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Dada . 1916-1922. Dada. Founded in Zurich in 1916 by a group of refugees from World War I. Dada artists felt the could no longer trust reason and the establishment. Their alternative was to overthrow all authority and cultivate absurdity. Arp .

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Dada

1916-1922


Dada

  • Founded in Zurich in 1916 by a group of refugees from World War I.

  • Dada artists felt the could no longer trust reason and the establishment. Their alternative was to overthrow all authority and cultivate absurdity.


Arp

  • He discovered the principle of random collage by accident, when he tore up a drawing and threw the pieces on the floor. He admired the haphazard pattern the scraps formed.



Schwitters
Schwitters

  • Scoured gutters for discarded junk like bus tickets, buttons, and shreds of paper.

  • Combined these into collages and sculptures.



The Holy Night by AntoniAllegri, known as Correggio by Schwitters


Dada

  • By 1922, Dada- admittedly “against everything, even Dada” dissolved into anarchy.

  • It’s contribution was to make art less an intellectual exercise and more a foray into the unpredictable.


Marcel duchamp
Marcel Duchamp

  • Considered a prime mover in both Dada & Surrealism art movements

  • Armory Show in 1913 brought together Matisse, Picasso and Duchamp’s artwork


Marcel duchamp1
Marcel Duchamp

  • Duchamp’s Nude Descending a Staircase was the Armory Show’s runaway sensation.



Marcel duchamp2
Marcel Duchamp

  • Invented a new art form called “readymades” by mounting a bicycle wheel on a kitchen stool.

  • His most controversial readymade was a porcelain urinal he signed R. Mutt


Marcel duchamp3
Marcel Duchamp

  • Duchamp defended the unconventional objet d’art saying “Whether Mr. Mutt with his own hand made the fountain or not has no importance. He CHOSE it…create a new thought for that object.”



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