Identify three key weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation. No power to tax or coin money No executive authority – forced to invent one by committee action No official home base. What were often the two key requirements for voting in the early Republic?.
What agreement established the guidelines for the settlement and organization of the “western territories” in 1787? What were some key provisions?
A country based on manufacturing and a strong central government (run by elite)
Consolidate Nat’l debt, assume state debts, pay debt in full, works to boost manufactures
War between France & GB, Jeff (D-Rs) backed France – Feds backed GB, fuels party tensions
Agricultural society, everybody owns land or a small business, strong state’s rights; the Louisiana Purchase
Lewis & Clark; map the territory, bring back specimens, friendly relations with natives
War of 1812
don’t mess around in our hemisphere & we’ll stay out of yours (to Europe)
Common Man (new Democratic Party) expand opportunity for all white men, oppose National bank, Indian relocation (Trail of Tears)
The belief that the U.S. would someday control the land from coast to coast.
Whigs and Abolitionists, opposed extension of slavery in the Southwest
MO is a slave state, ME is a free state, no slavery above 36-30 line
CA free state, tougher fugitive slave law, UT & NM slave territories
Northern route for transcontinental RR, popular sovereignty on slavery in K-N
attempt to arm slaves and lead a revolt
Better generals, defensive war, passion for their cause
larger population, more industry, better transportation, more food production
Free the slaves in rebel states, provide moral cause for the war
Made slavery illegal
Southern States were passing Black Codes, 14th was supposed to protect citizenship rights of all citizens
Andrew Johnson, much to friendly to the South (unwilling to make big reforms), they impeached him
sharecropping, lynching, lack of land reform, KKK, black codes, racist attitudes
poll taxes, literacy tests, threats & violence