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Meat, Dairy and Breast Cancer Publication. Missmer, et al. Meat and dairy food consumption and breast cancer: a pooled analysis of cohort studies. International Journal of Epidemiology. 2002; 31: 78-85. . Cohort Studies in the Pooled Analysis of Meat and Dairy Intake and Breast Cancer.

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meat dairy and breast cancer publication
Meat, Dairy and Breast Cancer Publication

Missmer, et al. Meat and dairy food consumption and breast cancer: a pooled analysis of cohort studies. International Journal of Epidemiology. 2002; 31: 78-85.

cohort studies in the pooled analysis of meat and dairy intake and breast cancer
Cohort Studies in the Pooled Analysis of Meat and Dairy Intake and Breast Cancer

Sweden Mammography Cohort

Canadian National Breast Screening Study

Nurses’ Health Study

Netherlands

Cohort Study

New York University Women’s Health Study

New York

State Cohort

Adventist Health Study

Total = 351,041

# of cases = 7,379

Iowa Women’s Health Study

cohort studies in the pooled analysis of meat and dairy consumption and breast cancer
Cohort Studies in the Pooled Analysis of Meat and Dairy Consumption and Breast Cancer

Study Baseline No. of Cohort Cases Adventist Health 15,172 160 Canadian National 56,837 419 Iowa Women’s 34,406 1130 Netherlands Cohort 62,377 937 New York State 18,475 367 New York University 13,261 385 Nurses’ Health (a) 89,046 1023 Nurses’ Health (b) 68,817 1638 Sweden Mammography 61,467 1320

Missmer, et al. 2002

median intakes g d among control participants
Median Intakes (g/d) Among Control Participants

Study Meat Dairy Dairy fluids solids

Adventist Health 25 262 28 Canadian National 181 247 34 Iowa Women’s 166 250 23 Netherlands Cohort 106 251 33 New York State ---- ---- ---- New York University 110 209 24 Nurses’ Health (a) 215 203 27 Nurses’ Health (b) 163 231 24 Sweden Mammography 91 219 24

Missmer, et al. 2002

pooled multivariate relative risks of meat and breast cancer
Pooled Multivariate Relative Risksof Meat and Breast Cancer

Quartile Total Meat Red Meat White Meat

1 1.00 1.00 1.00

2 1.07 1.00 0.99

3 1.02 0.99 1.03

4 1.08 0.94 1.02

(0.98-1.19) (0.87-1.02) (0.91-1.13)

p for trend 0.13 0.13 0.21

Missmer, et al. 2002

study specific relative risks for red meat and breast cancer quartile 4 vs 1
Study-Specific Relative Risks for Red Meat and Breast Cancer (Quartile 4 vs. 1)

Adventist

Canada

Iowa

Netherlands

NY State

NY University

Nurses\' (a)

Nurses\' (b)

Sweden

Combined

.5

1

5

Relative Risk

Missmer, et al. 2002

pooled multivariate relative risks of specific red meats and breast cancer
Pooled Multivariate Relative Risks of Specific Red Meats and Breast Cancer

Food item RR (95% CI) (increment = 100g/d)

Ground beef 1.09 (0.89-1.34)

Organ meats 1.07 (0.61-1.88)

Processed meats 0.98 (0.96-1.00)

Bacon 0.99 (0.89-1.09)

Sausage 0.94 (0.83-1.07)

Hot dogs 0.75 (0.39-1.44)

Missmer, et al. 2002

pooled multivariate relative risks of specific white meats and breast cancer
Pooled Multivariate Relative Risks of Specific White Meats and Breast Cancer

Food item RR (95% CI) (increment = 100 g/d)

Poultry 1.05 (0.96-1.13)

Seafood 1.01 (0.87-1.16)

Fish 1.01 (0.87-1.17)

Shellfish 0.77 (0.39-1.53)

Eggs 1.22 (1.03-1.45)

Missmer, et al. 2002

pooled multivariate relative risks of dairy products and breast cancer
Pooled Multivariate Relative Risksof Dairy Products and Breast Cancer

Quartile Fluids Solids

1 1.00 1.00

2 1.00 1.02

3 0.92 0.94

4 0.93 1.01

(0.84-1.03) (0.93-1.09)

p for trend 0.09 0.94

Missmer, et al. 2002

pooled multivariate relative risks of specific dairy items and breast cancer
Pooled Multivariate Relative Risksof Specific Dairy Items and Breast Cancer

RR (95% CI)(increment = 100 g/d)

Cheese 1.16 (0.98-1.37)

Cottage cheese 0.97 (0.85-1.09)

Ice cream 1.03 (0.88-1.22)

Milk 0.99 (0.97-1.00)

Yogurt 0.98 (0.94-1.01)

Missmer, et al. 2002

pooled multivariate relative risks of breast cancer and meat consumption by menopausal status
Pooled Multivariate Relative Risks of Breast Cancer and Meat Consumption by Menopausal Status

RR (95% CI) p-for (increment = 100 g/d) interaction Red meat Premeno. 0.97 (0.79-1.20) Postmeno. 0.97 (0.91-1.03) 0.85

White meat Premeno. 0.99 (0.79-1.25) Postmeno. 1.05 (0.97-1.15) 0.36

Total Meat Premeno. 1.00 (0.87-1.14) Postmeno. 1.04 (0.99-1.09) 0.99

Missmer, et al. 2002

pooled multivariate relative risk of breast cancer and dairy consumption by menopausal status
Pooled Multivariate Relative Risk of Breast Cancer and Dairy Consumption by Menopausal Status

RR (95% CI) p-for (increment = 100 g/d) interaction

Total dairy fluids Premeno. 0.96 (0.90-1.02) Postmeno. 1.00 (0.98-1.01) 0.53

Total dairy solids Premeno. 0.87 (0.68-1.11) Postmeno. 1.05 (0.94-1.16) 0.73

Missmer, et al. 2002

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