer. & E. coast of N. Amer., existence of Pacific Ocean, & size of globe (FC.81)


Fc 83 filling in the gaps voyages of later exploration c 1550 1900

NW Passage

Jacques Cartier- 2 expeds

for Francis I of Fr.

1534- Cartier: "the land that God gave Cain

1535-6- Explored as far as

present-day Montreal

1576- Martin Frobisher & the "Mongols"

1580's- John Baffin finds Baffin Island!

NE Passage

- Vegetable lamb

- A. E. Nordenskjold

1867- US buys Alaska for ~3 cents an acre

-> Sewards Folly

-> Gold & oil

Great S. Continent

- James Cook

FC.83 FILLING IN THE GAPS: VOYAGES OF LATER EXPLORATION (c.1550-1900)

Dutch discover Australia & New Zealand

Search for NW Passage through N. Am. to Asia

English explore Arctic regions of N. America

Henry Hudson explores Hudson Bay (1610), but finds no NW Passage

No practical NW Passage ever found

Try to find Strait b/w Asia & N. Amer. Otherwise NE Passage would be useless

Vitus Bering (Rus.) & later James Cook (Br.) find Bering Strait

Eng. Richard Chancellor reaches Russian port Archangel, but gets no further

Various Dutch explorers also try, but fail to find NE Passage

Search for NE Passage N. of Scandinavia

Passage found in 1878 & kept open by Russian ice breakers

Spain, Britain & Russia explore & claim N Americas NW coast

Explore S. Pacific to find Great Southern Cont.

Br. Capt. Cook shows they are islands, but fails to reach Antarctica

State of geographic knowledge c.1500: Outline of S. Amer. & E. coast of N. Amer., existence of Pacific Ocean, & size of globe (FC.81)


Fc 83 filling in the gaps voyages of later exploration c 1550 1900

NW Passage

Jacques Cartier- 2 expeds

for Francis I of Fr.

1534- Cartier: "the land that God gave Cain

1535-6- Explored as far as

present-day Montreal

1576- Martin Frobisher & the "Mongols"

1580's- John Baffin finds Baffin Island!

NE Passage

- Vegetable lamb

- A. E. Nordenskjold

1867- US buys Alaska for ~3 cents an acre

-> Sewards Folly

-> Gold & oil

Great S. Continent

- James Cook

- Sauerkraut & Vit. C

FC.83 FILLING IN THE GAPS: VOYAGES OF LATER EXPLORATION (c.1550-1900)

Dutch discover Australia & New Zealand

Search for NW Passage through N. Am. to Asia

English explore Arctic regions of N. America

Henry Hudson explores Hudson Bay (1610), but finds no NW Passage

No practical NW Passage ever found

Try to find Strait b/w Asia & N. Amer. Otherwise NE Passage would be useless

Vitus Bering (Rus.) & later James Cook (Br.) find Bering Strait

Eng. Richard Chancellor reaches Russian port Archangel, but gets no further

Various Dutch explorers also try, but fail to find NE Passage

Search for NE Passage N. of Scandinavia

Passage found in 1878 & kept open by Russian ice breakers

Spain, Britain & Russia explore & claim N Americas NW coast

Explore S. Pacific to find Great Southern Cont.

Br. Capt. Cook shows they are islands, but fails to reach Antarctica

State of geographic knowledge c.1500: Outline of S. Amer. & E. coast of N. Amer., existence of Pacific Ocean, & size of globe (FC.81)


Fc 83 filling in the gaps voyages of later exploration c 1550 1900

NW Passage

Jacques Cartier- 2 expeds

for Francis I of Fr.

1534- Cartier: "the land that God gave Cain

1535-6- Explored as far as

present-day Montreal

1576- Martin Frobisher & the "Mongols"

1580's- John Baffin finds Baffin Island!

NE Passage

- Vegetable lamb

- A. E. Nordenskjold

1867- US buys Alaska for ~3 cents an acre

-> Sewards Folly

-> Gold & oil

Great S. Continent

- James Cook

- Sauerkraut & Vit. C

- Runs aground on

Great Barrier Reef

FC.83 FILLING IN THE GAPS: VOYAGES OF LATER EXPLORATION (c.1550-1900)

Dutch discover Australia & New Zealand

Search for NW Passage through N. Am. to Asia

English explore Arctic regions of N. America

Henry Hudson explores Hudson Bay (1610), but finds no NW Passage

No practical NW Passage ever found

Try to find Strait b/w Asia & N. Amer. Otherwise NE Passage would be useless

Vitus Bering (Rus.) & later James Cook (Br.) find Bering Strait

Eng. Richard Chancellor reaches Russian port Archangel, but gets no further

Various Dutch explorers also try, but fail to find NE Passage

Search for NE Passage N. of Scandinavia

Passage found in 1878 & kept open by Russian ice breakers

Spain, Britain & Russia explore & claim N Americas NW coast

Explore S. Pacific to find Great Southern Cont.

Br. Capt. Cook shows they are islands, but fails to reach Antarctica

State of geographic knowledge c.1500: Outline of S. Amer. & E. coast of N. Amer., existence of Pacific Ocean, & size of globe (FC.81)


Fc 83 filling in the gaps voyages of later exploration c 1550 1900

NW Passage

Jacques Cartier- 2 expeds

for Francis I of Fr.

1534- Cartier: "the land that God gave Cain

1535-6- Explored as far as

present-day Montreal

1576- Martin Frobisher & the "Mongols"

1580's- John Baffin finds Baffin Island!

NE Passage

- Vegetable lamb

- A. E. Nordenskjold

1867- US buys Alaska for ~3 cents an acre

-> Sewards Folly

-> Gold & oil

Great S. Continent

- James Cook

- Sauerkraut & Vit. C

- Runs aground on

Great Barrier Reef

- Dies in Hawaii

FC.83 FILLING IN THE GAPS: VOYAGES OF LATER EXPLORATION (c.1550-1900)

Dutch discover Australia & New Zealand

Search for NW Passage through N. Am. to Asia

English explore Arctic regions of N. America

Henry Hudson explores Hudson Bay (1610), but finds no NW Passage

No practical NW Passage ever found

Try to find Strait b/w Asia & N. Amer. Otherwise NE Passage would be useless

Vitus Bering (Rus.) & later James Cook (Br.) find Bering Strait

Eng. Richard Chancellor reaches Russian port Archangel, but gets no further

Various Dutch explorers also try, but fail to find NE Passage

Search for NE Passage N. of Scandinavia

Passage found in 1878 & kept open by Russian ice breakers

Spain, Britain & Russia explore & claim N Americas NW coast

Explore S. Pacific to find Great Southern Cont.

Br. Capt. Cook shows they are islands, but fails to reach Antarctica

State of geographic knowledge c.1500: Outline of S. Amer. & E. coast of N. Amer., existence of Pacific Ocean, & size of globe (FC.81)


Fc 83 filling in the gaps voyages of later exploration c 1550 1900

NW Passage

Jacques Cartier- 2 expeds

for Francis I of Fr.

1534- Cartier: "the land that God gave Cain

1535-6- Explored as far as

present-day Montreal

1576- Martin Frobisher & the "Mongols"

1580's- John Baffin finds Baffin Island!

NE Passage

- Vegetable lamb

- A. E. Nordenskjold

1867- US buys Alaska for ~3 cents an acre

-> Sewards Folly

-> Gold & oil

Great S. Continent

- James Cook

- Sauerkraut & Vit. C

- Runs aground on

Great Barrier Reef

- Dies in Hawaii

- Palmer names Antarctica after his aunt rather than himself!

FC.83 FILLING IN THE GAPS: VOYAGES OF LATER EXPLORATION (c.1550-1900)

Br. Capt. Cook shows they are islands, but fails to reach Antarctica

Search for NW Passage through N. Am. to Asia

English explore Arctic regions of N. America

Henry Hudson explores Hudson Bay (1610), but finds no NW Passage

No practical NW Passage ever found

Try to find Strait b/w Asia & N. Amer. Otherwise NE Passage would be useless

Vitus Bering (Rus.) & later James Cook (Br.) find Bering Strait

Eng. Richard Chancellor reaches Russian port Archangel, but gets no further

Various Dutch explorers also try, but fail to find NE Passage

Search for NE Passage N. of Scandinavia

Passage found in 1878 & kept open by Russian ice breakers

Spain, Britain & Russia explore & claim N Americas NW coast

Explore S. Pacific to find Great Southern Cont.

Dutch discover Australia & New Zealand

Palmer finds Antarctica (1820)

State of geographic knowledge c.1500: Outline of S. Amer. & E. coast of N. Amer., existence of Pacific Ocean, & size of globe (FC.81)


Fc 83 filling in the gaps voyages of later exploration c 1550 1900

NW Passage

Jacques Cartier- 2 expeds

for Francis I of Fr.

1534- Cartier: "the land that God gave Cain

1535-6- Explored as far as

present-day Montreal

1576- Martin Frobisher & the "Mongols"

1580's- John Baffin finds Baffin Island!

NE Passage

- Vegetable lamb

- A. E. Nordenskjold

1867- US buys Alaska for ~3 cents an acre

-> Sewards Folly

-> Gold & oil

Great S. Continent

- James Cook

- Sauerkraut & Vit. C

- Runs aground on

Great Barrier Reef

- Dies in Hawaii

- Palmer names Antarctica after his aunt rather than himself!

FC.83 FILLING IN THE GAPS: VOYAGES OF LATER EXPLORATION (c.1550-1900)

By early 1800s, most continental coastlines have been explored & mapped

Search for NW Passage through N. Am. to Asia

English explore Arctic regions of N. America

Henry Hudson explores Hudson Bay (1610), but finds no NW Passage

No practical NW Passage ever found

Try to find Strait b/w Asia & N. Amer. Otherwise NE Passage would be useless

Vitus Bering (Rus.) & later James Cook (Br.) find Bering Strait

Eng. Richard Chancellor reaches Russian port Archangel, but gets no further

Various Dutch explorers also try, but fail to find NE Passage

Search for NE Passage N. of Scandinavia

Passage found in 1878 & kept open by Russian ice breakers

Spain, Britain & Russia explore & claim N Americas NW coast

Explore S. Pacific to find Great Southern Cont.

Dutch discover Australia & New Zealand

Br. Capt. Cook shows they are islands, but fails to reach Antarctica

Palmer finds Antarctica (1820)

State of geographic knowledge c.1500: Outline of S. Amer. & E. coast of N. Amer., existence of Pacific Ocean, & size of globe (FC.81)

What allowed exploration & settlement of continental interiors?


Fc 83 filling in the gaps voyages of later exploration c 1550 1900

NW Passage

Jacques Cartier- 2 expeds

for Francis I of Fr.

1534- Cartier: "the land that God gave Cain

1535-6- Explored as far as

present-day Montreal

1576- Martin Frobisher & the "Mongols"

1580's- John Baffin finds Baffin Island!

NE Passage

- Vegetable lamb

- A. E. Nordenskjold

1867- US buys Alaska for ~3 cents an acre

-> Sewards Folly

-> Gold & oil

Great S. Continent

- James Cook

- Sauerkraut & Vit. C

- Runs aground on

Great Barrier Reef

- Dies in Hawaii

- Palmer names Antarctica after his aunt rather than himself!

FC.83 FILLING IN THE GAPS: VOYAGES OF LATER EXPLORATION (c.1550-1900)

Palmer finds Antarctica (1820)

Search for NW Passage through N. Am. to Asia

English explore Arctic regions of N. America

Henry Hudson explores Hudson Bay (1610), but finds no NW Passage

No practical NW Passage ever found

Try to find Strait b/w Asia & N. Amer. Otherwise NE Passage would be useless

Vitus Bering (Rus.) & later James Cook (Br.) find Bering Strait

By early 1800s, most continental coastlines have been explored & mapped

Eng. Richard Chancellor reaches Russian port Archangel, but gets no further

Various Dutch explorers also try, but fail to find NE Passage

Search for NE Passage N. of Scandinavia

Passage found in 1878 & kept open by Russian ice breakers

Spain, Britain & Russia explore & claim N Americas NW coast

Explore S. Pacific to find Great Southern Cont.

Dutch discover Australia & New Zealand

Br. Capt. Cook shows they are islands, but fails to reach Antarctica

State of geographic knowledge c.1500: Outline of S. Amer. & E. coast of N. Amer., existence of Pacific Ocean, & size of globe (FC.81)

Railroads invented during Industrial Revolution (FC.112)


Fc 83 filling in the gaps voyages of later exploration c 1550 1900

NW Passage

Jacques Cartier- 2 expeds

for Francis I of Fr.

1534- Cartier: "the land that God gave Cain

1535-6- Explored as far as

present-day Montreal

1576- Martin Frobisher & the "Mongols"

1580's- John Baffin finds Baffin Island!

NE Passage

- Vegetable lamb

- A. E. Nordenskjold

1867- US buys Alaska for ~3 cents an acre

-> Sewards Folly

-> Gold & oil

Great S. Continent

- James Cook

- Sauerkraut & Vit. C

- Runs aground on

Great Barrier Reef

- Dies in Hawaii

- Palmer names Antarctica after his aunt rather than himself!

FC.83 FILLING IN THE GAPS: VOYAGES OF LATER EXPLORATION (c.1550-1900)

By early 1800s, most continental coastlines have been explored & mapped

Search for NW Passage through N. Am. to Asia

English explore Arctic regions of N. America

Henry Hudson explores Hudson Bay (1610), but finds no NW Passage

No practical NW Passage ever found

Try to find Strait b/w Asia & N. Amer. Otherwise NE Passage would be useless

Vitus Bering (Rus.) & later James Cook (Br.) find Bering Strait

Eng. Richard Chancellor reaches Russian port Archangel, but gets no further

Search for NE Passage N. of Scandinavia

Passage found in 1878 & kept open by Russian ice breakers

Spain, Britain & Russia explore & claim N Americas NW coast

Explore S. Pacific to find Great Southern Cont.

Dutch discover Australia & New Zealand

Br. Capt. Cook shows they are islands, but fails to reach Antarctica

Palmer finds Antarctica (1820)

Various Dutch explorers also try, but fail to find NE Passage

State of geographic knowledge c.1500: Outline of S. Amer. & E. coast of N. Amer., existence of Pacific Ocean, & size of globe (FC.81)

Railroads invented during Industrial Revolution (FC.112)

Vaccines invented during Industrial Revolution (FC.117)


Fc 83 filling in the gaps voyages of later exploration c 1550 1900

NW Passage

Jacques Cartier- 2 expeds

for Francis I of Fr.

1534- Cartier: "the land that God gave Cain

1535-6- Explored as far as

present-day Montreal

1576- Martin Frobisher & the "Mongols"

1580's- John Baffin finds Baffin Island!

NE Passage

- Vegetable lamb

- A. E. Nordenskjold

1867- US buys Alaska for ~3 cents an acre

-> Sewards Folly

-> Gold & oil

Great S. Continent

- James Cook

- Sauerkraut & Vit. C

- Runs aground on

Great Barrier Reef

- Dies in Hawaii

- Palmer names Antarctica after his aunt rather than himself!

FC.83 FILLING IN THE GAPS: VOYAGES OF LATER EXPLORATION (c.1550-1900)

Continental interiors explored during 1800s thanks to railroads that can carry & supply large populations & vaccines to combat tropical diseases

Search for NW Passage through N. Am. to Asia

English explore Arctic regions of N. America

Henry Hudson explores Hudson Bay (1610), but finds no NW Passage

No practical NW Passage ever found

Try to find Strait b/w Asia & N. Amer. Otherwise NE Passage would be useless

Vitus Bering (Rus.) & later James Cook (Br.) find Bering Strait

Eng. Richard Chancellor reaches Russian port Archangel, but gets no further

Various Dutch explorers also try, but fail to find NE Passage

Search for NE Passage N. of Scandinavia

Passage found in 1878 & kept open by Russian ice breakers

Spain, Britain & Russia explore & claim N Americas NW coast

Explore S. Pacific to find Great Southern Cont.

Dutch discover Australia & New Zealand

Br. Capt. Cook shows they are islands, but fails to reach Antarctica

Palmer finds Antarctica (1820)

By early 1800s, most continental coastlines have been explored & mapped

State of geographic knowledge c.1500: Outline of S. Amer. & E. coast of N. Amer., existence of Pacific Ocean, & size of globe (FC.81)

Railroads invented during Industrial Revolution (FC.112)

Vaccines invented during Industrial Revolution (FC.117)


  • Login