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Optics and magnetic field calculation for the Hall D Tagger

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Guangliang Yang

Glasgow University

1. Magnetic field calculated using Opera 3D.

2. Tagger optics calculated using Opera 3D.

3. Tagger optics along the straight line focal plane.

4. Effects of position and direction errors on the straight line focal plane optics.

5. Conclusion.

Part 1. Magnetic field calculation.

The magnetic field of the Hall D Tagger is calculated by using a finite element software- Opera 3D, version 10.025

Two identical dipoles and one quadupole are included in the same mesh model.

More than 2 million elements and 1.5 million nodes have been used in the calculation.

The magnetic fields have been checked along various electron trajectories.

Mesh used by Tosca for magnetic field calculation .

Magnetic field calculated by using Opera 3D, version 10.025.

TOSCA Magnetic Field Calculation.

Magnetic field along a line perpendicular to the magnet output edge.

Mid-plane magnetic field histogram calculated by TOSCA.

Magnetic field along electron beam trajectories between 3.9 and 5.0 GeV.

Minimum distance between focal plane detector and EFB

Minimum distance between focal plane detector and EFB

Part 2. Optics calculated using Opera 3D.

- The electron trajectories of various energies have been evaluated using the calculated magnetic field.
- By using the calculated electron trajectories, optical properties of the Tagger are determined.

We use (x, y, z) to describe the starting position of an electron trajectory and use α and ψto determine its direction.

(x, y, z) are the co-ordinates of a point in a Cartesian system. The positive z direction is along the main beam direction, the y direction is perpendicular to the mid plane of the tagger, and the positive x direction is opposite to the bending direction.

α is the angle between the projected line of the emitted ray on the x-z plane and the z axis, ψ is the angle between the projected line of the emitted ray on the y-z plane and the z axis.

- By varying x, y, α and ψ, 81 trajectories are defined for each bundle.
- x=σx or 0 or -σx.
- y=σy or 0 or -σy.
- z=-300 cm (i.e. the radiator position).
- α=4σh or 0 or -4σh.
- ψ=4σv or 0 or -4σv.
- σx andσy are the standard deviations for the main beam in the horizontal or vertical directions.
- σhandσv are the energy degraded electron characteristic angles in the horizontal or vertical directions.

Beam trajectories (1-9 GeV) and the straight line focal plane position

Tosca.

- Electron trajectories have been calculated using Opera 3 D post processor.
- The focal plane position is determined by using the calculated electron trajectories and spot sizes.

Different colours indicate different energies

Electron trajectory bundles according to their directions at the object position.

(3 GeV)

(8 GeV)

2

1

2

1

Beam trajectories calculated from TOSCA in the mid plane for 3 GeV and 8 GeV.Those trajectories having the same directionfocus on position 1, and those trajectories having the same starting position focuson position 2.( Electrons travelling in the direction shown by the top arrow ).

Sketch showing the two focusing positions

Object

Lens

Image

Position 1

Position 2

From the TOSCA calculation, the best location for a straight line focal plane is close to position 2 for the lower electron energies. For high electron energies the best location is close to position 1.

Beam trajectories calculated by TOSCA in a vertical plane for 3 GeV electrons.

Rays with different starting points but with a common angle

Y position depends on emission angle of bremsstrahlung electrons.

Exit edge

Exit edge

Focal plane

Focal plane

With quadrupole

Without quadrupole

TOSCA calculation of the beam spot profile at the focal plane. For 3 GeV electrons and no quadruople.

(without Quadrupole)

Different lab x co-ords at radiator.

Different angles ψat radiator

different lab y co-ords at radiator

The nearest three intersections are in the same group. The intersections in the same group have the same x and y co-ords at the radiator but a different angle α. They are superimposed together at the precise point to point focus position.

The intersections of the beam trajectories with the plane through thefocusing point for the central line energy and perpendicular to the beam.

TOSCA calculation of the beam spot profile at the focal plane

for 3 GeV electrons and with a quadrupole (81 lines).

Different lab x co-ords at radiator

With quadrupole

Different angles ψat radiator

9 intersections superimposed together

Two identical dipoles Tagger (with the quadrupole adjusted to focus at 3 GeV).

Two identical dipoles Tagger (with the quadrupole adjusted to focus at 4.3 GeV).

Envelopes of electron beam trajectories as they cross the focal plane– using 81 trajectory ray bundles (without quadrupole).

Electron beam trajectories as they cross the focal plane - central ray only.

Par 3. Tagger optics along the straight line focal plane.

- The optical properties have been determined using Tosca ray tracing .
- The optical properties meet the requirements of GlueX.

Magnet 1

Magnet 1

Photon beam

Straight thin window flange (parallel to the straight line focal plane determined by TOSCA ray tracing)

Main beam

Comparison of optical properties along the Straight Line focal planes (without and with quadrupole). (quadrupole field optimized for 3 GeV electrons.)

Resolution.

Half vertical height.

Comparison of optical properties along the Straight Line focal plane (without and with quadrupole).

Dispersion.

Beta.

(Perpendicular to electron trajectory)

Beta is the angle between an outgoing electron trajectory and the focal plane.

- The effects of positioning errors on the Tagger optics are simulated by using Opera 3 D. In these calculations, the second magnet is intentionally put in the wrong position.
- Various positioning errors have been investigated:
1.the second magnet is moved longitudinally +-2 mm along a straight line parallel to the long exit edge of the first magnet.

2.the second magnet is moved right or left 2 mm along a straight line perpendicular to the long exit edge of the first magnet.

3. the second magnet is rotated around the bottom right corner of the second magnet by an angle of 0.1 degree or -0.1degree.

- It has been found that the Tagger optical properties are insensitive to the positioning errors.

- The optical properties along the straight line focal plane of the two identical magnets Tagger meet the GlueX specifications.
- The Tagger optical properties are insensitive to the positioning errors investigated.