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Bonneville Power Administration - Pumped Storage Evaluation Northwest Hydroelectric Association Meeting Feb 24, 2011. Reclamation’s John W. Keys III Pump Generating Plant at Grand Coulee. Pump-Generating Plant. Lake Roosevelt. Pipe to the Feeder Canal and Banks Lake.

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Bonneville power administration pumped storage evaluation

Bonneville Power Administration - Pumped Storage Evaluation

Northwest Hydroelectric Association Meeting Feb 24, 2011

Reclamation’s John W. Keys III Pump Generating Plant at Grand Coulee

Pump-Generating Plant

Lake

Roosevelt

Pipe to the

Feeder Canal

and Banks Lake


Bonneville power administration pumped storage evaluation

Wind Power is Growing Fast !!!


Energy storage for support of wind integration

Energy Storage for Support of Wind Integration

  • “I want to assure you the Administration places a priority on improving the Nation's capabilities to integrate renewable resources into its electricity supply. I support the full exploration of pumped storage potential in the context of providing necessary intermittent renewable integration services. Pumped storage has unique potential in the Pacific Northwest where a higher percentage of wind generation has already been integrated into the region's transmission system than anywhere else in the Nation.”

    • U.S. Energy Secretary Steven Chu, in a letter to the Governors of Oregon, Washington, Idaho, and Montana; July 10, 2009

  • The Northwest Power and Conservation Council draft 6th Power Plan points out that pumped storage is one of the few storage concepts with “bulk” storage potential.

  • BPA’s draft Resource Program considers that pumped storage could provide BPA with a unique opportunity to return flexibility to the Federal hydro system.


Wind generation in the last week

Wind Generation in the Last Week


Bonneville power administration pumped storage evaluation

“Accurate Scheduling Model”

Actual accumulated generation imbalance


Pumped storage evaluation overall plan

Pumped Storage Evaluation – Overall Plan

Summer-Fall 2009

Fall 2009 - Present


Hdr dta report

HDR/DTA Report

Hydroelectric Pumped Storage for Enabling Variable Energy Resources within the Federal Columbia River Power System

Recommendations and Suggested Next Steps:

  • Model Development - Develop Tools to more accurately assess the capabilities of pumped storage to enable the integration of higher levels of variable generation in the FCRPS.

  • Keys Pump-Generating Plant - Pursue Equipment Modernization and Upgrades

  • Greenfield Project – Continue evaluation of a greenfield pumped storage project

  • Regional/National Communication – Pursue regional collaborative evaluation of a greenfield pumped storage project

  • Pumped storage has significant potential in the Pacific Northwest…

  • Keys Pump-Generating Plant is underutilized and with modernization and potential upgrades can be a near term resource for wind integration.

  • Grid scale energy storage would be a valuable asset for long term expected levels of wind in the future.


Bonneville power administration pumped storage evaluation

Bureau of Reclamation

  • Technical Service Center

  • John W. Keys III Pump Generating Plant, Columbia Basin Project

  • Special Report

  • October 2009

  • Appraisal Level Technical Evaluation for Modernization of John W. Keys III

  • Pump Generating Plant, Columbia Basin Project

  • Phase II Planning Study

  • February 2011

Funding Agreement for Evaluation of Keys Pump-Generating Plant Modernization signed by BPA and Reclamation on June 15, 2010


John w keys iii pump generating plant

John W. Keys III Pump Generating Plant

Original installation in 1951

six 50 MW pumping units

Upgrade in 1973

two 50 MW pump/generators

installed

Upgrade in 1983-84

four 53.5 MW pump/

generators installed

Current Capacity

Pumping – 12 Units 614 MW

Generating – 6 Units 314 MW


Keys pump generating plant assessment

Keys Pump-Generating Plant Assessment

USBR Technical Service Center and HDR Recommendations Under Evaluation:

Modernization

Excitation

Governors

Breakers

Unit Controls and Protection

PG Phase Reversal Switches

Pump Motor Disconnect Switches

PG7 & 8 Wicket Gate Operating Mechanism Improvements

Main Step-up Transformer & Transformer Disconnect Switches

Station Service Upgrades

Miscellaneous Balance-of-Plant refurbishment

Estimated Cost $85-$145M

Upgrade of Pump-Generator Units 7-12

Preference is to increase the operating head range of the PG units

Secondary goal is to increase Capacity (a 20% increase would result in pumping capacity – 660MW, generating capacity – 360MW)

Estimated Cost $80-$140M


Hdr dta report greenfield pumped storage examples

HDR/DTA Report – Greenfield Pumped Storage Examples


Other potential solutions for integrating wind

Other Potential Solutions for Integrating Wind

  • Transmission additions to reach/blend diverse wind projects

  • Generators self supply balancing reserves

  • Continued scheduling improvements

  • Explore virtual Balancing Area consolidation

  • Enhanced storage capability:

    • Batteries

    • Pumped storage

    • Compressed air

    • Flywheels

    • Plug-in electric vehicles

  • Conservation

  • Demand response

  • Smart Grid applications

  • Purchase balancing reserves from a third party


Bonneville power administration pumped storage evaluation

Wayne Todd

Bonneville Power Administration

[email protected]


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