Three world religions
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Three World Religions. Chapte r10.2. Judaism. The oldest of the Monotheistic Religions First practiced in Southwest Asia by the Israelites Religious book = Torah (1 st 5 books of the Bible) All Jewish people are descendants of Abraham (Founder of Judaism). Jewish History.

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Three World Religions

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Three world religions

Three World Religions

Chapte r10.2


Judaism

Judaism

  • The oldest of the Monotheistic Religions

    • First practiced in Southwest Asia by the Israelites

  • Religious book = Torah (1st 5 books of the Bible)

  • All Jewish people are descendants of Abraham (Founder of Judaism)


Jewish history

Jewish History

  • Believe God gave Moses the 10 Commandments for them to live by (Est 1400BC)

    • Would remain in God’s favor as long as they followed God’s law

  • 1000 B.C. King David created the Kingdom of Israel with Jerusalem being the capital


Judaism today

Judaism Today

  • Holidays: Passover, Hannukah, Rosh Hashanah (New Years), Yom Kippur (Most important)

  • Religious Leaders are called Rabbis


Christianity

Christianity

  • Began in Southwest Asia (Modern Day Israel)

  • Jesus is the founder of Christianity

    • Preached a message of trusting God and repentance of sin, and God would forgive their sins

  • Crucified for blasphemy


Christianity1

Christianity

  • Disciples Proclaimed Jesus had risen from the grave

  • Began preaching that he was the Son of God

Major Holidays: Christmas, Good Friday, Easter


Islam

Islam

  • Began on the Arabian Peninsula in Southwest Asia in the 600’s A.D.

  • Followers are called Muslims

  • Muhammad (a prophet) is the founder of Islam


Muhammad

Muhammad

  • Believed to have heard the angel Gabrielle to preach there is only 1 God (Allah) and the Five Pillars of Faith

  • Within 20 years all of Arabia had accepted Islam


Islam today

Islam Today

  • Religious Book: Quran

  • Every Muslim must make a pilgrimage to Mecca to pray (hajj)

Holy Month is called Ramadan


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