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Creation of a Literary Analysis Essay. Mr. Ward’s English. Format for Papers:. All of the literary papers you will write in this class will consist of three main parts: INTRO w/THESIS Body Paragraphs Topic Sentences, FACTS (Concrete Details), and ANALYSIS (Commentary) Conclusion. Thesis:.

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Format for papers
Format for Papers:

  • All of the literary papers you will write in this class will consist of three main parts:

  • INTRO w/THESIS

  • Body Paragraphs

    • Topic Sentences, FACTS (Concrete Details), and ANALYSIS (Commentary)

  • Conclusion


Thesis
Thesis:

  • The thesis tells the reader what the writer will prove in the essay

  • Tells the main idea of the paper

  • The last sentence of the introductory paragraph

  • Example:

    • Due to an experimental surgery, Charlie experienced advantages and disadvantages in his life and in his mind.

  • Example from freshman year:

    • Sanger Rainsford is an intelligent hunter who must outwit the General to save his life.


Topic sentences
Topic Sentences

  • Occur at the beginning of each body paragraph.

  • Must NOT repeat any key words from the thesis, for it will be written directly after the thesis.

  • It must, however, connect directly with the thesis.

    • Thesis: Due to an experimental surgery, Charlie experienced advantages and disadvantages in his life and in his mind.

    • Topic Sentence: Charlie’s operation benefitted him in many ways.

  • The topic sentence will summarize the main idea of the paragraph just like the thesis summarizes the entire paper.


Facts quotes
Facts (Quotes)

  • Is written directly after the topic sentence.

  • The “Facts” of your papers are examples from the story to help you prove your point.

  • They must be found in the story.

  • Direct quote: For example, the General gives Rainsford the option to hunt or the General will “turn him over to Ivan” (24).

  • Note: You are quoting the AUTHOR; therefore, anything that is written may be quoted.

  • After each quote, remember PPP

    • Parentheses, Page number, Period

      • “I was very skared [sic]” (170). The period is always last.


Body paragraphs
Body Paragraphs

  • Quotes

    • Weave in quotes without speaker tags: DO NOT USE!! (he said, “…” she expressed, “…” etc.)

  • Also, we must shorten the quotes for emphasis.

    • “I figured out a new way to line up the machines at the factory and Mr. Donnegan says it will save him ten thousand dollars a year in labor.

  • Determine what can be omitted from the quote and could be added in your own words.

    • Charlie’s new found intelligence assists him at his work by “figur[ing] out a new way to line up the machines at the factory” (180).

    • Use brackets to change sentences: [ing] or [ed]


Body paragraphs cont
Body Paragraphs cont.

  • When we include our quote we must remember: TLQ

    • Transition

    • Lead in

    • Quote

  • Original Sentence:

    • “This intelligence has driven a wedge between me and all the people I once knew and loved.”

  • For Example, although his newfound intelligence allowed him to experience life positively, he realized that it also had “driven a wedge between me and all the people I once knew and loved.”


Body paragraphs cont1
Body Paragraphs cont.

  • Use brackets to change tenses or add -ing to words.

  • Also, you can use brackets and [sic] to signify a typo made by the author.

    • “I was very skared [sic].”

      • The adverb sic—meaning "intentionally so written"—first appeared in English circa 1856. It is derived from the Latin adverb sīc, which contains a long vowel and means "so", "thus", "as such" or "in such a manner".

  • After each quote, remember PPP

    • Parentheses, Page number, Period

      • “I was very skared [sic]” (170). The period is always last.


Body paragraphs cont2
Body Paragraphs cont.

  • After the quotes, you need to provide at least two sentences of analysis.

    • The analysis should explain how the quote proves the Topic Sentence.

  • You CANNOT have facts in these sentences.

  • You must have two or more sentences of analysis for each fact.

    • Remember that you can always change your thesis and topic sentences to fit your analysis.

    • The analyses are the most important part of your essay.

    • These sentences bring “YOU” into the literature. Your voice/analyses is the important part of your paper.


Well written papers
Well written Papers

  • When a writer uses only a series of facts, the paper is a book report. There are no individual THOUGHTS.

  • Therefore, when writing literary analysis, you must include opinions/explanations for your facts/quotes.

  • Do NOT use first or second person, EVER!

    • I, Me, My

    • We, Us, Our, Ours

    • You, Your, Yours


Well written papers cont
Well written papers cont…

  • Do NOT use

    • should, would, could, maybe, may, might, must, seems, probably

      • These words signal irrelevant ideas or that you are unsure of your thoughts.

  • Avoid “Dead Words”:

    • a lot

    • really

    • good

    • very

    • bad

    • mean

    • nice

    • dumb

    • and any other over-used, general terms


Well written papers cont1
Well written papers cont…

  • Be sure to put the titles of short stories in “quotation marks”.

  • Titles of novels should be underlined.

  • Be sure to spell main characters’ and authors’ names correctly.

  • Do not repeat key phrases. Come up with new words. Use Thesaurus.

  • Keep all verbs in the same tense.

    • DO NOT SWITCH TENSES!!!


Intro paragraph
Intro Paragraph

  • First sentence: General statement related to theme in thesis. (Everyone can relate to)

    • What is our thesis about…

    • Society believes that ignorance equates to bliss, but does that mean that intelligence always equates to happiness. There are no easy routes to happiness.

  • Second and/or third sentence: Another general sentence(s) that narrow the topic down to your thesis. (Relate more to the story.)


Intro paragraph cont
Intro Paragraph cont.

  • In the next sentence remember: AGTS

    • Author

    • Genre

    • Title

    • Summarize how Charlie fits with the first two sentences of the intro.

  • In Daniel Keyes’ short story “Flowers for Algernon,” Charlie learns the truth.

  • This leads right into the thesis:

    • His experimental surgery has positives and negatives consequences.


Anatomy of the conclusion
Anatomy of the Conclusion:

  • The conclusion begins with a restatement of the thesis, not a repetition, and gradually widens toward a final , broad statement of implication.

  • Borrows from the body paragraphs, without being flatly repetitive or listing points already covered.

  • Creates echoes of the introduction and body paragraphs to reinforce analysis/ ideas.

  • Moves outward with a statement that relates the thesis to a broader implication



Conclusion
Conclusion: we care about these ideas? What’s so important about what you’ve developed in your paper?

  • Start specific, then get general and important.

Introduction

Conclusion


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