Optics and magnetic field calculation for the hall d tagger
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Optics and magnetic field calculation for the Hall D Tagger. Guangliang Yang Glasgow University. Contents. 1 . Magnetic field calculated using Opera 3D. 2. Tagger optics calculated using Opera 3D. 3. Tagger optics along the straight line focal plane.

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Optics and magnetic field calculation for the Hall D Tagger

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Optics and magnetic field calculation for the hall d tagger

Optics and magnetic field calculation for the Hall D Tagger

Guangliang Yang

Glasgow University


Contents

Contents

1. Magnetic field calculated using Opera 3D.

2. Tagger optics calculated using Opera 3D.

3. Tagger optics along the straight line focal plane.

4. Effects of position and direction errors on the straight line focal plane optics.

5. Conclusion.


Optics and magnetic field calculation for the hall d tagger

Part 1. Magnetic field calculation.

The magnetic field of the Hall D Tagger is calculated by using a finite element software- Opera 3D, version 10.025

Two identical dipoles and one quadupole are included in the same mesh model.

More than 2 million elements and 1.5 million nodes have been used in the calculation.

The magnetic fields have been checked along various electron trajectories.


Optics and magnetic field calculation for the hall d tagger

Mesh used by Tosca for magnetic field calculation .

Magnetic field calculated by using Opera 3D, version 10.025.


Optics and magnetic field calculation for the hall d tagger

TOSCA Magnetic Field Calculation.

Magnetic field along a line perpendicular to the magnet output edge.

Mid-plane magnetic field histogram calculated by TOSCA.


Magnetic field along electron beam trajectory 1gev

Magnetic field along electron beam trajectory (1GeV).


Magnetic field along electron beam trajectory 8 gev

Magnetic field along electron beam trajectory (8 GeV).


Optics and magnetic field calculation for the hall d tagger

Magnetic field along electron beam trajectories between 3.9 and 5.0 GeV.


Y component of stray field at focal plane position

Y-component of stray field at focal plane position.

Minimum distance between focal plane detector and EFB


Component of stray field normal to y direction at focal plane position

Component of stray field normal to y-direction at focal plane position.

Minimum distance between focal plane detector and EFB


Optics and magnetic field calculation for the hall d tagger

Part 2. Optics calculated using Opera 3D.

  • The electron trajectories of various energies have been evaluated using the calculated magnetic field.

  • By using the calculated electron trajectories, optical properties of the Tagger are determined.


Starting position and direction of an electron trajectory

Starting position and direction of an electron trajectory.

We use (x, y, z) to describe the starting position of an electron trajectory and use α and ψto determine its direction.

(x, y, z) are the co-ordinates of a point in a Cartesian system. The positive z direction is along the main beam direction, the y direction is perpendicular to the mid plane of the tagger, and the positive x direction is opposite to the bending direction.

α is the angle between the projected line of the emitted ray on the x-z plane and the z axis, ψ is the angle between the projected line of the emitted ray on the y-z plane and the z axis.


Ray bundle used in the calculation

Ray bundle used in the calculation

  • By varying x, y, α and ψ, 81 trajectories are defined for each bundle.

  • x=σx or 0 or -σx.

  • y=σy or 0 or -σy.

  • z=-300 cm (i.e. the radiator position).

  • α=4σh or 0 or -4σh.

  • ψ=4σv or 0 or -4σv.

  • σx andσy are the standard deviations for the main beam in the horizontal or vertical directions.

  • σhandσv are the energy degraded electron characteristic angles in the horizontal or vertical directions.


Optics and magnetic field calculation for the hall d tagger

Beam trajectories (1-9 GeV) and the straight line focal plane position

Tosca.

  • Electron trajectories have been calculated using Opera 3 D post processor.

  • The focal plane position is determined by using the calculated electron trajectories and spot sizes.

Different colours indicate different energies


Calculated electron trajectories 81 per ray bundle

Calculated electron trajectories (81 per ray bundle).

Electron trajectory bundles according to their directions at the object position.

(3 GeV)

(8 GeV)

2

1

2

1

Beam trajectories calculated from TOSCA in the mid plane for 3 GeV and 8 GeV.Those trajectories having the same directionfocus on position 1, and those trajectories having the same starting position focuson position 2.( Electrons travelling in the direction shown by the top arrow ).


Optics and magnetic field calculation for the hall d tagger

Sketch showing the two focusing positions

Object

Lens

Image

Position 1

Position 2

From the TOSCA calculation, the best location for a straight line focal plane is close to position 2 for the lower electron energies. For high electron energies the best location is close to position 1.


Optics and magnetic field calculation for the hall d tagger

Beam trajectories calculated by TOSCA in a vertical plane for 3 GeV electrons.

Rays with different starting points but with a common angle

Y position depends on emission angle of bremsstrahlung electrons.

Exit edge

Exit edge

Focal plane

Focal plane

With quadrupole

Without quadrupole


Optics and magnetic field calculation for the hall d tagger

TOSCA calculation of the beam spot profile at the focal plane. For 3 GeV electrons and no quadruople.

(without Quadrupole)

Different lab x co-ords at radiator.

Different angles ψat radiator

different lab y co-ords at radiator

The nearest three intersections are in the same group. The intersections in the same group have the same x and y co-ords at the radiator but a different angle α. They are superimposed together at the precise point to point focus position.

The intersections of the beam trajectories with the plane through thefocusing point for the central line energy and perpendicular to the beam.


Optics and magnetic field calculation for the hall d tagger

TOSCA calculation of the beam spot profile at the focal plane

for 3 GeV electrons and with a quadrupole (81 lines).

Different lab x co-ords at radiator

With quadrupole

Different angles ψat radiator

9 intersections superimposed together


Optics and magnetic field calculation for the hall d tagger

Two identical dipoles Tagger (with the quadrupole adjusted to focus at 3 GeV).


Optics and magnetic field calculation for the hall d tagger

Two identical dipoles Tagger (with the quadrupole adjusted to focus at 4.3 GeV).


Optics and magnetic field calculation for the hall d tagger

Envelopes of electron beam trajectories as they cross the focal plane– using 81 trajectory ray bundles (without quadrupole).


Optics and magnetic field calculation for the hall d tagger

Electron beam trajectories as they cross the focal plane - central ray only.


Optics and magnetic field calculation for the hall d tagger

Par 3. Tagger optics along the straight line focal plane.

  • The optical properties have been determined using Tosca ray tracing .

  • The optical properties meet the requirements of GlueX.


Straight line focal plane position

Straight line focal plane position

Magnet 1

Magnet 1

Photon beam

Straight thin window flange (parallel to the straight line focal plane determined by TOSCA ray tracing)

Main beam


Optics and magnetic field calculation for the hall d tagger

Comparison of optical properties along the Straight Line focal planes (without and with quadrupole). (quadrupole field optimized for 3 GeV electrons.)

Resolution.

Half vertical height.


Optics and magnetic field calculation for the hall d tagger

Comparison of optical properties along the Straight Line focal plane (without and with quadrupole).

Dispersion.

Beta.

(Perpendicular to electron trajectory)

Beta is the angle between an outgoing electron trajectory and the focal plane.


Part 5 effects of positioning errors

Part 5. Effects of positioning errors.

  • The effects of positioning errors on the Tagger optics are simulated by using Opera 3 D. In these calculations, the second magnet is intentionally put in the wrong position.

  • Various positioning errors have been investigated:

    1.the second magnet is moved longitudinally +-2 mm along a straight line parallel to the long exit edge of the first magnet.

    2.the second magnet is moved right or left 2 mm along a straight line perpendicular to the long exit edge of the first magnet.

    3. the second magnet is rotated around the bottom right corner of the second magnet by an angle of 0.1 degree or -0.1degree.

  • It has been found that the Tagger optical properties are insensitive to the positioning errors.


Conclusions

Conclusions

  • The optical properties along the straight line focal plane of the two identical magnets Tagger meet the GlueX specifications.

  • The Tagger optical properties are insensitive to the positioning errors investigated.


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