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NANOTECHNOLOGY NANOCIRCUTRY & NANOCOMPUTING PRESENTED BY. WHAT IS NANOTECHNOLOGY?. Nanotechnology deals with the study of Materials of size 10 -9 m. The materials in nanometer scale posses novel properties such as high efficiency &

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NANOTECHNOLOGY NANOCIRCUTRY & NANOCOMPUTING PRESENTED BY

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Nanotechnology nanocircutry nanocomputing presented by

NANOTECHNOLOGY

NANOCIRCUTRY & NANOCOMPUTING

PRESENTED BY


What is nanotechnology

WHAT IS NANOTECHNOLOGY?

Nanotechnology deals with the study of

Materials of size 10-9 m.

The materials in nanometer scale posses novel properties such as high efficiency &

capacity than the normal materials.


What is nano circutry

WHAT IS NANO CIRCUTRY?

Nanocircuitry deals with minimization of circuit size to nano scale.

It helps the scientists & engineers in reduction of the size of computers & other electronic devices.

The age of nanocircuitary begins with the invention of nanotransistors & ultra capacitors.


Nanotechnology nanocircutry nanocomputing presented by

MOORE’S LAW:moore’s law states that,”the speed of the computer will be doubled in every 18 to 24 months.This is made possible by increasing the number of transistors fitted into a circuit.


Ultra capacitors

ULTRA-CAPACITORS

CAPACITORS ARE ENERGY SAVING DEVICES.

THEY CONSIST OF TWO TERMINALS EACH STORE POSITIVE OR NEGATIVE CHARGES.

THE ULTRA CAPACITORS ARE MADE FROM CARBON NANO TUBES.

THEY HAVE HIGH RELIABILITY,COMPACTNESS.


Transistors

TRANSISTORS:

Transistors are the devices that forms the integral parts of the circuit.

Transistors converts the weak signals into stronger signals.

To convert the transistors to nano scale we are in need of switch on to carbon base instead of silicon.


Nanotechnology nanocircutry nanocomputing presented by

Fig: TRANSFORMATION OF TRANSISTORS FROM

HUGE SIZE TO NANO-CIRCUITS


Carbon nanotubes

CARBON NANOTUBES

CARBON NANO TUBES ARE THE BASIC BUILDING BLOCKS OF NANO CIRCUITS.

THEY ARE COMPOSED OF C-40 ATOMS.

THEY ARE PATENTED BY IBM.


Latest nanoproducts

LATEST NANOPRODUCTS

I-POD NANO developed by apple in 2007.

Processors developed by IBM &VIA technologies.


Nanotechnology nanocircutry nanocomputing presented by

Fig : I-POD NANO


Risks

RISKS:

The electronics scientists need to develop new circuits to cope with nano circuits working with carbon nanotubes .

The transistors will be 100 times smaller than the thickness of human hair so it is difficult to identify the problems in it.

The ultracapacitors produces high heat, till today there is no remedy given to cool it.


Other applications of nanocomputing

OTHER APPLICATIONS OF NANOCOMPUTING:

DISPLAYS

QUANTUM COMPUTERS


Nanotechnology nanocircutry nanocomputing presented by

Nanoelectronics and Computing

Sensors

  • Molecular electronics & photonics

  • Computing architecture

  • Assembly

  • Life detection

  • Crew health & safety

  • Vehicle health

Structural Materials

  • Composites

  • Multifunctional materials

  • Self healing

NASA Nanotechnology

Program Content

  • •Nanotechnology Program Elements

  • -Nanoelectronics and Computing

  • -Sensors

  • -Structural Materials


Nanotechnology nanocircutry nanocomputing presented by

NASA Mission Needs

• Onboard computing systems for future autonomous intelligent vehicles

-powerful, compact, low power consumption, radiation hard

• High performance computing (Tera- and Peta-flops)

-processing satellite data

-integrated space vehicle engineering

-climate modeling

• Revolutionary computing technologies

• Smart, compact sensors, ultrasmall probes

• Advanced miniaturization of all systems

• Microspacecraft

• 'Thinking' spacecraft

• Micro-, nano-rovers for planetary exploration

•Novel materials for future spacecraft


Nanotechnology nanocircutry nanocomputing presented by

NASA Nanotechnology Roadmap

C A P A B I L I T Y

Multi-Functional Materials

Adaptive Self-Repairing Space Missions

Autonomous Spacecraft (40% less mass)

Revolutionary Aircraft Concepts (30% less mass, 20% less emission, 25% increased range)

Reusable Launch Vehicle (20% less mass, 20% less noise)

High Strength

Materials (>10 GPa)

Bio-Inspired Materials

and Processes

Increasing levels of system design and integration

  • Biomimetic material systems

  • Single-walled nanotube fibers

  • Nanotube composites

  • Integral thermal/shape control

  • Smart “skin” materials

Materials

  • Low-Power CNT electronic components

  • Molecular computing/data storage

  • Fault/radiation tolerant electronics

  • Nano electronic “brain” for space Exploration

  • Biological computing

Electronics/

computing

  • In-space nanoprobes

  • Nano flight system components

  • Quantum navigation sensors

  • Integrated nanosensor systems

  • NEMS flight systems @ 1 µW

Sensors, s/c

components

>

2002

2004

2006

2011

2016


Nanotechnology nanocircutry nanocomputing presented by

hn

e-

Mission Complexity

Compute Capacity

Nanoelectronics and Computing RoadmapImpact on Space Transportation, Space Science and Earth Science

2002

2005

2010

2015

Sensor Web

Robot Colony

Nano-electronic

components

Europa Sub

Ultra high density storage

RLV

Biomimetic,

radiation resistant

molecular computing

Biological Molecules

CNT Devices


Nanotechnology nanocircutry nanocomputing presented by

Mission Complexity

Sensor Capacity

Nanosensor Roadmap

Impact on Space Transportation, HEDS, Space Science and Astrobiology

2002

2005

2010

2015

Optical Sensors

for Synthetic

Vision

2020

Sensor Web

Nanotube Vibration

Sensor for Propulsion

Diagnostics

Mars Robot Colony

Multi-sensor

Arrays (Chemical,

optical and bio)

Europa Sub

Biosensors

Sharp CJV

Spacestation

Nanopore for in situ

biomark-sensor

2003

ISPP

Missions too early

for nanotechnology

impact

1999

DSI RAX


Nanotechnology nanocircutry nanocomputing presented by

Nano-Materials RoadmapImpact on Space Transportation, Space Science and HEDS

2002

2005

2010

2015

Generation 3 RLV

HEDS Habitats

Non-tacky

temperature

Tacky

CNT Tethers

SELF-HEALING MATERIALS

Mission Complexity

RLV Cryo Tanks

Production of

single CNT

SELF-ASSEMBLING MATERIALS

NANOTUBE COMPOSITES

MULTIFUNCTIONAL MATERIALS

Strong Smart Structures

Nanotextiles

CNT = Carbon Nanotubes


Nanotechnology nanocircutry nanocomputing presented by

Biomimetics and Bio-inspired SystemsImpact on Space Transportation, Space Science and Earth Science

2002

2010

2020

2030

Embryonics

Self Assembled Array

Space Transportation

Biologically inspired

aero-space systems

Mission Complexity

Brain-like

computing

Sensor Web

Extremophiles

Mars in situ

life detector

Skin and Bone

Self healing structure

and thermal protection

systems

DNA

Computing

Biological Mimicking

Artificial nanopore

high resolution

Biological nanopore

low resolution


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