Egypt. Arabic. Egypt. Tell me what you are thinking, feeling, hearing, smelling, and tasting. Egyptian pound is divided into 100 piastres. One piastre is orignally a silver coin of U.S. dollar size. Cairo. Desert: hot, dry summers; moderate winters. 83,000,000. Egyptian pound.
Tell me what you are thinking, feeling, hearing, smelling, and tasting.
Egyptian pound is divided into 100 piastres. One piastre is orignally a silver coin of U.S. dollar size
Desert: hot, dry summers; moderate winters
President Mohamed Morsy
Modern Standard Arabic
Bilady, Bilady, Bilady
Money has two faces—one in Arabic and one in English
Aswan High Dam, constructed in 1971
Members of the upper classes in cities adopted the clothing of their conquerors—Ottoman Turks and European
Kaftan: full length garment like a coat with long, wide sleeves, that is often striped. Open in the front and often bound by a hizan (fabric belt)
Jubbah: a long, wide sleeved gown which reached to the feet and was buttoned half way down
Farmers (fellahin) wear gallibayas (a long shirt)
Binish: a cloth overcoat with wide sleeves
Sserual: trousers, sometimes worn under the gallebaya sleeves, that is often striped. Open in the front and often bound by a hizan (fabric belt)
Kamis: a wider version of the gallibaya
Eri: a gallibaya with a looser fit under the arms
Melaya luf: a large rectangular wrap worn for modesty, warmth, and used to carry things
Peasant woman wear a gallebaya outdoors, but in the city gallebaya are worn only indoors
Yelek: a woman’s version of the kaftan. It is lined, with the neck open to just below the collar bone and buttoned or laced along side seams for shaping. There is a high side slip over trousers, and girded with shawl. A shirt is worn under it, and a djubbeh or binnish over it
In public, women wear a wide dress called a tob sebleh
Different head coverings tell a lot about the wearer’s location in time and space, status, and religion
’iqal: draped headscarf and band
Taqiyah: skull cap
Turban (cloth shaal)
Bedouin thobes: sleeve worn over head
Headscarves (khimar, hattah, zurband, shash, qun’ah, mandil): a rectangular scarf which can be pinned around the face, wrapped around the head, held by a headband, or formed into a bag
Some women will pull part of their other clothing over their head as headwear
Burnous: hood pulled over head
Seega: Two player game played on a 5x5 board, with stones or marbles. Each player has 12 pieces, which are placed on the board 2 at a time.
Senet Board Game: means game of passing. One of the oldest known board games in the world (3100 BC). Game board is a grid of 30 squares, arranged in three rows of ten. There are two sets of pawns (at least 5 of each). Actual rules are still debated. A board for this game was found in the tomb of King Tut.
Modern Culture: Played in Lost. Video Game Tomb Raider: The Last Revelation
Mancala: warmth, and used to carry things One of the oldest games in the world. There are over 200 versions. A count and capture game.
Mehen (snake): Board depicts a coiled snake whose body is divided into rectangular spaces. Game is traditionally played with lion or lioness shaped game pieces, in sets of 3 or as many as 6
Thutmose III: Commonly called the Napoleon of Ancient Egypt. He never lost a battle. A national hero, respected through Egyptian history. Set up several obelisks (one was moved to Central Park in New York).
Cleopatra VII: Queen of Egypt. Her family ruled Egypt for more than 100 years before she was born. Inspired the story Antony and Cleopatra by Shakespeare. Last ruler of Macedonian dynasty. Julius Caesar fell in love with her.
Tutankhamen: Became a pharaoh at the age of 9. Known as King Tut. Too young to rule, so his Uncle Ay ruled for him while he was a boy. Died mysteriously and suddenly at 18.
Fadlek (m), Fadleki (f): Please
Shokran: Thank You
Al’afw: You’re Welcome
Kam howa thamanoh?: How much is this?
La afham!: I don’t understand!
Ayna Al Hammam?: Where is the bathroom